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Career In Veterinary Science: How to become a veterinary doctor?

How to become a veterinary doctor in India?

A person who looks after animals is a veterinarian. Animals may sustain wounds or injuries due to violence, auto accidents, or other circumstances. Animals cannot be treated by human doctors in the same manner that they treat human illnesses, conditions, and difficulties with medication and surgery. Internal organs and their roles vary among animals. We now have veterinary specialists who are experts in animal medicine as a result.


A career as a veterinarian is for you if you love animals and want to treat them with their ailments, wounds, and diseases. He or she is referred to as a pet doctor in everyday language. A veterinarian is qualified to care for stray animals as well as domesticated animals.

A career in veterinary science: What Qualifications Are Needed To Become a veterinary doctor?

You can enroll in reputable government veterinary colleges in India after clearing the NEET exam in your 12th grade. To start a career as a doctor of veterinary science, you must have a bachelor’s degree in veterinary science or BVSc. Typically, this degree lasts 5.5 years, including an internship year. You can enroll in the following veterinary science courses:

  • A.H. and Veterinary Science [BVSc] Bachelor (Animal Husbandry)
  • A degree in veterinary science is the Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc) (Animal Nutrition)
  • A degree in veterinary science is the Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc) (Veterinary Pathology)
  • A degree in veterinary science is the Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc) (Animal Genetics & Breeding)
  • A degree in veterinary science is the Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSC) (Veterinary Microbiology)
  • A degree in veterinary science is the Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSC) (Veterinary Pathology)

Career in veterinary science: Entrance Exams

  • NEET: National Entrance Examination Test

The NEET entrance test is national and grants admission to all medical programs. According to The Veterinary Council of India, applicants for admission to BVSc and AH programs must take the NEET exam. Typically, it occurs between December and February.


  • AAU VET, The Assam Agricultural University’s Veterinary Entrance Examination

For admission to the Assam Agricultural University’s Veterinary Science (BVSc) and Animal Science programs, there is a university-level entrance exam (AH). The admission exam is administered offline. Normally, this exam takes place in August or September.

  • OUAT, The Odisha University Of Agriculture And Technology

Every year for undergraduate admissions, the Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology conducts a university-level entrance exam. Usually, it takes place from February through June.

  • Pre-Veterinary Test in Rajasthan (RPVT)

Those are applying to the B.V.Sc. and A.H. degree programs administered by the Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences. It is carried out offline. Unlike other entrance exams, the qualifying requirements for RPVT also stipulate that you must be a resident of Rajasthan. It often happens from May to July.

  • UP VET (UP Veterinary Entrance Test)

The UP Veterinary Entrance Exam is held by DUVASU, Mathura, for a variety of UG, PG, Ph. D, and Diploma in BVSc programs. It often takes place in February or March.


Colleges Offering Veterinary Science Courses

ICAR- National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal  ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Bareilly 
Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana  Tamil Nadu Veterinary & Animal Sciences University, Chennai 
Maharashtra Animal & Fisheries Sciences University, Nagpur  Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Hisar 
West Bengal University of Animal & Fishery Sciences, Kolkata  Kerala Veterinary & Animal Sciences University, Pookode 
Nanaji Deshmukh Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Visva Vidyalaya, Jabalpur  Rajasthan University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Bikaner 
Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupati  UP Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhaya Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwavidhyala Evam Go Anusandhan Sansthan, Mathura 
Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University, Bidar  Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya, Durg 
Sri PV Narsimha Rao Telangana State Veterinary University, Hyderabad  Kamdhenu University, Gandhinagar 


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Veterinary Science: Job Prospects


Job Profiles Descriptions
Companion animal veterinarians They usually work for themselves or individual set-ups and provide treatment to pet animals like dogs, cats, birds, etc. They are trained to provide medical assistance. They are specialized professionals who can perform surgery and medical practices such as vaccines.
Equine veterinarian They generally work with horses and provide them with medical treatment if required. They vaccinate the Horse against disease along with advising farm owners or managers about feeding, general health practices.
Cattle veterinarians They work for the welfare of animals like cows, buffalo, and sheep and guide people about fodder and other health practices.
Food safety & Inspection Veterinarians They generally research and prevent transmissible diseases among livestock and also prevent diseases that can infect humans by coming in contact or by consuming animals.
Research Veterinarians They research to find new surgical techniques. They usually have to work in laboratories and pathologies.


Veterinary Science Doctor: Salary

In terms of pay, wages are also good when compared to other common professions. Veterinarian pay may differ from nation to nation. Starting salary ranges from $60,000 to $80,000, with potential increases based on experience and expertise. The pay for a veterinarian in India ranges from Rs 10,000 to Rs 50,000 a month, depending on the practice and experience.


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Veterinary Science: FAQs

Ques 1. Is NEET a prerequisite for becoming a veterinarian?

Ans. Before being admitted, applicants must complete the NEET exam for all medical programs. After completing a veterinary diploma program or after completing 12th grade, one may sit for the exam.


Ques 2. How many years is the veterinary school program?

Ans. Approximately 8 years are needed to become a veterinarian. Among them is a four-year Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc) degree. Candidates will also need an additional four years to finish their DVM (Doctor of Veterinary Medicine) program.


Ques 3. The best veterinary program, which one?

Ans. Several of the most well-known veterinary sciences include 

  • Veterinary Science Bachelor’s (BVSc) 
  • Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry Bachelor’s Degree (BVSc & AH) 
  • Animal Genetics and Breeding BVSc 
  • Animal Production BVSc

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