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Top 20 Geography MCQs | Maharashtra, SSC and Railway Exams | Download PDF

The Maharashtra Police Constable, MPSC, SSC and Railway Exam are crucial examinations that require a comprehensive understanding of various Geography topics. To help aspirants prepare effectively, we have compiled a set of 20 competitive-level Geography MCQs covering a wide range of subjects.

Top 20 Geography MCQs for Maharashtra, SSC and Railway 20 April 2024

These 20 Geography Multiple Choice Questions cover a diverse range of topics relevant to the Maharashtra Police Constable, MPSC Exam 2024, SSC and Railway Exam 2024. Use these questions as a tool to assess your knowledge and enhance your preparation for the upcoming examination. Remember to review the explanations and expand your understanding of each topic to ensure a well-rounded preparation. Best of luck!

Q1. Which of the following statements regarding the Geological Structure of India is/are correct?
I. Sedimentary rocks, which form fertile soil, are found in regions like the Gangetic plain due to sediment deposition.
II. During the Jurassic period, Gondwanaland fragmented into peninsular India, Madagascar, Australia, and Antarctic(a)
(a) Only I
(b) Only II
(c) Both I and II
(d) Neither I nor II
Ans: (c) Both I and II
Q2. Which of the following is NOT one of the geological eras of Earth?
(a) Azoic (Non-living era)
(b) Paleozoic
(c) Mesozoic
(d) Cambrian
Ans: (d) Cambrian
Q3. During which geological era did the continental shelf originate?
(a) Neozoic era
(b) Paleozoic
(c) Mesozoic
(d) Cambrian
Ans: (b) Paleozoic
Q4. Which of the following statements is NOT correct?
(a) Trophic levels represent energy levels in a food chain.
(b) Primary production is relatively low in deep oceans.
(c) Autotrophs are primary producers, not primary consumers.
(d) Decomposers, also known as saprotrophs, break down organic matter.
Ans: (c) Autotrophs are primary consumer.
Q5. What term describes the state of inactivity adopted by desert animals during the hottest and driest season?
(a) Basal metabolism
(b) Dormancy
(c) Aestivation
(d) Hibernation
Ans: (c) Aestivation
Q6. Which statement correctly distinguishes between biotic and abiotic resources?
(a) They are all non-renewable, with biotic resources being renewable.
(b) All abiotic resources are non-renewable, but some biotic resources are also non-renewable.
(c) Some abiotic resources are renewable, but biotic resources are always renewable.
(d) Some abiotic resources are renewable, while some biotic resources are non-renewable.
Ans: (b) All abiotic resources are non-renewable, but some biotic resources are non-renewable.
Q7. Which location is renowned for the endangered Ridley turtles?
(a) Gahirmatha
(b) Sagarmatha
(c) Lakshadweep islands
(d) Andaman and Nicobar group of islands
Ans: (a) Gahirmatha
Q8. What is the primary focus of the ‘Rally for Valley’ program in India?
(a) Environmental degradation
(b) Biodiversity
(c) Resettlement of displaced people
(d) Loss of agricultural land
Ans: (a) Environmental degradation
Q9. Which research program was the first to concentrate on the El Nino-Southern Oscillation and its predictability?
(a) Climate Variability and Predictability
(b) Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX)
(c) Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystem (GCTE)
(d) Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere (TOGA)
Ans: (a) Climate Variability and Predictability
Q10. Which ministry oversees the functions of the National River Conservation Directorate?
(a) Agriculture Ministry
(b) Environment and Forests Ministry
(c) Science and Technology Ministry
(d) Water Resources Ministry
Ans: (b) Environment and Forests Ministry
Q11. Which state is NOT crossed by the Tropic of Cancer?
(a) Rajasthan
(b) Chhattisgarh
(c) Odisha
(d) Tripura
Answer: C
Q12. What is the easternmost longitude of India?
(a) 97° 25′ E
(b) 77° 6′ E
(c) 68° 7′ E
(d) 82° 32′ E
Answer: C
Q13. Which country shares a common border with Indian states like Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim?
(a) China
(b) Nepal
(c) Bhutan
(d) Myanmar
Answer: B
Q14. If you choose Kavarati for a summer vacation, which Indian Union Territory are you visiting?
(a) Pondicherry
(b) Andaman and Nicobar
(c) Lakshadweep
(d) Diu and Daman
Answer: C
Q15. Which country does NOT share a land boundary with India?
(a) Bhutan
(b) Bangladesh
(c) Tajikistan
(d) NepalAnswer: C
Q16. What is another name for the Southernmost Himalayas?
(a) Siwaliks
(b) Himadri
(c) Himachal
(d) None of the above
Answer: A
Q17. What is the alternative name for the Sahyadris?
(a) Aravali
(b) Western Ghats
(c) Himadri
(d) None of the above
Answer: B
Q18. Where is the Palk Strait located?
(a) Sri Lanka and Maldives
(b) India and Sri Lanka
(c) India and Maldives
(d) Both A & B
Answer: B
Q19. Which name is popularly used for the Indian islands in the Arabian Sea?
(a) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
(b) Lakshadweep Islands
(c) Maldives
(d) Both A & D
Answer: B
Q20. Which is the oldest mountain range in India?
(a) Aravali Mountains
(b) Western Ghats
(c) Himalayas
(d) Both A & C
Answer: (a)

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