Figure of Speech_00.1
Online Tution   »   Figure of Speech

Figure of Speech 

Common Figure of Speech 

A figure of speech is a phrase that is employed to create an effect in a non-literal way.  This effect can be rhetorical, such as when words are arranged carefully to generate a poetic effect, or imagery, such as when language is used to create a visual image or make a concept more vivid. Because of their expressive use of language, figures of speech are generally used as literary devices. Words are utilised in ways that aren’t always the same as their literal definitions or usage patterns. The figure of speech can easily highlight the purpose of use and the figure of speech usually catches eyes. 

Read About: Part of Speech

The Figure of Speech in English with Examples

The figure of speech is used to build a comparison and add dramatic essence while speaking or writing. Simply, the figure of a speech is a figurative language that consists of a single word or phrase. It could be a simile or metaphor to communicate a meaning other than the literal meaning. Different techniques are commonly used to classify it. A scheme is a word sequence or pattern that is commonly used.  To achieve the desired result, we normally perform the following four basic operations:

  1. The term “transposition” is also known as transferring. 
  2. superabundance, Repetition, and expansion are all terms used to describe the addition.
  3. Switching, interchange, substitution, and transmutation are all terms for the permutation.
  4. Subtraction, abridgment, and lack are all terms used to describe an omission.

Read: Notice Writing

Types of Figure of Speech with Examples

Here we have given some types of figures of speech, read the entire article to get a better understanding of figures of speech. 

 

Understatement 

When you try to convey something less important.

 

Example 

  1. Referring a big wound to just a scratch
  2. Referring big destruction to just an accident
  3. Saying it little dry instead of desert

 

Irony 

Irony is defined as the use of terminology that contrasts with what you say and do. It’s as if there’s a distinction between what’s spoken and what’s meant.

 

Example

 

  1. A traffic cop got a ticket for parking in a no-parking zone.
  2. The Titanic was said to be unsinkable but got sunk on its first trip.
  3. When the viewer knows who the killer is in the movie, but the actor doesn’t know that.

 

Assonance

Assonance is defined as the repetition of vowel sounds.

 

Example

 

  1. The light of the fire is a sight
  2. Try as I might, the kite did not fly
  3. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers

 

Euphemism

Euphemism is defined as replacing harsh, offensive, and blunt terms with vague, mild, and soft terms.

 

Example-

 

  1. Against the government, we shall launch an active defense.
  2. I’m looking forward to the task.
  3. Lisa is making a team move from the Production section to the Account Department.

 

Synecdoche

When a whole is represented by a part or when a part is represented by a whole is called synecdoche.

 

Example- 

 

  1. Using the word “hand” to describe a helper.
  2. The alphabet is referred to as the “ABCs.”
  3. Using the phrase “wagging tongue” to describe gossip.

 

Oxymoron

When two words are used together in a statement but appear to be in opposition to one another, it is called an oxymoron. An oxymoron is a figure of speech in which two contrast sentences are purposefully combined together. This contradiction creates a different image instead of actual speech in the reader’s or listener’s minds.

 

Example

 

  1. You wouldn’t believe how much it costs to seem this cheap.
  2. A good impromptu speech usually takes more than three weeks to prepare. 
  3. We must believe in the concept of free will. We have no other option.

 

Pun

Pun is used to convey two different meanings of a word. It is used to show humour. The pun is having different meanings than the actual words sound. 

 

Example

 

  1. Where do you find giant snails? On the ends of the giants’ fingers.
  2. You were right, so I left.
  3. Geometry is so pointless.

 

Personification

Non-living things,  abstract ideas, or qualities are treated as humans or living things.

 

Example

 

  1. In Hindu methodology, we personified rain as Indra dev.
  2. In Hindu methodology, we personified thunder as Rudra dev.
  3. In Hindu methodology, we personified air as Varuna. 

 

Metaphor

An indirect comparison between two unrelated entities that share a common characteristic.

 

Example

 

  1. He broke my heart.
  2. You light up my life.
  3. The cold air pierced his skin.

 

Paradox 

A statement that contradicts itself is called a paradox. Check the examples of a paradox given below: 

 

Example

 

  1. Here are the rules: Ignore all rules.
  2. I only message those who do not message.
  3. This is the beginning of the end.

 

Simile

A formal comparison of two fundamentally distinct items that have certain characteristics.

 

Example

 

  1. as hot as hell
  2. as sweet as sugar
  3. rain fell like teardrops

Anaphora

The occurrence of the same word or phrase at the start of each sentence or verse.

 

Example

 

  1. And that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
  2. When there is talk of hatred, let us stand up and talk against it. When there is talk of violence, let us stand up and talk against it.”
  3. trained on his lousy tombstone, and it rained on the grass on his stomach. It rained all over the place.

Litotes

A figure of speech that uses an understatement to indicate an affirmative by negating its opposite.

 

Example

 

  1. Thank you, ma’am, you won’t regret it
  2. I will multiply them, and they shall not be few; I will make them honored, and they shall not be small.

FAQs on Figure of Speech

Q. What is the figure of speech?

A figure of speech is a phrase that is employed to create an effect in a non-literal way.

Q. What is the meaning of metaphor in the figure of speech?

The meaning of metaphor in the figure of speech is “An indirect comparison between two unrelated entities that share a common characteristic”.

 

Q. What is the meaning of assonance in the figure of speech?

 The meaning of assonance in the figure of speech is the repetition of vowel sounds.

Q. What is the meaning of Personified in the figure of speech?

The meaning of Personified in the figure of speech is Non-living things,  abstract ideas, or qualities are treated as humans or living things.

 

Sharing is caring!

×

Download success!

Thanks for downloading the guide. For similar guides, free study material, quizzes, videos and job alerts you can download the Adda247 app from play store.

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.
Was this page helpful?

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Login

OR

Forgot Password?

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Sign Up

OR
Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Forgot Password

Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you an OTP to verify it's you.


Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Enter OTP

Please enter the OTP sent to
/6


Did not recive OTP?

Resend in 60s

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Change Password



Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Almost there

Please enter your phone no. to proceed
+91

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Enter OTP

Please enter the OTP sent to Edit Number


Did not recive OTP?

Resend 60

By skipping this step you will not recieve any free content avalaible on adda247, also you will miss onto notification and job alerts

Are you sure you want to skip this step?

By skipping this step you will not recieve any free content avalaible on adda247, also you will miss onto notification and job alerts

Are you sure you want to skip this step?