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Green Revolution in India

Green Revolution

In India, the Green Revolution transformed agriculture into an industrial system. But how was this accomplished? It was accomplished by utilising modern methods and technology, such as high yielding variety (HYV) seeds, tractors, irrigation systems, herbicides, and fertilisers. In India, agricultural scientist M. S. Swaminathan was largely responsible for the Green Revolution. Do you, on the other hand, know who started the Green Revolution as a whole? Norman E Borlaug started it, and it used agricultural science and technology to boost agricultural output in poor countries.

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Green Revolution is Related to

The main contribution of the Green Revolution was the development of higher-yielding wheat cultivars. The goal of introducing these higher-yielding wheat types was to establish rust-resistant wheat strains. The introduction of high-yielding varieties (HYV) of seeds, higher fertiliser quality, and enhanced irrigation techniques all contributed to an increase in yield production. As a result of the outcomes, the country became self-sufficient in food grains, enhancing India’s agricultural standing. The Green Revolution’s methods, which included the adoption of high-yielding varieties (HYVs) of seeds combined with modern farming technologies and a dramatic increase in wheat production, fueled India’s self-sufficiency and boosted farmer excitement.
Other green revolution practises included the use of high-yielding varieties (HYVs) of seeds, irrigation infrastructure, pesticides, insecticides, and herbicides, consolidation of holdings, land reforms, improved rural infrastructure, agricultural credit, chemical or synthetic fertilisers, sprinkler or drip irrigation systems, and advanced machinery.
However, the green revolution had its own negative consequences, with claims that the increased use of chemical pesticides and fertilisers had a severe impact on the soil and land, resulting in land degradation.

Green Revolution in Hindi

भारत में, हरित क्रांति ने कृषि को एक औद्योगिक प्रणाली में बदल दिया। लेकिन यह कैसे पूरा हुआ? यह आधुनिक तरीकों और प्रौद्योगिकी का उपयोग करके पूरा किया गया था, जैसे कि उच्च उपज देने वाली किस्म (HYV) के बीज, ट्रैक्टर, सिंचाई प्रणाली, शाकनाशी और उर्वरक। भारत में कृषि वैज्ञानिक एम. एस. स्वामीनाथन हरित क्रांति के लिए काफी हद तक जिम्मेदार थे। दूसरी ओर, क्या आप जानते हैं कि समग्र रूप से हरित क्रांति की शुरुआत किसने की थी? नॉर्मन ई बोरलॉग ने इसे शुरू किया, और इसने गरीब देशों में कृषि उत्पादन को बढ़ावा देने के लिए कृषि विज्ञान और प्रौद्योगिकी का उपयोग किया।
हरित क्रांति का मुख्य योगदान गेहूं की अधिक उपज देने वाली किस्मों का विकास था। इन उच्च उपज वाले गेहूं के प्रकारों को पेश करने का लक्ष्य जंग प्रतिरोधी गेहूं के उपभेदों को स्थापित करना था। बीजों की उच्च उपज देने वाली किस्मों (HYV), उच्च उर्वरक गुणवत्ता और उन्नत सिंचाई तकनीकों की शुरूआत ने उपज उत्पादन में वृद्धि में योगदान दिया। परिणामों के परिणामस्वरूप, देश खाद्यान्न में आत्मनिर्भर हो गया, जिससे भारत की कृषि स्थिति में वृद्धि हुई। हरित क्रांति के तरीके, जिसमें आधुनिक कृषि तकनीकों के साथ उच्च उपज देने वाली किस्मों (एचवाईवी) को अपनाना और गेहूं के उत्पादन में नाटकीय वृद्धि शामिल थी, ने भारत की आत्मनिर्भरता को बढ़ावा दिया और किसान उत्साह को बढ़ाया।
अन्य हरित क्रांति प्रथाओं में बीज, सिंचाई के बुनियादी ढांचे, कीटनाशकों, कीटनाशकों, और जड़ी-बूटियों की उच्च उपज वाली किस्मों (एचवाईवी) का उपयोग, जोतों का समेकन, भूमि सुधार, बेहतर ग्रामीण बुनियादी ढांचे, कृषि ऋण, रासायनिक या सिंथेटिक उर्वरक, स्प्रिंकलर या ड्रिप शामिल हैं। सिंचाई प्रणाली, और उन्नत मशीनरी।
हालांकि, हरित क्रांति के अपने नकारात्मक परिणाम थे, जिसमें दावा किया गया था कि रासायनिक कीटनाशकों और उर्वरकों के बढ़ते उपयोग का मिट्टी और भूमि पर गंभीर प्रभाव पड़ा, जिसके परिणामस्वरूप भूमि का क्षरण हुआ।

Read: Capital of Uttar Pradesh

Green Revolution Father: MS Swaminathan

Mankombu Sambasivan Swaminathan is MS Swaminathan’s full name, and he is known in India as the “Father of the Green Revolution.” MS Swaminathan, an Indian agricultural scientist, plant geneticist, administrator, and humanitarian, was born on August 7, 1925. He is also a global leader of the green revolution. He has been called the “genius” behind India’s green revolution. MS Swaminathan’s collaborative scientific efforts with Norman Borlaug helped save India and Pakistan from famine-like conditions in the 1960s, and his leadership as Director-General of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in the Philippines helped him win the first World Food Prize in 1987. This medal is considered one of the finest honours in agriculture. He has been dubbed “the Father of Economic Ecology” by the United Nations Environment Programme.
In 2004, Swaminathan served as the chairman of the National Commission on Farmers (NCF). This commission had proposed far-reaching changes to India’s agricultural sector. MS Swaminathan is also the founder of an eponymous research foundation, and he introduced the term “Evergreen Revolution” in 1990 to characterise his goal of “perpetual productivity without concomitant environmental impact.” He was elected to the Indian Parliament for one term between 2007 and 2013, and during that time he introduced a measure to recognise women farmers in India. It did, however, lapsed.

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Green Revolution was introduced in India in 1990

The green revolution can be defined as a revolution that led in a significant rise in food grain output (especially wheat and rice). Beginning in the mid-twentieth century, new, high-yielding varieties were introduced into developing countries, resulting in the green revolution. Farmers in Mexico and the Indian subcontinent were essential witnesses to its early accomplishments, which were massive and dramatic. Furthermore, the new cultivars’ high yields necessitate significant amounts of chemical fertilisers and pesticides, raising concerns about cost and possible negative environmental effects, which poor farmers cannot pay. The older strains, on the other hand, were better adapted to local conditions and had some pest and disease resistance.

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FAQs on Green Revolution in India

What states the Green Revolution begin?

In India, the Green Revolution was originally implemented as part of a development initiative in Punjab in the late 1960s.

Who started India’s green revolution?

MS Swaminathan is credited with starting the green revolution in India.

What is the second green revolution in India?

India’s new agriculture strategy termed the “second green revolution” or “Evergreen Revolution,” aims towards sustainable agriculture.

When did India’s Green Revolution begin?

In India, the Green Revolution began in the 1960s.

What exactly is the golden revolution?

The Golden Revolution in India was a period of agricultural progress in India that was mostly centred on horticulture and honey production.

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