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TNPSC Indian National Movement (INM) Free Notes – Formation of All India Muslim

இந்தக் கட்டுரையில், TNPSC குரூப் 1, குரூப் 2, குரூப் 2A, குரூப் 4 மாநிலப் போட்டித் தேர்வுகளான TNUSRB, TRB, TET, TNEB போன்றவற்றுக்கான  முறைகள் இலவசக் குறிப்புகளைப் பெறுவீர்கள்.தேர்வுக்கு தயாராவோர் இங்குள்ள பாடக்குறிப்புகளை படித்து பயன்பெற வாழ்த்துகிறோம்.

Formation of All India Muslim

Simla deputation

 1 October 1906 – 35-member delegates of the Muslim nobles, aristocrats, legal
professionals and other elite sections of the community mostly associated with Aligarh
movement gathered at Simla under the leadership of Aga Khan to present an address to
Lord Minto, the viceroy.
 It was failed to obtain any positive commitment from the Viceroy.
 It worked as a catalyst for the foundation of the All India Muslim League (AIML) to
safeguard the interests of the Muslims in 1907.
 A group of big zamindars, erstwhile Nawabs and ex-bureaucrats became active
members of this movement.
Muslim league formation
 The All India Muslim League, the first centrally organized political party exclusively for
 December 1906 – Muslim delegates from all over India met at Dacca for the Muslim
Educational Conference under the leadership of Nawab Salimullaah.
 Nawab Salimullah of Dacca proposed the setting up of an organisation to look after the
Muslim interests. The proposal was accepted.
 December 30, 1906 – All-India Muslim League was finally formed.
 The League supported the partition of Bengal
 To promote among the Muslims of India feelings of loyalty to the British Government
and remove any misconception that may arise as to the instruction of Government with
regard to any of its measures.
 To protect and advance the political rights and interests of Muslims of India.
 To respectfully represent their needs and aspirations to the Government.
 They demanded proportionate representation of Muslims in government jobs.
 Appointment of Muslim judges in High Courts and members in Viceroy’s council, etc.
 Demanded separate electorates for Muslims and pressed for safeguards for Muslims in
Government Service.

First achievement was the separate electorates for the Muslims in the Minto – Morley reforms.
Separate Electorate or Communal Electorate

Under this arrangement only Muslims could vote for the Muslim candidates.
According to 1909 Minto-Morely Reforms
 Imperial Legislative Council – out of the 27 non-officials to be elected, 8 seats to
 Legislative Council of the provinces seats reserved for the Muslim candidates
Madras – 4, Bombay – 4, Bengal – 5.
 Within three years of its formation, the AIML successfully achieved the status of
separate electorates for the Muslims.
 It granted separate constitutional identity to the Muslims.
 The Lucknow Pact (1916) put an official seal on a separate political identity to Muslims.


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