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CBSE Class 12th Political Science Answer Key 2022 For Term 2- SET 1,2,3,4 @Cbse.Gov.In

Class 12 Political Science Term 2 Answer key

Class 12 Political Science Term 2 Answer key: The Central Board of Secondary Education is going to conduct the Class 12 Term 2 Political Science exam today on 24th May 2022. If you are searching Class 12 Political Science Term 2 Answer key you are on the right page, on this page you will get the Class 12 Political Science Term 2 Answer key with questions so it will be easy for you to match your responses with the answers given in Class 12 Political Science Term 2 Answer key. Class 12 Political Science Term 2 Answer key is prepared by the expert team of Adda247, Class 12 Political Science Term 2 Answer key is accurate and authentic. Go through the whole article and bookmark this page to get the answer keys for the upcoming examination.

CBSE Class 12th Term 2 Political Science Answer Key

The miscellaneous information of CBSE Class 12th Term 2 Political Science Answer Key is provided in the table below. The students appearing in the CBSE Class 12th Term 2 Political Science examination must check the table given below:

CBSE Class 12th Term 2 Political Science Answer Key

Exam Conducting Body

Central Board of Secondary Education

Exam & Subject Name

CBSE Class 12 Political Science

Category

Answer Key

Exam Date

24th May 2022, Tuesday

Unofficial Answer Key

24th May 2022, Tuesday

Official Answer Key

To be notified

Official Website

https://www.cbse.nic.in/

Political Science Class 12 Term 2 Answer Key and Exam Pattern 

The exam pattern of Political Science Class 12 Term 2 is based on the sample paper released by the board on its official website. Class 12 Term 2 Political Science holds 40 marks. The students will get 2 hours to solve the question paper of Class 12 Term 2 Political Science. The Class 12 Term 2 Political Science question paper consists of three sections namely Section A, Section B, and Section C. Check the details of these sections listed below:

  1. Section A: This section consists of 8 questions. Each question carries 2 marks. The students have to complete each question in 50 words.

  2. Section B: This section consists of 3 questions. Each question carries 4 marks. The students have to complete each question in 100 words.

  3. Section C: This section consists of 2 questions. Each question carries 6 marks. The students have to complete each question in 170 words.

Class 12 Political Science Term 2 Exam Analysis

Class 12 Political Science Term 2 Question Paper for Answer Key

Political Science Class 12 Term 2 Answer Key: Paper Code 59/4/3

Section A

Q.1 Mention any two recommendations of the Mandal Commission?

Recommendations of the Mandal Commission:

(i)Land reforms to improve the conditions of the OBCs.

(ii)Reservation for OBCs in the Government jobs and the educational institution.

Q.2 Analyse any two reasons for the dominance of the Congress Party in the first three general elections. 

The reasons:

(i) The Congress was the only party to have organisation spread all over the country.

(ii) It had inherited the legacy of national movement.

Q.3(a) “Cultures are not static things.” Justify.

Cultures are not static things because it accepts outside influences all the time. Some external influences are negative because they reduce our choices. But sometimes external influences simply enlarge our choices, and sometimes they modify our culture without overwhelming the traditional values.

OR

Q.3(b) “States have become more powerful as a result of globalisation”. Support the statement. 

Globalization has changed the role of the state politically because of strengthened interstate relationships and dependence on one another. States were created to be sovereign but now, due to globalization, often give their sovereignty away to ‘pooling’ (Shaw, 2000: 185) in conventions, contracting, coercion and imposition (Krasner, 1995/6). This has led to increasingly similar jurisdictions across states and to power being seen as economic rather than political progress (Shaw, 2000: 186-187) because states now make political progression and regression together, causing states to become more developmental (Heywood, 2007: 100).

Q.4 Explain any two political consequences of globalisation. 

Political Consequences:

(i) Globalisation results in an erosion of state capacity.

(ii) The old ‘welfare state’ is now giving way to a more minimalist state.

Q.5 Describe any two flows related to globalisation. 

  • Freight (trade). Mainly asymmetrical flows taking place to satisfy material demands ranging from raw materials to finished goods and all the intermediate goods in between. The asymmetry is reflective of trade imbalances as well as the general linear organization of supply chains (upstream to downstream). Flows are mainly supported by maritime shipping with port infrastructures acting as the main gateways of this flow system, but airports play an important role in the trade of high-value goods. Trade networks are organized as interconnected hub-and-spoke structures along the main poles of the global economy.
  • Passengers (migration). Mainly symmetrical flows of people taking place for a variety of reasons, most of them related to tourism with air transportation being the dominant mode supporting such flows. The global air transport system can handle about four million passengers per day and is organized as interconnected hub-and-spoke networks converging around major airports.

Q. 6 Why is National Democratic Alliance(NDA) III called a “Surplus Majority Coalition”? Explain.

Though called NDA III, the BJP-led coalition of 2014 was largely different from its predecessor coalition governments. Where the previous coalitions were led by one of the national parties, the NDA III coalition was not only steered by a national party, i.e. , BJP it was also dominated by BJP with an absolute majority of its own in Lok Sabha. It was also called a ‘surplus majority coalition’.

Q.7 Highlight any two negative effects of globalisation.

Negative Consequences of Globalisation
(i) Leads to loss for the farmers if the expensive seeds from MNC’s fail their crops.
(ii) Fear of loss of livelihood for the small retailers.

Q.8 Describe any two problems between India and Pakistan.

Cross-border Terrorism 

  • Terrorism emanating from territories under Pakistan’s control remains a core concern in bilateral relations
  • India has consistently stressed the need for Pakistan to take credible, irreversible and verifiable action to end cross border terrorism against India

Indus Waters Treaty

The 115th meeting of Permanent Indus Commission (PIC) was held on August 29 and 30, 2018 in Lahore. The Indian delegation was led by the Indian Commissioner for Indus Water (ICIW), while the Pakistan delegation was led by Pakistan Commissioner of Indus Water (PCIW).

Section B

Q.9 “In the recent coalition politics, the alliance of political parties is not based on ideology.” Justify the statement with examples. 

The statement is justified because in the new era of coalition politics the emphasis on pragmatic considerations rather than ideological positions and political alliance without ideological agreement: 1. Coalition politics has shifted the focus from ideological differences to power-sharing arrangements. 2. Most parties of NDA did not agree with the ‘Hindutva’ ideology of B JP still they came together to form the government and remained in power also for the full term.

Q. 10 Explain the process of democratisation in Nepal. 

The Nepalese democracy movement is a series of political movements from the 20th century to 2008 that advocated the establishment of representative democracy, a multi-party political system and the abolition of monarchy. It has seen three major movements, the Revolution of 1951, Jana Andolan and Loktantra Andolan which ultimately abolished the Shah monarchy, transitioned Nepal towards a republic and reintroduced multi-party bicameral democracy.

The beginning of a national movement for democracy in Nepal was the ousting of the Ranas, the long-established Nepalese royal family, in the mid-20th century which was influenced by ethnic and political developments from the Indian nationalist movement. However, this period of democracy ended in 1960 and the Panchayat system of government was introduced, abolishing recent democratic institutions, banning political parties and restricting some forms of freedom of speech.

Until 2001, the economic and political situation progressed despite corruption, nepotism and the presence of a Maoist insurgency which developed into a nation-wide civil war between the Maoist insurgents and the Government of Nepal. Following the assassination of the Nepalese royal family, King Gyanendra took control of the government and ruled until 2006 through emergency powers enforcing nation-wide oppression of media and civil society Widespread protests headed by a coalition of seven Nepalese Parties alongside the Maoists led to the resignation of the King and the reinstation of the Parliament, the abolishment of monarchy and transitioned Nepal towards a federal republic, marking an end to the country’s civil war.

Section C

Q. 12(a) Highlight any three steps taken by China to improve its economy.

China transformed its economic policy and introduced a new market economy. The new policies proved to be remarkable.

1. It created Socio Economic Zones that raised the trade economy of the country.

2. It privatized its agriculture, which overall raised the economic level of the people.

3. It ensured free and open door policy by investing capital and technology from abroad.

4. It modernized its agriculture, science , industry and technology \sector.

OR

Q.12(b) Highlight any three strengths of the European Union as a centre of power. 

As a supernational organisation, the European Union bears economic, political diplomacy and military influence as a regional organisation in the following manner:
1. Economic Influence:
(а) Three times larger share in world trade than the US.
(b) Its currency Euro, can pose a threat to the dominance of the US dollar.
(c) The EU functions as an important bloc in the World Trade Organisation (WTO).
2. Political and Diplomatic Influences:
(a) Two members of the EU, Britain and France hold permanent seats in the Security Council to influence the UN policies.
(b) The EU also includes various non-permanent members of the UNSC.
(c) The European Union play an influential role in diplomacy and negotiations except the military force i.e. the EU’s dialogue with China on human rights and environmental degradation is remarkable.
3. Military Influence:
(o) The EU’s combined armed fo^fees are second largest in the world.
(b) Its total expenditure on military is second to the US.
(c) Its two important members— Britain and France also experience nuclear ascends of 550 nuclear warheads.
(d) The EU is world’s second most important source of space and communications technology.

Q.13(a) Highlight any three reasons for the opposition parties to come together to form Janata Party in 1977.

The Janata Party was a political party that was founded as an amalgam of Indian political parties opposed to the Emergency that was imposed between 1975 and 1977 by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi of the Indian National Congress. In the 1977 general election, the party defeated the Congress and Janata leader Morarji Desai became the first non-Congress prime minister in independent modern India’s history.

Economic problems, corruption and the conviction of Gandhi led to widespread protests against the Congress (R) government, which responded by imposing a State of Emergency. The rationale was that of preserving national security.

OR

Q.13(b) Was the declaration of emergency in 1975 necessary? Support your answer with any three suitable arguments. 

Yes, the declaration of Emergency in 1975 was necessary.

Arguments:

(i) Internal disturbances and agitations in the country.

(ii) Grave crises had arisen which made the proclamation necessary.

(iii) Political mood of the country had turned hostile.

 

 

CBSE Class 12 Political Science Term 2 Answer Key 2022: FAQs

Q. Where can I get the Class 12 Term 2 Political Science Answer Key 2022?

On this page, you will get the Class 12 Term 2 Political Science Answer Key 2022, check your responses with the answer key, and calculate your marks.

Q. What is the subject code of Political Science Class 12?

The subject code of Class 12 Political Science is 028

Q. What is the exam pattern of Class 12 Term 2 Political Science?

The Class 12 Term 2 Political Science question paper consists of 3 sections. Section A consists of very short answer type questions, Section B consists of short answer type questions while Section C consists of long answer type questions. Class 12 Term 2 Political Science consists of 40 marks.

 

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