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TNPSC Samacheer Book Back Questions – Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu

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Q1. Which is the oldest structural temple in south India?

(a) Shore Temple

(b) Mandagapattu

(c) Kailasanatha Temple

(d) Vaikuntha Perumal Temple



  • The Shore Temple at Mahabalipuram, also called the Seven Pagodas, was built by the Pallava king Narasimhavarman II. 
  • It is the oldest structural temple in South India.


Q2. In which year were the Mamallapuram monuments and temples notified as a UNESCO world Heritage site?

(a) 1964 

(b) 1994

(c) 1974 

(d) 1984



  • The Mamallapuram monuments and temples, including the Shore Temple complex, were notified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984.


Q3. What was the special feature of the architecture of the early Chola period?

(a) bas-reliefs 

(b) vimanas

(c) corridors 

(d) gopurams



  • The Pallava period featured sculptural rocks
  • The early Chola period was marked by grand vimanas
  • The Later Chola period was known for beautiful gopurams.
  • Vijayanagar period’s unique feature was the mandapam and the modern period was when corridors were given prominence.


Q4. Where is the Azhakiya Nambi Temple situated?

(a) Tirukkurungudi 

(b) Madurai

(c) Tirunelveli 

(d) Srivilliputhur



  • The practice of fitting the niches with sculptures continued during the Nayak period.
  • There was an increased use of major sculpted figures (relief sculpture) as found at the Alakiya Nambi temple at Tirukkurungudi (Tirunelveli district) and the Gopalakrishna temple in the Ranganatha temple complex at Srirangam.

Q5. Who built the Vaikuntha Perumal Temple?

(a) Mahendravarman

(b) Narasimhavarman

(c) Rajasimha

(d) Nandivarman II



  • The Vaikuntha Perumal temple at Kanchipuram was built by Nandivarman II.


  1. Fill in the Blanks:
  2. ___________ was the first rock-cut cave temple built by the Pallava king

Mahendravarman. (Mandagapattu)

  1. The early Chola architecture followed the style of ___________. (vimanas)
  2. The most celebrated mandapam in Madurai Meenakshiamman temple is the____________. (Pudumandapam)
  3. Later Chola period was known for beautiful __________. (gopurams)
  4. Vijayanagar period’s unique feature is the _________. (mandapam)


Q6.Match the following:

  1. Seven Pagodas – 1.Madurai
  2. Rathi mandapam – 2.Darasuram
  3. Iravatheswara temple – 3.Tirukkurungudi
  4. Adinatha Temple – 4.Shore temple
  5. Pudumandapam – 5.Azhwar Tirunagari

(a) 5 4 2 1 3

(b) 5 4 3 1 2

(c) 3 4 5 1 2

(d) 4 3 2 5 1



  • Dharasuram, near Kumbakonam, is a Later Chola period temple, rich in architectural splendour, dedicated to Iravatheswara (Siva as god of lord Indira’s elephant).
  • The southern festival mandapam of Adinatha temple at Azhwar Tirunagari

Q7.Find out the wrong pair/pairs:

(a) Krishnapuram Temple – Tirunelveli

(b) Kudalazhagar Temple – Azhwar Tirunagari

(c) Sethupathis – Feudatories of Madurai Nayaks

(d) Jalagandeshwara temple – Vellore



  • The southern festival mandapam of Adinatha temple at Azhwar Tirunagari.
  • Kudalazhagar Temple at Madurai
  • The Sethupathis, as the feudatories of Madurai Nayaks
  • The Jalagandeshwara temple at Vellore, the temples at Thadikompu near Dindugal and Krishnapuram near Tirunelveli


Q8. Assertion (A): The predominance of corridors of Rameswaram Temple is striking.

Reason (R): The Temple has the largest set of corridors in the world.

(a) R is not the correct explanation of A

(b) R is the correct explanation of A

(c) A is correct but R is wrong

(d) Both A and R are wrong



  • In the temple of Rameswaram, the predominance of corridors is striking.
  • It is claimed that this temple has the longest set of corridors in the world.


  1. Name the epoch of the following:
  2. a) A.D. 600 to 850 –
  3. b) A.D. 850 to 1100 –
  4. c) A.D. 1100 to 1350 –
  5. d) A.D. 1350 to 1600 –



  • The Pallava Epoch (A.D. 600 to 850); 
  • Early Chola Epoch (A.D. 850 to 1100)
  • Later Chola Epoch (A.D. 1100 to 1350)
  • Vijayanagara/Nayak Epoch (A.D. 1350 to 1600)
  • Modern Epoch (After A.D. 1600).


Q9. Find out the correct statement/s:

(a) The Arjuna’s Penance is carved out of a granite boulder.

(b) Meenakshi Amman temple in Madurai represents Pallava’s architectural style.

(c) The cave temple at Pillayarpatti is a contribution of Later Pandyas.

(d) The Sethupathis as feudatories of Madurai Nayaks contributed to Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple.



  • The Arjuna’s Penance, carved on the face of a granite boulder, is a magnificent relief, measuring approximately 100 ft long by 45 ft high.
  • The Sethupathis, as the feudatories of Madurai Nayaks, ruled Ramanathapuram and contributed to the Ramanathaswamy temple architecture.
  1. State true or false:
  2. Rajasimha built the Kanchi Kailasanatha temple. (True)
  3. Early Pandyas were the contemporaries of Later Cholas. (false)
  4. Rock-cut and structural temples are significant parts of the Pandya architecture. (True)
  5. Brihadeeshwara temple was built by Rajendra Chola. (True)
  6. Vijayanagar and Nayak paintings are seen at temple at Dadapuram. (false)




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