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Kharif Crops Meaning and Definition in Hindi

Crops Meaning

Crops are plants that are grown and harvested by farmers for food, fiber, fuel, or other uses. They include things like wheat, rice, corn, fruits, vegetables, and more. Basically, crops are the plants that people intentionally cultivate and harvest for various purposes.

Kharif Crops Meaning

Kharif crops, also known as monsoon crops or autumn crops or fall crops, are domesticated plants grown and harvested in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh during the monsoon season, which varies by location and lasts from June to November.  In some parts of the Indian subcontinent, monsoon rains can start as early as May, and crops are typically harvested from September to October. Rice, maize, and cotton are among India’s most important Kharif crops. The Rabi crop, which is planted in the winter, is the polar opposite of the Kharif crop.

Kharif Corps Meaning in Hindi

खरीफ फसल, जिसे मानसून फसल या शरद ऋतु की फसल के रूप में भी जाना जाता है, मानसून के मौसम के दौरान भारत, पाकिस्तान और बांग्लादेश में उगाए और काटे जाने वाले घरेलू पौधे हैं, जो स्थान के अनुसार भिन्न होता है और जून से नवंबर तक रहता है। भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप के कुछ हिस्सों में, मानसून की बारिश मई की शुरुआत में शुरू हो सकती है, और फसल आमतौर पर सितंबर से अक्टूबर तक काटी जाती है। चावल, मक्का और कपास भारत की सबसे महत्वपूर्ण खरीफ फसलों में से हैं। सर्दियों में बोई जाने वाली रबी की फसल खरीफ की फसल के विपरीत होती है।

अरबी शब्द खरीफ और रबी दोनों रमजान के महीने से संबंधित हैं। भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप में मुगल साम्राज्य के उदय के साथ, वे लोकप्रिय हो गए और तब से अक्सर इसका उपयोग किया जाता है। अरबी में, खरीफ का शाब्दिक अर्थ है “शरद ऋतु।” भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप में, रोपण मानसून के दौरान होता है और कटाई शरद ऋतु के निकट होती है; शरद ऋतु की कटाई के मौसम की इस निकटता को खरीफ काल के रूप में जाना जाता है।

Kharif Fasal

“Kharif fasal” is a Hindi term commonly used in India to refer to the crops that are sown in the monsoon season and harvested in autumn. These crops typically require a lot of water and warm weather to grow well. Examples of kharif crops include rice, maize, millet, cotton, and soybeans. They are usually sown between June and July and harvested between September and October.

Kharif and Rabi Crops

Unlike Kharif crops, Rabi crops are winter-sown and spring-harvested agricultural crops in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. The Kharif crop, which is planted after the rabi and Zaid harvests are harvested one after the other, is the polar opposite of the rabi crop.

Kharif Season in India

The Kharif season in India is widely thought to begin in June and end in October.

Monsoon sowing dates vary, ranging from the end of May in Kerala in the south to July in some northern Indian states. Kharif crops are sown in May, June, and July in other parts of India, such as Maharashtra on the west coast, where rains fall in June.

These crops are reliant on both the quantity and timing of rains. Too much, too little, or rain at the wrong time can sabotage a whole year’s worth of work.

Kharif Crop Simple Example

The Arabic words Kharif and rabi are both related to the month of Ramadan. With the rise of the Mughal Empire in the Indian subcontinent, they became popular and have been frequently used ever since. In Arabic, kharif literally means “autumn.” In the Indian subcontinent, planting occurs during the monsoon and reaping occurs near to Autumn; this proximity to Autumn reap season is known as the Kharif period.

Kharif Crops Examples

“Kharif fasal” refers to the crops cultivated during the rainy season, which is known as the “kharif season” in India. This season typically begins with the onset of the southwest monsoon in June and continues until September/October. Kharif crops are sown at the beginning of the monsoon season and harvested before the arrival of winter.

These crops are well-suited to the warm and wet conditions of the monsoon period. They require a sufficient amount of water for germination and growth. Some of the common kharif crops cultivated in India include:

Rice (Dhan): Rice is one of the primary kharif crops grown extensively across India, especially in states like West Bengal, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh.

Maize (Makka): Maize is another important kharif crop cultivated for food, fodder, and industrial purposes. It is grown in various states, including Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, and Bihar.

Millets (Bajra, Jowar): Millets such as bajra (pearl millet) and jowar (sorghum) are traditional kharif crops that are well-adapted to semi-arid regions. They are commonly grown in states like Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Karnataka.

Cotton (Kapas): Cotton is a major cash crop cultivated during the kharif season for its fiber. It is grown in states like Gujarat, Maharashtra, Telangana, and Punjab.

Pulses (Arhar, Moong, Urad): Various pulses like arhar (pigeon pea), moong (green gram), and urad (black gram) are grown during the kharif season. These provide a significant source of protein in the Indian diet.

Oilseeds (Groundnut, Soybean): Oilseeds such as groundnut (peanut) and soybean are cultivated in several states during the kharif season. They are important sources of edible oil.

Sugarcane (Ganna): Sugarcane is a tropical crop cultivated for its sweet juice, which is used for producing sugar and other products. It is grown in states like Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Karnataka.

These kharif crops play a vital role in India’s agriculture sector, contributing significantly to food security, rural livelihoods, and the economy. They are dependent on the timely arrival and distribution of monsoon rains for successful cultivation and yield.

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What are kharif crops and their examples?

Kharif crops are domesticated plants grown and harvested in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh during the monsoon season

Jowar, Maize, Millet, Almonds, Apples, Cotton, Cowpea (Kavala), Bottle gourd, Brinjal, Chili, are some Kharif season cereals, fruits, seed plants and veggies.

When is Rabi crops season in India?

The winter months from October to the ‘near-summer’ months of march, is the duration of Rabi crops.

Which crops are planted during the monsoon and harvested in the fall?

Kharif crops are planted in various sections of the country as the monsoon season approaches, and they are harvested in September and October.

What are the three types of crops?

Rabi, Kharif and Zaid are the three types of crops.

About the Author

Hi, I am Brajesh (M.Tech, MCA), I Professional Educator having 3 years of experience in school education sector. Aim to provide JEE, NEET, CUET, and Other Entrance exams information in a simple way to help students find clarity and confidence. I provide here easily accessible content on Exam Notifications, Syllabus, Admit Cards, and Results.

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