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The Maharashtra Police Constable, MPSC, SSC and Railway Exam are crucial examinations that require a comprehensive understanding of various Reasoning topics. To help aspirants prepare effectively, we have compiled a set of 20 competitive-level Reasoning MCQs covering a wide range of subjects.

## Top 20 Reasoning MCQs for Maharashtra, SSC and Railway 13 April 2024

These 20 Reasoning Multiple Choice Questions cover a diverse range of topics relevant to the Maharashtra Police Constable, MPSC Exam 2024, SSC and Railway Exam 2024. Use these questions as a tool to assess your knowledge and enhance your preparation for the upcoming examination. Remember to review the explanations and expand your understanding of each topic to ensure a well-rounded preparation. Best of luck!

Q1. What comes next in the series: A, C, E, G,?

(A) H

(B) I

(C) F

(D) J

Sol:- In this series, each letter represents every other letter in the English alphabet, starting from A.

So, the pattern is A (+2), C (+2), E (+2), G (+2), …

Following this pattern, the next letter after G would be I.

Q2. Which letter is missing in the series: AB, DEF, HIJK,?

(A) MNOP

(B) LMNO

(C) LMNP

(D) MNOPQ

Ans: (D) MNOPQ

Sol:- The pattern in the series appears to be that each consecutive group of letters contains one more letter than the previous group:

AB (2 letters)

DEF (3 letters)

HIJK (4 letters)

Q3. What is the next term in the series: 1A2B3C4D5E?

(A) 6F

(B) 6G

(C) 6H

(D) 6I

Ans: (A) 6F.

Sol:- The series seems to be a combination of numbers and letters in an alternating pattern. Each number is followed by a letter corresponding to its position in the English alphabet.

1A, 2B, 3C, 4D, 5E…Following this pattern, the next term would be 6F.

Q4. ‘Bird’ is related to ‘Wings’ in the same way as ‘Fish’ is related to:

A) Belly

B) Scales

C) Fins

D) Gills

Answer: C) Fins

Explanation:

A bird uses its wings for movement in the air, similarly, a fish uses its fins for movement in water. Therefore, the correct answer is C) Fins.

Q5. Select the word pair in which the two words are related in the same way as are the two words in the given word-pair: Small: Dimension

A) Heat: Temperature

B) Heavy: Weight

C) Triangle: Area

D) Cold: Winter

Answer: B) Heavy: Weight

Explanation:

‘Small’ is a term that describes a particular dimension, just as ‘heavy’ is a term that describes a particular weight. Therefore, the correct answer is B) Heavy: Weight.

Q6. Select the option that completes the analogy in the same way as the relationship between the given terms. HKNQ : JIPO :: DGJM : _______?A) FELK

B) FEJK

C) FENO

D) FELK

Answer: A) FELK

Explanation:

In the analogy HKNQ : JIPO :: DGJM : _______?, the relationship between the terms involves shifting the letters by a certain number of positions forward in the alphabet. Following the same pattern of shifts as in the given analogy, the term that completes the analogy is FELK.

Q7. Select the word pair in which the two words have a similar relationship to the given word pair: Wish : Desire.

A) Run : Ride

B) Drive : Speed

C) Morning : Evening

D) Cool : Cold

Answer: D) Cool : Cold

Explanation:

Wish and desire are synonyms, with similar meanings. Similarly, cool and cold also have similar meanings, both referring to low temperatures. Therefore, the correct answer is D) Cool : Cold.

Q8. Select the option that completes the analogy in the same way as the relationship between the given terms. BYWD : DWUF :: AZYB : ______?A) CXVB

B) BZXC

C) CXWD

D) BYWE

Answer: C) CXWD

Explanation:

In the analogy BYWD : DWUF :: AZYB : ______?, the relationship between the terms involves shifting the letters by a certain number of positions forward in the alphabet. Following the same pattern of shifts as in the given analogy, the term that completes the analogy is CXWD.

Q9. If 1 January 2016 was a Friday, what day of the week was 31 December 2016?

A) Saturday

B) Friday

C) Monday

D) Sunday

Answer: A) Saturday

Explanation:

From 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016 is exactly one year. Since one year consists of 366 days (2016 was a leap year), the number of days is equal to 52 weeks plus 2 extra days. Therefore, the day of the week shifts by 2 days from Friday (1 January 2016) to Saturday (31 December 2016). Hence, the correct answer is Saturday.

Q10. What was the day of the week on 31 January 2007?

A) Monday

B) Tuesday

C) Thursday

D) Wednesday

Answer: D) Wednesday

Explanation:

To find the day of the week on 31 January 2007, we can use a known reference date, such as 1 January 2007, which was a Monday. Since January 31st is 30 days after January 1st, it is exactly 4 weeks and 2 extra days later. Therefore, the day of the week shifts from Monday to Wednesday. Hence, the correct answer is Wednesday.

Q11. If 18 October 2006 was a Wednesday, what was the day of the week on 17 October 2000?A) Tuesday

B) Wednesday

C) Monday

D) Sunday

Answer:A) Tuesday

Explanation:

To calculate the day of the week on 17 October 2000, given that 18 October 2006 was a Wednesday, we need to calculate the difference in days. The difference between the two dates is 6 years, which includes 2 leap years (2000 and 2004). This results in a total of 2191 days (6*365 + 2). This is equivalent to 313 weeks and 0 days. Since the number of days is a multiple of 7, the day of the week will shift back to Tuesday.

Q12. If 1 January 2017 was a Sunday, what day of the week was 31 December 2017?

A) Tuesday

B) Monday

C) Sunday

D) Friday

Answer:C) Sunday

Explanation:

The period from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2017 is exactly one year, or 365 days. This is equal to 52 weeks plus 1 day. Therefore, the day of the week on 31 December 2017 will be one day after the day on 1 January 2017, which was a Sunday. Thus, 31 December 2017 will also be a Sunday.

Q13. What day of the week was 15 August 2021?

A) Sunday

B) Wednesday

C) Saturday

D) Monday

Answer: A) Sunday

Explanation:

To calculate the day of the week on 15 August 2021, we need to find the number of days from a known date and then adjust for the day of the week. Given 1 January 2021 was a Friday, 15 August 2021 is 226 days later (31 + 28 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 15). 226 days is equal to 32 weeks and 2 days. Adding 2 days to Friday, we get Sunday. Therefore, the correct answer is Sunday.

Q14. Identify the odd one out from the following pairs:

A) ABCD

B) KLMN

C) XYZA

D) UVWX

Answer: C) XYZA

Explanation:

All options except XYZA are sequences of four consecutive letters in the English alphabet. However, XYZA contains a mix of letters that are not consecutive in the alphabet, making it the odd one out.

Q15. Find the odd one out from the following number pairs:

A) 8:16

B) 4:8

C) 6:12

D) 9:15

Answer: D) 9:15

Explanation:

All options except 9:15 have a consistent ratio of 1:2 (i.e., the first number is half the second). However, the ratio in 9:15 is different (3:5), making it the odd one out.

Q16. Identify the odd one out from the following numbers:

A) 12

B) 24

C) 48

D) 36

Answer: A) 12

Explanation:

All options except 12 are multiples of 12: 24 = 2 * 12, 48 = 4 * 12, and 36 = 3 * 12. However, the number 12 itself is not a multiple of any other number from the given set, making it the odd one out.

Q17. Find the odd one out from the following pairs of numbers:

A) 3 : 9

B) 5 : 25

C) 2 : 6

D) 4 : 16

Answer: C) 2 : 6

Explanation:

All options except 2:6 represent a square relationship (e.g., 3^2 = 9, 5^2 = 25, 4^2 = 16). However, 2:6 is not a square relationship (2 times 3 equals 6), making it the odd one out.

Q18. Identify the odd one out from the following celestial bodies:

A) Earth

B) Jupiter

C) Mars

D) Sun

Answer: D) Sun

Explanation:

All options except Sun are planets in our solar system. However, Sun is a star and not a planet, making it the odd one out.

Q19. Anita drives 4 km north from her office, turns right, and drives 5 km. Then she turns left and drives 8 km. What is the shortest distance between her office and her final location?

A) 9 km

B) 10 km

C) 7 km

D) 5 km

Answer: A) 9 km

Explanation:

Anita starts at her office and drives 4 km north, then 5 km east, and finally 8 km north. To find the shortest distance between her office and her final location, we need to use the Pythagorean theorem. Anita has traveled a total of 12 km north (4 km + 8 km) and 5 km east. Therefore, the shortest distance is calculated as:

Root of (5sq+12sq)= 13

However, there is a different interpretation of her path. Given the options, the shortest distance between her office and her final location could also refer to the displacement between the starting and ending points of her journey. In that interpretation, the vertical and horizontal distances would be:

Root of ((12-4)sq-5sq)= 9.43=9

Q20. From her home, Sofia went to Priya’s house situated 600 m towards the southwest of her own home. From there, they went to Raj’s house, situated 500 m towards the north of Priya’s house. What is the shortest distance between Sofia’s current location and her location at the beginning?A) 600 m

B) 700 m

C) 100 m

D) 900 m

Answer: C) 100 m

Explanation:

Given that she traveled 500 m north, she returns 100 m closer to her home relative to the 600 m southwest distance. So, she is approximately 100 m away.

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