NEET Reservation Criteria 2021: OBC,EWS, PWD,SC,ST Revised Reservation Rules in India
Reservation in NEET 2021: New and revised reservation rules for OBC,EWS,PWD,SC,ST and others for undergraduates and post graduates in India were released today i.e. 29th July 2021.
27% Reservation For OBCs And 10% Reservation For EWS in Medical Education NEET-UG, and PG in India.
The Government of India has taken a revolutionary decision in the field of medical education (NEET). National Eligibility cum Entrance Test, Undergraduate and Postgraduate- NEET-UG, PG Admissions 2021 will have reservations from this academic year. The Decision will benefit both undergraduate and postgraduate medical/dental courses (MBBS / MD / MS / Diploma / BDS / MDS) from the current academic year 2021-22 onwards.
This historic and landmark decision for providing 27% reservation for OBCs and 10% reservation for Economically Weaker Section (EWS) in the All India Quota (AIQ) Scheme will help in undergraduate and postgraduate medical/dental courses in NEET-UG, PG Admissions 2021.
Latest News: Who will benefit from Reservation in NEET 2021 Decision?
The reservation in NEET decision 2021, will help approximately 1500 OBC students in MBBS and 2500 OBC students in post-graduation. It will also help around 550 EWS students in MBBS and around 1000 EWS students in post-graduation in India.
Our Government has taken a landmark decision for providing 27% reservation for OBCs and 10% reservation for Economically Weaker Section in the All India Quota Scheme for undergraduate and postgraduate medical/dental courses from the current academic year. https://t.co/gv2EygCZ7N
— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) July 29, 2021
The All India Quota (AIQ) Scheme: NEET Reservation Criteria for 15% AIQ
As per the latest news, NEET 2021 reservation criteria ,15% will be reserved for All India Quota (AIQ) seats.
- The All India Quota (AIQ) Scheme was introduced in 1986.
- AIQ was introduced under the directions of the Hon’ble Supreme Court.
- The scheme was introduced to provide for domicile-free merit-based opportunities to students from any State to aspire to study in a good medical college located in another State.
- In government medical colleges, 15% of total available UG seats and 50% of total available PG seats are available under AIQ(All India Quota)scheme.
During the Initial Phase, there was no reservation in the AIQ Scheme up to 2007. But in 2007, the Hon’ble Supreme Court introduced reservations of 15% for SCs and 7.5% for STs in the AQI Scheme.
In 2007, when the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act became effective in providing for uniform 27% reservation to OBCs, the same was implemented in all the Central Educational Institutions viz. Safdarjung Hospital, Lady Harding Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University and Banaras Hindu University, etc.
But, the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act was not extended to the AQI seats of State medical and dental colleges. Only Central Educational Institutions has awarded the benefit of Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act
Under the AQI Scheme, the Union Government has taken a historic decision to provide for 27% reservation for OBCs and 10% reservation for EWS . Now all the OBC students across the country will be able to take benefit of this reservation policy in the AQI Scheme. It will help all the OBC Students to compete for seats in any State. Being a Central Scheme, the Central List of OBCs shall be used for this reservation. Around 1500 OBC students in MBBS and 2500 in post graduation will be benefited through this reservation.
Latest Update about NEET Reservation 2021: EWS Reservation in India
For the EWS reservation, EWS category in admission to higher educational Institutions, the current government decision will provide benefit to all the students of EWS. In order to provide reservations for economically unreserved students, a Constitutional amendment was made in 2019 which enabled the provision of 10% reservation for the EWS category.
Over the two years in 2019-20 and 2020-21, seats in medical/dental colleges were increased accordingly to accommodate the additional 10% EWS reservation. This step was taken by the government to ensure that the total number of seats available for unreserved categories do not reduce. In the AQI seats, however, this benefit had not been extended so far.
Along with the 27% reservation for OBCs, 10% reservation for EWS is also being extended in AQI seats for all the undergraduate/postgraduate medical/dental courses from the current academic year 2021-22. This will benefit every year around more than 550 EWS students for MBBS and around 1000 EWS students for PG medical courses.
The above decision is the reflection of the Government’s commitment to provide due reservation for backward and EWS category students. This decision is also in sync with the significant reforms carried out in the field of medical education since 2014.
NEET Reservation Criteria- Economically Weaker Section
The NEET 2021 reservation criteria for economically weaker section are listed below :
5 acres of agricultural land and above
Residential flat of 1000 sq ft. and above
Residential plot of 100 sq. yards and above in notified municipalities
Residential plot of 200 sq yards and above in areas others than the notified municipalities
Let’s see more details about economically weaker sections:
- One Hundred and Third Constitutional Amendment act was introduced by the government of India in order to provide reservation to economically weaker sections of unreserved categories.
- This enables the State to provide the benefits of reservation on a preferential basis to the Economically Weaker Sections (EWSs) in civil posts and services in the Government of India and admission in Educational Institutions.
- Articles 15(6) and 16(6) have been inserted in the Constitution, vide the Constitution (One Hundred and Third Amendment) Act, 2019
- 10% reservation under EWS category is applicable to those persons who are not covered under the existing scheme of reservations for the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, and the Socially and Educationally Backward Classes.
During the last six years, MBBS Seats in the country have increased by 56% from 54,348 seats in 2014 to 84,649 seats in 2020 and the number of PG seats has increased by 80% from 30,191seats in 2014 to 54,275 seats in 2020. During the same period, 179 new medical colleges have been established and now the country has 558 (Govt: 289, Pvt: 269) medical colleges.
India’s New Education Policy 2020 is a landmark decision by the present government of India. New Education policy will help to develop the overall development of every child of India. Learning with Skill development will Make India a skillful country.