Mahatma Gandhi Essay: Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English
Mahatma Gandhi Essay: “The Father of the Nation” and the man who struggled to attain freedom for India was Mahatma Gandhi. He protested with the motto of non-violence and due to his extreme courage, the British had to leave India.
Mahatma Gandhi is a person who followed the way of non-violence and truth to make the country free from the British Empire, was born on October 2nd, 1869 in Gujarat. He belonged to a very well-to-do family. Throughout his school and college days, he remained a shy boy but was a good and brilliant student. After completing school he went to England to study law and became a barrister. Then he returned to India and began to practice at the Bombay High Court. But he was not interested in the legal services due to the country’s situation. So, he joined the struggle for India’s Freedom.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhiji : Birth and Childhood Activity
The real name of Mahatma Gandhi is “Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi”. He was born on 2nd October 1869. The birth location was Porbandar. His parents were “Karamchand Gandhi” and mother, “Putlibai Gandhi”.
He was the youngest among 3 other siblings. At the tender age of 13 years, he was married off to Kasturba Gandhi. After he completed his schooling at Porbandar, he left for South Africa to pursue law studies in 1890.
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Mahatma Gandhi Essay: Mahatma Gandhi in South Africa
In South Africa, during his studies, Mahatma Gandhi found that the Africans and Indians were discriminated against. They were not allowed to mix with the locals and had separate localities to reside in. They were even not allowed to drink the same water or food which the locals had.
Mahatma Gandhi was himself discriminated against and not allowed to board a first-class train as he did not belong to the white community. 21 years he stayed in South Africa. He felt the need for a change and protested against the policy which did not allow Indians to vote. He protested and others joined him in the move.
His protests slowly brought his hard work to notice and the British started respecting the Indians and Africans. They were now given more liberty and freedom as compared to earlier times. With this successful movement of “Satyagraha”, Mahatma Gandhi came to be known as a great politician in South Africa.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay: Indian Freedom Movement
After 21 years of stay in South Africa, Mahatma Gandhi returned to India in 1914. He founded Satyagraha Ashram in 1915 intending to help Indians attain freedom. This was located at Sabarmati.
Staying in the ashram, he used to preach non-violence and started thinking of ways to fight against the British using non-violence. With the Rowlatt Act being passed, Mahatma Gandhi denied the civil liberty of the Indians. This was the start of his entry into Indian politics.
Eventually, he became the person who couldn’t be defeated under any circumstances and was made the leader of the Indian Freedom Movement. Three mass movements launched by him made the people of India believe in unity. The three movements were Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920, the Civil Disobedience movement in 1939, and the Quit India Movement in 1942.
The Quit India Movement was the greatest success with all the Indians protesting united under the guidance of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. This was the last movement against the British and they were forced to leave India. Thus, India achieved Independence.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay: Death and Birthday
Mahatma Gandhi died an unnatural death. He died as Nathuram Godse shot him while he was on his way to evening prayers on January 30, 1948. Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday is celebrated on 2nd October by the nation in the form of a National holiday.
When is the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi?
2nd October 1869 is celebrated as the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi.
What was Mahatma Gandhi fondly known as?
Mahatma Gandhi was fondly known as “Bapu” meaning father in Hindi.
When is the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi?
Mahatma Gandhi died on January 30, 1948.
Who is the father of the Nation?
Mahatma Gandhi is the father of the nation.