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Kharif Crops Meaning

Kharif Crops Meaning in English

Kharif crops, also known as monsoon crops or autumn crops or fall crops, are domesticated plants grown and harvested in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh during the monsoon season, which varies by location and lasts from June to November.  In some parts of the Indian subcontinent, monsoon rains can start as early as May, and crops are typically harvested from September to October. Rice, maize, and cotton are among India’s most important Kharif crops. The Rabi crop, which is planted in the winter, is the polar opposite of the Kharif crop.

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Kharif corps Meaning in Hindi

खरीफ फसल, जिसे मानसून फसल या शरद ऋतु की फसल के रूप में भी जाना जाता है, मानसून के मौसम के दौरान भारत, पाकिस्तान और बांग्लादेश में उगाए और काटे जाने वाले घरेलू पौधे हैं, जो स्थान के अनुसार भिन्न होता है और जून से नवंबर तक रहता है। भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप के कुछ हिस्सों में, मानसून की बारिश मई की शुरुआत में शुरू हो सकती है, और फसल आमतौर पर सितंबर से अक्टूबर तक काटी जाती है। चावल, मक्का और कपास भारत की सबसे महत्वपूर्ण खरीफ फसलों में से हैं। सर्दियों में बोई जाने वाली रबी की फसल खरीफ की फसल के विपरीत होती है।

अरबी शब्द खरीफ और रबी दोनों रमजान के महीने से संबंधित हैं। भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप में मुगल साम्राज्य के उदय के साथ, वे लोकप्रिय हो गए और तब से अक्सर इसका उपयोग किया जाता है। अरबी में, खरीफ का शाब्दिक अर्थ है “शरद ऋतु।” भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप में, रोपण मानसून के दौरान होता है और कटाई शरद ऋतु के निकट होती है; शरद ऋतु की कटाई के मौसम की इस निकटता को खरीफ काल के रूप में जाना जाता है।
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Kharif Crops Meaning and Examples

The Arabic words Kharif and rabi are both related to the month of Ramadan. With the rise of the Mughal Empire in the Indian subcontinent, they became popular and have been frequently used ever since. In Arabic, kharif literally means “autumn.” In the Indian subcontinent, planting occurs during the monsoon and reaping occurs near to Autumn; this proximity to Autumn reap season is known as the Kharif period.
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Kharif and Rabi Crops Meaning

Unlike Kharif crops, Rabi crops are winter-sown and spring-harvested agricultural crops in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. The Kharif crop, which is planted after the rabi and Zaid harvests are harvested one after the other, is the polar opposite of the rabi crop.
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Kharif Season in India

The Kharif season in India is widely thought to begin in June and end in October.

Monsoon sowing dates vary, ranging from the end of May in Kerala in the south to July in some northern Indian states. Kharif crops are sown in May, June, and July in other parts of India, such as Maharashtra on the west coast, where rains fall in June.

These crops are reliant on both the quantity and timing of rains. Too much, too little, or rain at the wrong time can sabotage a whole year’s worth of work.

Kharif Crops Examples

Rice is India’s most significant Kharif crop. It is cultivated in rain-fed locations with hot and humid temperatures, particularly in India’s eastern and southern regions.

The cereals produced during the Kharif season are Jowar, Maize, Millet, and Rice.

Almonds, Apples, Apricots, Bananas, Cantaloupe, Chikoo, Coconut, Pomegranate, Plum, and other fruits are available throughout the Kharif season.

Arhar (tur), Black gramme (urad), Cotton, Cowpea (Kavala), Sesame (til), Soybean, Urad bean, Pigeon pea (Red gramme), and others are seed plants of the Kharif season.

Bitter gourd (karela), Bottle gourd, Brinjal, Chili, are some Kharif veggies.

 

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FAQs on Kharif Crops

What are kharif crops and their examples?

Kharif crops are domesticated plants grown and harvested in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh during the monsoon season

Jowar, Maize, Millet, Almonds, Apples, Cotton, Cowpea (Kavala), Bottle gourd, Brinjal, Chili, are some Kharif season cereals, fruits, seed plants and veggies.

When is Rabi crops season in India?

The winter months from October to the ‘near-summer’ months of march, is the duration of Rabi crops.

Which crops are planted during the monsoon and harvested in the fall?

Kharif crops are planted in various sections of the country as the monsoon season approaches, and they are harvested in September and October.

What are the three types of crops?

Rabi, Kharif and Zaid are the three types of crops.

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