Table of Contents

The Maharashtra Police Constable, MPSC, SSC and Railway Exam are crucial examinations that require a comprehensive understanding of various Arithmetic topics. To help aspirants prepare effectively, we have compiled a set of 20 competitive-level Arithmetic MCQs covering a wide range of subjects.

## Top 20 Arithmetic MCQs for Maharashtra, SSC and Railway 27 April 2024

These 20 Arithmetic Multiple Choice Questions cover a diverse range of topics relevant to the Maharashtra Police Constable, MPSC Exam 2024, SSC and Railway Exam 2024. Use these questions as a tool to assess your knowledge and enhance your preparation for the upcoming examination. Remember to review the explanations and expand your understanding of each topic to ensure a well-rounded preparation. Best of luck!

- Question: If the price of a book is increased by 20%, by what percentage should the sales price be decreased to bring it back to the original price?

(a) 16%

(b) 20%

(c) 25%

(d) 10%

Solution: Let the original price be 100. Increased price = 100 + 20% = 120. To bring it back to the original price, the sales price should be decreased by 16.67%.

Answer: (a) 16% - Question: If 15% of a number is 45, what is 30% of that number?

(a) 90

(b) 60

(c) 30

(d) 15

Solution: Let the number be “x.” 15% of x = 45. x = 300. 30% of x = 90.

Answer: (a) 90 - Question: A TV was originally priced at $800. It is now being sold at a discount of 20%. What is the discounted price?

(a) $640

(b) $720

(c) $860

(d) $960

Solution: Discounted price = $800 — (20% * $800) = $640.

Answer: (a) $640 - Question: The average of five numbers is 32. If one of the numbers is 45, what is the average of the remaining numbers?

(a) 30

(b) 34

(c) 35

(d) 36

Solution: Average = Sum of numbers / Total numbers. Average = (160 – 45) / 4 = 28.75.

Answer: This question does not have a listed answer choice. - Question: The average of six numbers is 18. If one of the numbers is 24, what is the average of the remaining numbers?

(a) 16

(b) 18

(c) 20

(d) 22

Solution: Average = Sum of numbers / Total numbers. Average = (108 – 24) / 5 = 16.8.

Answer: This question does not have a listed answer choice. - Question: The average age of a family of four is 28 years. If the youngest member is 16 years old, what is the average age of the remaining three members?

(a) 30

(b) 32

(c) 34

(d) 36

Solution: Average = Sum of ages / Total members. Average = (112 – 16) / 3 = 32.

Answer: (b) 32 - Question: If the ratio of apples to oranges in a basket is 3:2 and there are 25 oranges, how many apples are there in the basket?

(a) 15

(b) 20

(c) 30

(d) 40

Solution: For every 2 oranges, there are 3 apples. So, there are (3/2) * 25 = 37.5 apples. Since there can’t be half an apple, the closest whole number is 38.

Answer: This question does not have a listed answer choice. - Question: If the ratio of boys to girls in a classroom is 4:5, and there are 36 boys, how many girls are there in the classroom?

(a) 20

(b) 25

(c) 30

(d) 45

Solution: For every 4 boys, there are 5 girls. So, there are (5/4) * 36 = 45 girls.

Answer: (d) 45 - Question: The ratio of the lengths of two rectangles is 3:4. If the area of the smaller rectangle is 48 square units, what is the area of the larger rectangle?

(a) 64 square units

(b) 72 square units

(c) 96 square units

(d) 128 square units

Solution: Let the lengths of the smaller rectangle be 3x and 4x. The area of the larger rectangle is 12x², which is also 48 square units. So, the area of the larger rectangle is 12 * 4 = 96 square units.

Answer: (c) 96 square units - Question: If John can complete a job in 8 hours and Sarah can complete the same job in 12 hours, how long will it take them to complete the job together?

(a) 3 hours

(b) 4 hours

(c) 5 hours

(d) 6 hours

Solution: John’s work rate = 1/8 job per hour. Sarah’s work rate = 1/12 job per hour. Their combined work rate = 5/24 job per hour. Time taken = 24/5 hours = 4.8 hours.

Answer: (a) 3 hours - Question: If 6 workers can complete a project in 8 hours, how long would it take for 8 workers to finish the same project?

(a) 4 hours

(b) 6 hours

(c) 8 hours

(d) 12 hours

Solution:

Using the formula: (Number of workers) * (Time taken) = Constant

(6 workers) * (8 hours) = (8 workers) * (x hours)

Solving for x, we get x = 6 hours.

Answer: (b) 6 hours - Question: If a machine produces 100 units of a product in 5 hours, how many units can it produce in 10 hours?

(a) 100 units

(b) 150 units

(c) 200 units

(d) 250 units

Solution:

Using the formula: (Number of units) = (Rate of production) * (Time)

(Number of units) = (100 units / 5 hours) * (10 hours) = 200 units

Answer: (c) 200 units - Question: A shopkeeper purchased a shirt for $40 and sold it for $60. What is the profit percentage?

(a) 20%

(b) 33.33%

(c) 50%

(d) 66.67%

Solution:

Profit = Selling Price — Cost Price

Profit = $60 — $40 = $20

Profit Percentage = (Profit / Cost Price) * 100% = (20 / 40) * 100% = 50%

Answer: (c) 50% - Question: If a bookshop sells a book at a loss of 10%, and the cost price of the book is $50, what is the selling price of the book?

(a) $45

(b) $50

(c) $55

(d) $60

Solution:

Loss = Cost Price — Selling Price

10% of Cost Price = $50

Selling Price = Cost Price — Loss = $50 — (0.10 * $50) = $50 — $5 = $45

Answer: (a) $45 - Question: A trader sold a shirt for $180 and incurred a loss of 10%. What was the cost price of the shirt?

(a) $162

(b) $190

(c) $200

(d) $198

Solution:

Loss = 10% of Cost Price

10% of Cost Price = $180

Cost Price = $180 / (10/100) = $180 / 0.10 = $1800 / 10 = $180

Answer: (a) $162 - Question: What is the HCF of 36 and 48?

(a) 6

(b) 12

(c) 18

(d) 24

Solution: To find the HCF, we can use the prime factorization method.

Prime factors of 36: 2² * 3²

Prime factors of 48: 2⁴ * 3¹

The common prime factors are 2² and 3¹. To find the HCF, we take the lowest power of each common prime factor.

HCF = 2² * 3¹ = 4 * 3 = 12

So, the correct answer is (b) 12. - Question: What is the LCM of 15 and 20?

(a) 15

(b) 30

(c) 60

(d) 75

Solution 2:

To find the LCM, we can use the prime factorization method.

Prime factors of 15: 3¹ * 5¹

Prime factors of 20: 2² * 5¹

To find the LCM, we take the highest power of each prime factor.

LCM = 2² * 3¹ * 5¹ = 4 * 3 * 5 = 60

So, the correct answer is (c) 60. - Question: If the HCF of two numbers is 8 and their LCM is 48, what are the two numbers?

(a) 6 and 8

(b) 12 and 16

(c) 8 and 48

(d) 16 and 24

Solution: Let the two numbers be a and b. We can use the formula: HCF x LCM = a x b.

Given HCF = 8 and LCM = 48, we can substitute these values into the formula:

8 x 48 = a x b

384 = a x b

Now, we need to find two numbers whose product is 384 and whose HCF is 8. The numbers are 8 and 48 because 8 x 48 = 384, and their HCF is indeed 8.

So, the correct answer is (c) 8 and 48. - Question: What is the HCF of 72 and 90?

(a) 6

(b) 9

(c) 18

(d) 36

Solution: To find the HCF, we can use the prime factorization method.

Prime factors of 72: 2³ * 3²

Prime factors of 90: 2¹ * 3² * 5¹

The common prime factors are 2¹ and 3². To find the HCF, we take the lowest power of each common prime factor.

HCF = 2¹ * 3² = 2 * 9 = 18

So, the correct answer is (c) 18 - Question: If the LCM of two numbers is 120 and one of the numbers is 24, what is the other number?

(a) 5

(b) 10

(c) 15

(d) 20

Solution:

Let the other number be x. We can use the formula: LCM = (a x (b) / HCF.

Given LCM = 120, one number is 24, and we know that HCF is 24 (since 24 is a factor of itself).

So, we can substitute these values into the formula:

120 = (24 x x) / 24

Now, solve for x:

120 = x

So, the other number is 120.

So, the correct answer is (d) 120

**Top 20 Arithmetic MCQs – Download Free PDF**

मराठी |
वेब लिंक |
ॲप लिंक |

टॉप 20 अंकगणित MCQ | क्लिक करा |
क्लिक करा |

महाराष्ट्रातील सर्व स्पर्धा परीक्षांसाठी ऑनलाईन क्लास, व्हिडिओ कोर्स, टेस्ट सिरीज, पुस्तके आणि इतर अभ्यास साहित्य खाली दिलेल्या लिंक वर क्लिक करून मिळवा.