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Ncert Solutions For Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 2_40.1

Ncert Solutions For Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 2

Adda247 provides NCERT solutions for class 11 chemistry chapter 2. The NCERT Solutions provided here will enhance the concepts of the students, as well as suggest alternative methods to solve particular problems to the teachers.

These NCERT Solutions Class 11 chemistry are presented in a very simple language so that you can understand the basic of chemistry with ease. These NCERT Solutions class 11 Chemistry cover chapters 1 to 14 with all important questions and answers explained in a detailed way.

Students can download the Class 11 Chemistry NCERT Solutions, which they want to study with the comfort of their house.

The solutions available are in depth and simplest way. Thus will help the students beyond examination marks. This will help them develop a core understanding of the subject. Because this subject demands to understand rather than just memorizing solutions of Class 11 Chemistry. Here below we are providing you with the overview of all the chemistry Class 11 Chapters that are there in the NCERT textbook.

At Adda247, students can access chapter wise solutions to get their doubts clarified instantly. The faculty had provided both online and offline mode of Solutions which can be used free of cost.

Benefits of Solutions of NCERT class 11 Chemistry:

  • NCERT Solutions for Class 11 is helpful to solve questions from other reference books too.
  • NCERT Solutions for class 11 Chemistry will assist students to cross check answers and prepare for the exams in a strategic way.

The students can access the solutions anywhere while browsing web easily. The solutions are very precise and accurate.

 

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 2: Structure of Atom

Atoms consist of three basic particles: protons, electrons, and neutrons. The nucleus (center) of the atom contains the protons (positively charged) and the neutrons (no charge). The outermost regions of the atom are called electron shells and contain the electrons (negatively charged).

An atom is a complex arrangement of negatively charged electrons arranged in defined shells about a positively charged nucleus. This nucleus contains most of the atom’s mass and is composed of protons and neutrons (except for common hydrogen which has only one proton).

Atoms are extremely important structures that make up all of the materials on earth. Atoms are in our bodies and they bond together to form molecules, which make up matter. What is Matter? Matter is any substance that takes up space, meaning it has mass and volume.

Basic Atomic Structure. The idea that everything is made of atoms was pioneered by John Dalton (1766-1844) in a book he published in 1808. He is sometimes called the “father” of atomic theory, but judging from this photo on the right “grandfather” might be a better term.

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 2 are available for you to download online in PDF format. The Class 11 Chemistry NCERT Solutions Chapter 2 are prepared by the experts of Adda247 who are working in this field for decades now. Our subject matter expert will get the right answers for all questions that are asked in the examinations relating to Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 2. You can also download the Structure of Atom Class 11 questions and answers PDF, and go through them.

Download Full PDF of Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 2

Chapter 2 Chemistry Class 11 covers the below topics:

  1. Discovery of Subatomic Particles
  2. Discovery of Electron.
  3. Charge to Mass Ratio of Electron
  4. Charge on the Electron
  5. Discovery of Protons and Neutrons
  6. Atomic models
  7. Thomson Model of Atom
  8. Rutherford’s Nuclear Model of Atom
  9. Atomic Number and Mass Number
  10. Isobars and Isotopes
  11. Drawbacks of Rutherford Model
  12. Developments Leading to the Bohr’s Model of Atom
  13. Wave Nature of Electromagnetic Radiation
  14. Particle Nature of Electromagnetic
  15. Photoelectric Effect
  16. Dual Behaviour of Electromagnetic Radiation
  17. Evidence for the quantized Electronic Energy Levels: Atomic spectra
  18. Emission and Absorption Spectra
  19. Line Spectrum of Hydrogen
  20. The Spectral Lines for Atomic Hydrogen
  21. Bohr’s Model for Hydrogen Atom
  22. Explanation of Line Spectrum of Hydrogen
  23. Limitations of Bohr’s Model
  24. Towards Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom
  25. Dual Behaviour of Matter
  26. Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle
  27. Significance of the Uncertainty Principle
  28. Reasons for the Failure of the Bohr Model
  29. Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom
  30. Hydrogen Atom and the Schrodinger Equation
  31. Orbitals and Quantum Numbers
  32. Shapes of Atomic Orbitals
  33. Energies of Orbitals
  34. Filling of Orbitals in Atom
  35. Aufbau Principle
  36. Pauli Exclusion Principle
  37. Hund’s Rule of Maximum Multiplicity
  38. Electronic Configuration of Atoms
  39. Stability of Completely Filled and Half- Filled Sunshells

 

Key features of NCERT solutions class 11 Chemistry chapter 2

  • The NCERT solution provide clear and precise answer.
  • The columns are used wherever necessary.

 

Important questions of NCERT Solutions of Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 2

Question: 1 i) Calculate the number of electrons that will together weight gram.                       

  1. ii) Calculate the mass and charge of one mole of electrons.

Answer:

  • Mass of electron = 9.10939 x 10-31kg

Number of electrons that weigh = 9.10939 x 10-31kg = 1

Number of electrons that will weigh 1 g = (1 x 10-3 kg)

1 (1 x 10-3kg)  / 9.10939 x 10-31 kg

= 0.1098 x 10-3 + 31

= 0.1098 x 1028

= 1.098 x 1027

  • Mass of electron = 9.10939 x 10-31 kg

Mass of one mole of electron = (6.022 x 1023)(9.10939 x 10-31)

= 5.48 x 10-7kg

Charge on one electron = 1.6022 x 10-19columb

Charge on one mole of electron = (1.6022 x 10-19C)(6.022 x 1023)

= 9.65 x 104c

 

Question: 2 i) Calculate the total number of electrons present in one mole of

                        Methane.

  1. ii) Find the total number and the total mass of neutrons in 7 mg of 14C.

                   iii) Find the total number and the total mass of protons in 34 mg of NH3

                        at STP.

Will the answer change if the temperature and pressure are changed?

Answer:

(i) Molecule of CH4 (methane) contains electron = 10

Therefore 1 mole (6.022 x 1023 atoms) contains electron = 6.022 x 1024

(ii)  a) 1g atom of 14C = 14g = 6.022 x 1023 atoms = 6.022 x 1024 x 8 neutrons

Thus 14g or 14000 mg have 6.022 x 1024 x 8 neutrons

Therefore 7 mg will have neutrons = 6.022 x 1024 x 8 / 14000 x 7 = 2.4088 x 1022

  1. b) Mass of 1 neutron = 1.675 x 10-27 kg

Therefore mass of 2.4088 x 1021 neutrons = 2.4088 x 1021 x 1.67 x 10-27 = 4.0347 x 10-6 kg

(iii)  a) 1 mol of NH3 = 17g NH3 = 6.022 x 1023 molecules of NH3 = (6.022×1023)(7 + 3) proton = 6.022 x 1024 protons

Therefore 34 mg i.e 0.034 g NH3 = 6.022 x 1024 x 0.034/1 = 1.2044 x 1022 protons

  1. b) mass of 1 proton = 1.6726 x 10-27 kg

Therefore mass of 1.2044 x 1022 protons = (1.6726 x 10-27)(1.2044 x 1022) kg = 2.0145 x 10-5 kg

No, the answer will not change with change in temperature & pressure

 

Question: 3 How many neutrons and protons are there in the following nuclei?

136C, 816O, 2412Mg, 2656Fe, 8838Sr.

Answer:

613C:

Atomic mass = 13

Atomic number = Number of protons = 6

Number of neutrons = (Atomic mass) – (Atomic number) = 13 – 6 = 7

168 O:

Atomic mass = 16

Atomic number = 8

Number of protons = 8

Number of neutrons = (Atomic mass) – (Atomic number) = 16 – 8 = 8

2412 MG:

Atomic mass = 24

Atomic number = Number of protons = 12

Number of neutrons = (Atomic mass) – (Atomic number) = 24 – 12 = 12

2656 Fe:

Atomic mass = 56

Atomic number = Number of protons = 26

Number of neutrons = (Atomic mass) – (Atomic number) = 56 – 26 = 30

8838 Sr:

Atomic mass = 88

Atomic number = Number of protons = 38

Number of neutrons = (Atomic mass) – (Atomic number) = 88 – 38 = 50

                   

Question: 4 Write the complete symbol for the atom with the given atomic number

(Z) and atomic mass (A)

  1. Z = 17 , A = 35
  2. Z = 92 , A = 233
  • Z = 4 , A = 9

Answer:

  • The element with atomic number(Z) 17 & mass number (A) 35 is chlorine = 3517Cl
  • The element with atomic number(Z) 92 & mass number (A)233 is uranium = 23392U
  • The element with atomic number(Z) 4 & mass number (A) 9 is berellium = 49Be

 

Question: 5 Yellow light emitted from a sodium lamp has a wavelength of 580 nm. Calculate the frequency (v) and wavenumber (v-) of the yellow light.

Answer:

From the expression,  = c/ v

We get,

V = c /  ….(i)

Where,

V = frequency of yellow light

C = velocity of the light in vacuum = 3 x 108m /  s

= wavelength of yellow light = 580 nm = 580 x 10-9m substituting the values of in expression (i)

V = 3 x 108 / 580 x 10-9  = 5.17 x 1014 / S

Thus, frequency of yellow light emitted from the sodium lamp

= 5.17 x 1014 / s

Wave number of yellow light = 1 /

= 1/ 580 x 10-9 = 1.72 x 108 / m

 

Question: 6 Find the energy of each of the photons which

  1. Correspond to light of frequency 3 × 10 ^ 15 Hz
  2. Have wavelength of 0.50 A°.

Answer:

  • Energy (E) of a photon is given by the expression,

E = hv

Where, h = Planck’s constant = 6.626 × 10-34 Js

ν = frequency of light = 3 × 1015 Hz

 

Substituting the values in the given expression of E:

E = (6.626 × 10-34) (3 × 1015) E = 1.988 × 10-18 J

 

  • Energy (E) of a photon having wavelength (λ) is given by the expression,

E = hc/λ

h = Planck’s constant = 6.626 × 10-34 Js

c = velocity of light in vacuum = 3 × 108 m/s

Substituting the values in the given expression of E:

E=(6.626 x 10-34)(3 x 108)/0.50 x 10-10 = 3.976 x 10-15 J E = 3.98 x 10-15 J

 

Question:7 Calculate the wavelength, frequency and wavenumber of a light wave whose period is 2.0 × 10^-10 s.

Answer:

Frequency (v) of light = 1 / period

= 1 / 2.0 x 10-10 = 5.0 x 109 / s

Wavelength of light = c / v

Where,

C = velocity of light in vacuum

Substituting the value in the given equation of wavelength,

= 3 x 108 / 5.0 x 109 = 6.0 x 10-2 m

Wave number of light = 1 / 6.0 x 10-2 = 1.66 x 101 / m = 16.66 m

 

Question:8 What is the number of photons of light with a wavelength of 4000 pm that provide 1J of energy?

Answer:

Energy of a photon = hv

Energy on n photon = nhv

N = En / hc

Where,

= wavelength of light = 4000 x 10-12 m

c = velocity of light in vacuum

h = Plank’s constant

Substituting the values in expression of n:

n = 1 x (4000 x 10-12) / (6.626 x 10-34) (3 x 108) = 2.012 x 1016

Hence, the number of photons with a wavelength of 4000 and energy of 1J are 2.012 x 1016

 

Question :9 What is the wavelength of  light emitted when the electron in a hydrogen atom undergoes transition from an energy level with n = 4 to an energy level with n = 2 ?

Answer:

According to Formula :

Wave number=ν=R[1/n₁²  -1/n₂²]

where

R=109678 cm⁻¹n1=2n2=4

ν=109678[1/2² – 1/4²]

=109678[(4-1)/16]

=109678×3/16

As we know that wave number=1/Wavelength

⇒ ν=1/λ

λ=1/ν

= 1/[109678×3/16]

= 16/109678×3

= 486×10⁻⁷ cm

= 486x 10⁻⁹m

= 486 nm

∴wavelength of light emitted is 486 nm

 

Question :10 How much energy is required to ionise a H atom if the electron occupies n = 5 orbit? Campare your answer with the ionization enthalpy of H atom.

Answer:

The expression of energy is given by,

Where,

Z = atomic number of the atom

n = principal quantum number

For ionization from n1 = 5 to ,

Therefore ΔE = E2- E1 = – 21.8 X10-19 (1/n22-1/n12)

= 21.8 X10-19 (1/n22-1/n12)

= 21.8 X10-19 (1/52-1/∞)

= 8.72 x 10-20 J

For ionization from 1st orbit, n1= 1,

Therefore ΔE’ = 21.8×10-19 (1/12-1/∞)

= 21.8×10-19 J

Now ΔE’/ ΔE = 21.8×10-19 / 8.72×10-20 = 25

Thus the energy required to remove electrons from 1st orbit is 25 times than the required to electron from 5th orbit.

 

FAQs on NCERT Solutions Chemistry Class 11 Chapter 2

  1. What are the important questions of Structures of Atoms?

Ans. The topics covered are

  1. Subatomic Particles
  • Discovery of Electron
  • Charge To Mass Ratio of Electron
  • Charge On the Electron
  • Discovery Of Protons And Neutrons
  1. Atomic Models
  • Thomson Model of Atom
  • Rutherford’s Nuclear and Mass Number
  • Isobars And Isotopes
  • Drawbacks of Rutherford Model
  1. Developments Leading to the Bohr’s Model of Atom
  • Wave Nature of Electromagnetic Radiation
  • Particle Nature of Electromagnetic Radiation: Planck’s Quantum Theory
  • The Quantized Electronic Energy Levels: Atomic Spectra
  1. Bohr’s Model For Hydrogen Atom
  • Explanation of Line Spectrum Of Hydrogen
  • Limitations Of Bohr’s Model
  1. Towards Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom
  • Dual Behaviour of Matter
  • Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principles
  1. Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom
  • Orbitals and Quantum Numbers
  • Shapes of Atomic Orbitals
  • Energies of Orbitals
  • Filling of Orbitals in Atom
  • Electronic configuration of Atoms
  • Stability of Completely Filled and Half Filled Subshells.

 

  1. What is discussed in the chapter?

Ans. This chapter introduces the concepts of atoms, electrons, protons, and neutrons. Also, the students will understand the concepts of isotopes, atomic number, and isobars. These concepts are important for them to understand, as these will build a strong foundation of Chemistry. This chapter will also introduce the students to advanced theories like Rutherford’s model, Thomson’s model and Bohr’s model, their uses and their limitations.

Also, we will discuss the concepts of subshells, shells, de Broglie’s relationship, dual nature of light and matter, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, shapes of s, the concept of orbitals, p and d orbitals, quantum numbers etc. The chapter will also teach them the usage of principles like Hund’s rule, the Aufbau principle and Pauli’s exclusion principle.

 

  1. What is the photoelectric effect in simple words?

Ans. The photoelectric effect is a phenomenon in which electrons are ejected from the surface of a metal when light is incident on it. These ejected electrons are called photoelectrons. It is important to note that the emission of photoelectrons and the kinetic energy of the ejected photoelectrons is dependent on the frequency of the light that is incident on the metal’s surface. The process through which photoelectrons are ejected from the surface of the metal due to the action of light is commonly referred to as photoemission.

The photoelectric effect occurs because the electrons at the surface of the metal tend to absorb energy from the incident light and use it to overcome the attractive forces that bind them to the metallic nuclei. An illustration detailing the emission of photoelectrons as a result of the photoelectric effect is provided below.

 

  1. How to prepare for Chemistry with Adda247?

Ans. Preparing in a step by step and structured manner will help in understanding the concepts in Chemistry easier. The most scoring and difficult concept in this subject is the structure of the Atom. The weightage of this topic is also high. You may think of Qualitative analysis towards the end, as it needs very less time.

Our NCERT Solutions gives you an in-depth knowledge of the conceptual topics. NCERT Solutions have been drafted as per the latest CBSE Class 11 Science Syllabus. Students will feel that the solutions are in a simple language and can understand the difficult topics easily.

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