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TNPSC Samacheer Book Back Questions – Rise of Marathas and Peshwas

TNPSC Samacheer Book Back Questions: ADDA 247 Tamil is giving you TNPSC Samacheer Book Back Questions – Rise of Marathas and Peshwas MCQs for all competitive exams. Here you get Multiple Book Back Choice Questions and Answers. Here you will find all the important questions and answers that will help you increase your knowledge and move you toward fulfilling your goals. Study these TNPSC Book Back Questions MCQs and succeed in the exams.

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Choose the correct answer:

Q1. Who was the teacher and guardian of Shivaji?

(a) Dadaji Kondadev 

(b) Kavi Kalash

(c) Jijabai 

(d) Ramdas



  • Shivaji’s teacher and guardian, Dadaji Kondadev, trained him in the art of horse riding, warfare and state administration.


Q2. How was the Prime Minister of Maratha kings known?

(a) Deshmukh 

(b) Peshwa

(c) Panditrao 

(d) Patil



  • Pantpradhan / Peshwa Prime Minister
  • Amatya / Mazumdar Finance Minister
  • Shurunavis/Sacheev Secretary


Q3. Name the family priest of Shambhuji who influenced him in his day-to-day


(a) Shahu 

(b) Anaji Datta

(c) Dadaji Kondadev 

(d)Kavi Kalash



  • Shambhuji was under the wicked influence of his family priest Kavi Kalash. 
  • Kavi Kalash was the caretaker of Shambhuji in Varanasi during Shivaji’s flight from Agra.


Q4. What was the backbone of Shivaji’s army in the beginning?

(a) Artillery 

(b) Cavalry

(c) Infantry 




  • Shivaji gave utmost attention to his army and training of its personnel. 
  • In the beginning, the backbone of his army was the infantry.


Q5. Who proclaimed wars and freed Malwa and Gujarat from Mughal domination?

(a) Balaji Vishwanath 

(b) Bajirao

(c) Balaji Bajirao 

(d) Shahu



  • Bajirao proclaimed wars against Malwa and Gujarat and freed them from Mughal domination.


  1. Fill in the Blanks:
  2. The spread of the _________ movement in Maharashtra helped the Maratha people develop consciousness and oneness. (Bhakti)
  3. ___________ was the key official of revenue administration of Peshwa. (Kamavisdar)
  4. The imperial moment of the Marathas sadly ended at ____________ in 1761. (Panipat near Delhi)
  5. ______________was the foreign minister in the Ashtapradhan. (Sumant / Dubeer)
  6. Shambhuji succeeded Shivaji after a succession tussle with_____________. (Anaji Datto)


Q6.Match the following:

  1. Shaji Bhonsle – 1.Mother of Shivaji
  2. Shambhuji – 2.General of Bijapur
  3. Shahu – 3.Shivaji’s father
  4. Jijabai – 4.Son of Shivaji
  5. Afzal khan – 5.Shivaji’s grandson

(a) 5 4 2 1 3

(b) 5 4 3 1 2

(c) 3 4 5 1 2

(d) 4 2 5 1 3



  • Shahji Bhonsle (Shivaji’s father)
  • Afzal Khan, a notable general of Bijapur.
  • Shivaji, born in 1627, grew up under the care of his mother, Jijabai
  • Shivaji’s grandson Shahu
  1. True or False:
  2. The rocky and mountainous terrain gave protection to the Marathas from invaders. (True)
  3. Hymns composed in Sanskrit by the Bhakti saints were sung by people of all castes and classes. (True)
  4. Shivaji captured Puranthar from the Mughals. (True)
  5. Deshmukhs held sway over rural regions and their control was over between twenty and hundred villages. (True)
  6. Abdali invaded ten times before finally marching on Delhi. (False)
  7. Consider the following statements. Tick (tick) the appropriate answer:

Q7. Assertion (A): Soldiers were to live in forts and towns far away from home

Reason (R): Maratha soldiers were not permitted to retire from battle fields each

year for the purpose of cultivating their land.

(a) R is correct explanation of A

(b) R is not the correct explanation of A

(c) A is Wrong and R is correct

(d) A and R are wrong



  • Soldiers were to live in forts and towns far away from home
  • Maratha soldiers were not permitted now to retire from battle fields each year for the purpose of cultivating their land.


Q8. Statement I : Judging from the ledgers of correspondence and account books,Peshwas were keen on accurate record- keeping.

Statement II: Artillery decided the battle at Panipat in 1761.

(a) I is correct

(b) II is correct

(c) I and II are correct

(d) I and II are false



  • Judging from the ledgers of correspondence and account books, it is evident that the Peshwas were keen on accurate record keeping.
  • Artillery decided the battle in January 1761.


  1. Find the odd one out

Shahji, Shivaji, Shambhuji, Shahu, Rahuji Bhonsle.


Q9. Find out the wrong pair

(a) Gaikwad – Baroda

(b) Peshwa  – Nagpur

(c) Holkar –  Indore

(d) Shinde  – Gwalior



The Prominent Maratha families

  • Gaikwad at Baroda
  • Bhonsle at Nagpur
  • Holkar at Indore
  • Shinde or Scindhia at Gwalior
  • Peshwa at Pune

Q10. Arrange the events in chronological order

  1. I) Shivaji became totally independent after the death of his guardian Kondadev.
  2. II) Emperor Shahu died when Balaji Bajirao was Peshwa.

III) Shivaji resumed his military raids after his father’s death and conquered Javali.

  1. IV) Balaji Vishwanath became Peshwa.




(d) I III IV II 






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