The AFCAT is conducted for NonTechnical candidates. AFCAT is an online exam with objectivetype questions, having multiple options. Questions will be in English only and cover these four sections: Verbal Ability, General Awareness, Reasoning and Numerical Ability and Military Aptitude Test.
The EKT exam is an Engineer knowledge test. This test is only for candidates who opt for Ground duty technical branch. Candidates will be given 45 minutes to solve 50 questions in the EKT test. The maximum marks allotted to the exam are 150. The EKT test will carry questions from Mechanical, Computer Science and Electrical & Electronics.
In this article, we will discuss the detailed EKT Syllabus. Click Here for the AFCAT Syllabus.
AFCAT EKT Syllabus 2023
EKT is Engineering Knowledge Test conducted for candidates opting for Ground Duty (Technical) branch. The syllabus of EKT comprises topics from Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Mechanical and Computer Science Engineering.
Detailed Subject wise EKT syllabus is as follows:
AFCAT EKT Computer Science Syllabus
Fundamental Engineering 
 Engineering Physics
 Engineering Mathematics
 Engineering Drawing

Specialised branch topics 
 Information Technology
 Network Theory Design
 Analog and Digital Electronics
 Computer Networks
 Switching Theory
 Electronic Devices

Allied Engineering Topics 
 Control Engineering
 Telecommunication Systems
 Electrical Engineering
 Radar Theory
 Instrumentation
 Antenna and Wave Propagation
 Microwave Engineering

Fundamental Engineering
1. Engineering Mathematics. Matrix Algebra, Eigen values and Eigen vectors, Theorems of integral calculus, Partial derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems. First order differential equation (linear and nonlinear), Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Complex variables, Taylor’s and Laurent’ series, Sampling theorems, Mean, Median, Mode and Standard deviation, Random variables, Discrete and Continuous distributions, Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Ztransform.
2. Engineering Physics. Units for measurement, Description of Motion in One, Two and Three dimensions, Laws of Motion, Work, Energy and Power, Rotational Motion, Gravitation, Heat and Thermodynamics, Electrostatics, Electric Current, Magnetic Effect of Currents, Magnetism, Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents and Electromagnetic Waves, Ray Optics and Optical Instruments.
3. Engineering Drawing. Projection of straight line, planes and solids, Intersection of surfaces, Isometric Projection, Sectional Views of solids, Full section, Introduction to ComputerAided Drafting.
Specialization Branch Topics
4. Analog and Digital Electronics. Characteristics of diodes, BJT, FET, JFET and MOSFET, Amplifiers – biasing, equivalent circuit and frequency response, Oscillators and feedback amplifiers, Operational amplifiers – characteristics and applications, Simple active filters, VCOs and timers, Combinational and sequential logic circuits, Multiplexer, Schmitt trigger, Multivibrators, Sample and hold circuits, A/D and D/A converters, 8bit microprocessor basics, architecture, programming and interfacing.
5. Electronic Devices. Energy bands in Silicon, Intrinsic and extrinsic Silicon, Carrier transport in Silicon – diffusion current, drift current, mobility, and resistivity. Generation and recombination of carriers, pn junction diode, Zener diode, tunnel diode, BJT, JFET, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, PIN and avalanche photo diode, Basics of LASER.
6. Computer Networks. ISO/OSI stack, LAN technologies (Ethernet, Token ring), Flow and error control techniques, Congestion control, TCP/UDP and sockets, IPv4, Application layer protocols (icmp, dns, smtp, pop, ftp, http), Basic concepts of hubs, switches, gateways, and routers. Network security – basic concepts of public key and private key cryptography, digital signature, firewalls. Basic concepts of clientserver computing.
7. Network Theory Design. Thevenin’s, Norton’s, Reciprocity, Superposition, Compensation, Miller’s, Tellegen’s and Maximum power transfer theorems. Impulse, step, ramp and sinusoidal response analysis of first order and second order circuits. Two port parameters and their interrelations, Application of Laplace transform and Fourier series in the context of network analysis, Network synthesis.
8. Switching Theory. Traffic definitions, Introduction to switching networks, classification of switching systems. Grade of Service and blocking probability, Basics of Circuit switching and packet switching. Network traffic load and parameters, Modelling of switching systems, Incoming traffic and service time characterisation, Blocking models and loss estimates, Delay systems – Markovian queuing model, M/M/1 model, Limited queue capacity, Multiple server, Finite sources, Queue discipline.
9. Information Technology. Operating System – Processes, threads, interprocess communication, Concurrency, Synchronization, Deadlock, CPU scheduling, Memory management and virtual memory, File systems, I/O systems, Protection and security. RDBMS – ERmodel, Relational model (relational algebra, tuple calculus), Database design (integrity constraints, normal forms), Query languages (SQL), File structures (sequential files, indexing, B and B+ trees), Transactions and concurrency control. Software engineering – Information gathering, requirement and feasibility analysis, data flow diagrams, process specifications, input/output design, process life cycle, planning and managing the project, design, coding, testing, implementation, maintenance. Programming in C, Object Oriented Programming, basics of computer graphics.
Allied Engineering
10. Electrical Engineering. Single phase transformer – equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, tests, regulation and efficiency, Autotransformer, Energy conversion principles, DC machines – types, windings, generator characteristics, armature reaction and commutation; Servo and stepper motors, Synchronous machines, Generators –regulation and parallel operation.
11. Control Engineering. Application of open loop and closed loop systems, Principles of feedback, Determination of transfer function by block diagram reduction method, Time domain analysis of first and second order systems, transient and steadystate errors, damping and oscillations.
12. Telecommunication Systems. Analog communication – amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation systems, Superheterodyne receivers, signaltonoise ratio (SNR), Fundamentals of information theory and channel capacity theorem. Digital communication systems – Pulse Code Modulation (PCM), Differential Pulse Code Modulation (DPCM), Digital modulation schemes: amplitude, phase and frequency shift keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK), Basics of TDMA, FDMA and CDMA. Fundamentals of mobile communication. Fundamentals of optical fibre communication.
13. Microwave Engineering. Wave guides, Klystrons, Travelling Wave Tubes, Magnetron, Introduction to microstrip lines, Microwave semiconductor devices, Monolithic microwave integrated circuits.
14. Antenna and Wave Propagation. Antenna parameters, Effective length and aperture, Gain, Beamwidth, Directivity, Radiation resistance, Efficiency, Polarization, Impedance and Directional characteristics of antenna, Reflection, refraction, interference and diffraction of radio waves. Fundamentals ground wave, space wave, sky wave and troposcatter propagation.
15. Radar Theory. Radar range equation, Frequencies of operation, Fundamentals of Moving Target Indicator (MTI), Pulse Doppler Radar, Tracking radar.
16. Instrumentation. Accuracy, precision and repeatability, Electronic instruments for measuring basic parameters, Theory of Oscilloscopes, Signal generators, Signal analysers, Characteristics and construction of transducers.
AFCAT EKT Syllabus for Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Please check the AFCAT EKT Syllabus for Electrical and Electronics Engineering below –
Fundamental Engineering Syllabus 
 Engineering Physics
 Engineering Mathematics
 Engineering Drawing

Specialized Branch Topics 
 Microwave Engineering
 Analog and Digital Electronics
 Electronic Devices
 Telecommunication Systems
 Microwave Engineering
 Control Engineering
 Electrical Engineering

Allied Engineering Topics 
 Switching Theory
 Computer Networks
 Radar Theory
 Network Theory Design
 Instrumentation
 Information Technology

Fundamental Engineering
1. Engineering Mathematics. Matrix Algebra, Eigen values and Eigen vectors, Theorems of integral calculus, Partial derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems. First order differential equation (linear and nonlinear), Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Complex variables, Taylor’s and Laurent’ series, Sampling theorems, Mean, Median, Mode and Standard deviation, Random variables, Discrete and Continuous distributions, Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Ztransform.
2. Engineering Physics. Units for measurement, Description of Motion in One, Two and Three dimensions, Laws of Motion, Work, Energy and Power, Rotational Motion, Gravitation, Heat and Thermodynamics, Electrostatics, Electric Current, Magnetic Effect of Currents, Magnetism, Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents and Electromagnetic Waves, Ray Optics and Optical Instruments.
3. Engineering Drawing. Projection of straight line, planes and solids, Intersection of surfaces, Isometric Projection, Sectional Views of solids, Full section, Introduction to ComputerAided Drafting.
Specialization Branch Topics
4. Analog and Digital Electronics. Characteristics of diodes, BJT, FET, JFET and MOSFET, Amplifiers – biasing, equivalent circuit and frequency response, Oscillators and feedback amplifiers, Operational amplifiers – characteristics and applications, Simple active filters, VCOs and timers, Combinational and sequential logic circuits, Multiplexer, Schmitt trigger, Multivibrators, Sample and hold circuits, A/D and D/A converters, 8bit microprocessor basics, architecture, programming and interfacing.
5. Electrical Engineering. Single phase transformer – equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, tests, regulation and efficiency, Three phase transformers – connections, parallel operation, Autotransformer; Energy conversion principles, DC machines – types, windings, generator characteristics, armature reaction and commutation, starting and speed control of motors, Single phase and Three phase induction motors – principles, types, performance characteristics, starting and speed control, Starting motors, Servo and stepper motors, Synchronous machines Generators – performance, regulation and parallel operation.
6. Electronic Devices. Energy bands in Silicon, Intrinsic and extrinsic Silicon, Carrier transport in Silicon – diffusion current, drift current, mobility, and resistivity. Generation and recombination of carriers, pn junction diode, Zener diode, tunnel diode, BJT, JFET, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, PIN and avalanche photo diode, Basics of LASER. Device technology – integrated circuits fabrication process, oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation, photolithography, ntub, ptub and twintub CMOS process.
7. Control Engineering. Application of open loop and closed loop systems, Principles of feedback, Determination of transfer function by block diagram reduction method, Time domain analysis of first and second order systems, transient and steadystate errors, damping and oscillations, Routh and Nyquist techniques, Bode plots, Root loci, Lag, lead and leadlag compensation, State space model, State transition matrix, Controllability and observability.
8. Telecommunication Systems. Random signals and noise – probability, random variables, probability density function, autocorrelation, power spectral density. Analog communication – amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation systems, spectral analysis of these operations, superheterodyne receivers, elements of hardware, realisations of analog communication systems, signaltonoise ratio (SNR) calculations for AM and FM. Fundamentals of information theory and channel capacity theorem. Digital communication systems – Pulse Code Modulation (PCM), Differential Pulse Code Modulation (DPCM), Digital modulation schemes: amplitude, phase and frequency shift keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK), Matched filter receivers, Bandwidth consideration and probability of error calculations for these schemes. Basics of TDMA, FDMA and CDMA. Fundamentals of mobile communication. Fundamentals of optical fibre communication.
9. Microwave Engineering. Wave guides, Waveguide components, Klystrons, Travelling Wave Tubes, Magnetron, Microwave measurements, Introduction to microstrip lines, Microwave network analysis, Microwave semiconductor devices, Monolithic microwave integrated circuits.
10. Antenna and Wave Propagation. Antenna parameters, Radiation from a current element in free space, Reciprocity theorem, Resonant and nonresonant antenna, Effective length and aperture, gain, beamwidth, directivity, radiation resistance, efficiency, polarization, impedance and directional characteristics of antenna, antenna temperature. Phased array antenna, Mechanism of radio wave propagation, Reflection, refraction, interference and diffraction of radio waves. Theory of ground wave, space wave, sky wave and troposcatter propagation.
Allied Engineering Topics
11. Instrumentation. Accuracy, precision and repeatability, Electronic instruments for measuring basic parameters, Theory of Oscilloscopes, Signal generators, Signal analysers, Characteristics and construction of transducers.
12. Computer Networks. ISO/OSI stack, LAN technologies (Ethernet, Token ring), Flow and error control techniques, Congestion control, TCP/UDP and sockets, IPv4, Application layer protocols (icmp, dns, smtp, pop, ftp, http); Basic concepts of hubs, switches, gateways, and routers.
13. Network Theory Design. Thevenin’s, Norton’s, Reciprocity, Superposition, Compensation, Miller’s, Tellegen’s and Maximum power transfer theorems. Impulse, step, ramp and sinusoidal response analysis of first order and second order circuits. Two port parameters and their interrelations, Application of Laplace transform and Fourier series in the context of network analysis, Network synthesis.
14. Switching Theory. Traffic definitions, Introduction to switching networks, classification of switching systems. Grade of Service, Basics of Circuit switching and packet switching.
15. Information Technology. Fundamentals of operating system, RDBMS terminologies, Object Oriented Programming, Basics of computer graphics.
16. Radar Theory. Radar range equation, Frequencies of operation, fundamentals of Moving Target Indicator (MTI), Pulse Doppler Radar, Tracking radar.
AFCAT EKT Syllabus for Mechanical Engineering
Check the AFCAT EKT Syllabus for Mechanical Engineering below –
Fundamental Engineering syllabus 
 Engineering Physics
 Engineering Mathematics
 Engineering Drawing/ Engineering Graphics

Specialised Branch topics 
 Thermodynamics
 Fluid Mechanics/Hydraulic Machines
 Engineering Mechanics
 Materials Science
 Thermodynamics
 Manufacturing Science
 Machine Drawing

Allied Engineering Topics 
 Aerodynamics
 Flight Mechanics
 Aircraft Structures
 Power Plant Engineering.
 Industrial Engineering
 Automotive Engineering

2. Engineering Physics. Units for measurement, Description of Motion in One, Two and Three dimensions, Laws of Motion, Work, Energy and Power, Rotational Motion, Gravitation, Heat and Thermodynamics, Electrostatics, Electric Current, Magnetic Effect of Currents, Magnetism, Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents and Electromagnetic Waves, Ray Optics and Optical Instruments.