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Top 20 History MCQs | Maharashtra, SSC and Railway Exams

The Maharashtra Police Constable, MPSC, SSC and Railway Exam are crucial examinations that require a comprehensive understanding of various History topics. To help aspirants prepare effectively, we have compiled a set of 20 competitive-level History MCQs covering a wide range of subjects.

Top 20 History MCQs for Maharashtra, SSC and Railway 11 April 2024

These 20 History Multiple Choice Questions cover a diverse range of topics relevant to the Maharashtra Police Constable, MPSC Exam 2024, SSC and Railway Exam 2024. Use these questions as a tool to assess your knowledge and enhance your preparation for the upcoming examination. Remember to review the explanations and expand your understanding of each topic to ensure a well-rounded preparation. Best of luck!

Q1. Who was the ruler of Pratihara dynasty?

  1. Rashtrakuta
  2. Chola
  3. Pratihara
  4. Chalukya

Answer: Pratihara
Mihira Bhoja (836–885 CE) or Bhoja I was a ruler of the Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty of India. Bhoja was a devotee of Vishnu and adopted the title of Adivaraha, inscribed on some of his coins. The Tripartite struggle among Pratihara, Rashtrakuta, and Palas over Kannauj.

Q2. Which Pratihara ruler built the present-day city of Bhopal?

  1. Mahendra Bhoja
  2. Rajyapala
  3. Vijayasena
  4. Mihir Bhoja

Answer: Mihir Bhoja
The greatest ruler of the Pratihara dynasty was Mihir Bhoja. He built the city Bhojpal (Bhopal), originally known as Bhojpal. The modern Bhopal city was established by Dost Mohammad Khan (1672–1728).

Q3.What were the settlements of peasants under the Chola Dynasty known as?

  1. Nadu
  2. Muvendavelan
  3. Ur
  4. Taluka

Answer: Ur
Settlements of the peasants, known as ‘ur,’ became prosperous with the spread of irrigation and agriculture. Groups of such villages formed larger units called ‘nadu.’

Q4. Who founded the Vikramasila University?

  1. Ashoka
  2. Dharmapala
  3. Chandragupta-I
  4. Bimbisara

Answer: Dharmapala
Vikramashila was founded by Pala king Dharmapala in the late 8th or early 9th century. It prospered for about four centuries before being destroyed by Bakhtiyar Khilji along with other major centers of Buddhism in India around 1193.

Q5. Who was the founder of the Chalukya dynasty?

  1. Narasimhavarman
  2. Mangalesa
  3. Kirtivarman
  4. Pulakesin I

Answer: Pulakesin I
The Chalukya dynasty was established by Pulakeshin I in 543 A.D. Pulakeshin I took Vatapi (modern Badami in Bagalkot district, Karnataka) under his control and made it his capital.

Q6. Which dynasty built the Pancha Rathas of Mahabalipuram?

  1. Chera
  2. Pallava
  3. Satavahana
  4. Chola

Answer: Pallava
Pancha Rathas are monolithic chariot structures at Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu. They were constructed during the reign of Pallava Kings Mahendravarman I and Narasimhavarman I. Each ratha is named after the Pandavas of the Mahabharata fame.

Q7. What was the capital of Magadha before the 4th century BCE?

  1. Rajagriha
  2. Pataliputra
  3. Varanasi
  4. Mathura

Answer: Rajagriha
Rajagriha was the capital of Magadha before 425 BCE, while Pataliputra became the capital after 425 BCE.

Q8. Ajatshatru, a ruler of the Haryanka Dynasty, was the son of whom?

  1. Naga-Dasak
  2. Udayin
  3. Anurudha
  4. Bimbisara

Answer: Bimbisara
Ajatashatru (492 to 460 BCE or early 4th century BCE) was a king of the Haryanka dynasty of Magadha in East India. He was the son of King Bimbisara and was a contemporary of both Mahavira (Nigantha Nataputta) and Gautama Buddha.

Q9. Which of the following is NOT one of the monarchical states that existed in the 7th and early 6th centuries BC in India?

  1. Magadha
  2. Vaishali
  3. Avanti
  4. Kosala

Answer: Kosala
Ayodhya was the capital of Kosala during the reign of Ikshvaku and his descendants. Shravasti is recorded as the capital of Kosala during the Mahajanapada period (6th–5th centuries BCE), but post-Maurya (2nd–1st centuries BCE) kings issued their coins from Ayodhya.

Q10. The monuments of Khajuraho in the state of Madhya Pradesh are fine denotations of which dynasty?

  1. Chola
  2. Chalukya
  3. Chandela
  4. Pallava

Answer: Chandela
The monuments of Khajuraho in the state of Madhya Pradesh are fine denotations of the Chandela dynasty between 950 and 1050 AD. The Chandela dynasty ruled over the Bundelkhand region of India between the 9th and 13th centuries.

Q11. Who was the last ruler of the Nanda dynasty?

  1. Dhanananda
  2. Panduka
  3. Govishanaka
  4. Kaivarta

Answer:  Dhanananda

Q12. Which temple is an example of the Chola empire?

  1. Badami cave temple
  2. Chennakesava temple
  3. Airavatesvara temple
  4. Virupaksha temple

Answer: Airavatesvara temple

Q13. Vikramshila University was founded by which Pala King?

  1. Rajendra Chola
  2. Pulakeshin I
  3. Mihira Bhoja
  4. Dharmapala

Answer: Dharmapala

Q14.Where did the Badami Chalukyas first establish their capital?

  1. Pattadakal
  2. Aihole
  3. Hubli
  4. Bijapur

Answer: Aihole

Q15. What form of administration was practiced in Vaishali, including its capital Vajji?

  1. Socialism
  2. Democracy
  3. Gana or Sangha
  4. Panchayati

Answer: Gana or Sangha

Q16. Who was the first ruler of Magadha from the Haryanka dynasty?

  1. Bimbisara
  2. Prasenajit
  3. Ashoka
  4. Ajatshatru

Answer: Bimbisara

Q17.Who commissioned the construction of the Khajuraho group of Monuments?

  1. Solankis
  2. Gahadavalas
  3. Chalukyas
  4. Chandellas

Answer: Chandellas

Q18.What did the term ‘shalabhoga’ refer to in revenue administration under the Imperial Cholas?

  1. Land donated for the maintenance of irrigation facilities
  2. A newly settled village
  3. Land donated for the maintenance of the school
  4. Land donated to a warrior

Answer: Land donated for the maintenance of the school

Q19.The present-day city of Bhopal was built by which Pratihara ruler?

  1. Mahendra Bhoja
  2. Rajyapala
  3. Vijayasena
  4. Mihir Bhoja

Answer: Mihir Bhoja

Q20.How many great powers (Mahajanpadas) existed during the lifetime of Lord Gautam Buddha?

  1. 16
  2. 13
  3. 11
  4. 17

Answer: 16

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