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TNPSC Indian National Movement (INM) Free Notes – Nehru Report

இந்தக் கட்டுரையில், TNPSC குரூப் 1, குரூப் 2, குரூப் 2A, குரூப் 4 மாநிலப் போட்டித் தேர்வுகளான TNUSRB, TRB, TET, TNEB போன்றவற்றுக்கான  முறைகள் இலவசக் குறிப்புகளைப் பெறுவீர்கள்.தேர்வுக்கு தயாராவோர் இங்குள்ள பாடக்குறிப்புகளை படித்து பயன்பெற வாழ்த்துகிறோம்.

Nehru Report

 The Simon boycott united the different political parties in India.
 Lord Birkenhead, The Secretary of State, challenged the Indians to produce a
Constitution that would be acceptable to all.
 28 February 1928 – The challenge was accepted by the Congress, which convened an all
party meeting.
 A committee consisting of eight was constituted to draw up a blueprint for the future
Constitution of India.
 It was headed by Motilal Nehru. The Report published by this Committee came to be
known as the Nehru Report.
Nehru Report
 A committee under the leadership of Motilal Nehru was formed to outline the principles
on the basis of which the constitution was to be drafted.
 August 1928 – The committee’s report, known as the Nehru Report was launched.
Recommendations in Nehru Report
 Dominion status for India as the next immediate step.
 Full responsible government at the centre.
 Autonomy to the provinces.
 A bicameral legislature at the centre.
 Elections of the Central Legislature and the Provincial Legislatures on the basis of joint
and mixed electorates.

 Reservation of seats for Muslims in the Central Legislature and in provinces where they
are in a minority and for the Hindus in North-West Frontier Province where they were in
a minority.
 Clear cut division of power between the centre and the provinces
 Universal adult franchise.
 Linguistic provinces.
 Nineteen fundamental rights including equal rights for women, right to form unions, and
universal adult suffrage
 Full protection to cultural and religious interests of Muslims.
 Complete dissociation of State from religion
Delhi Proposals of Muslim League
 December 1927 – A large number of Muslim leaders had met at Delhi at the Muslim
League session and evolved four proposals for their demands to be incorporated into
the draft constitution.
 These proposals, which were accepted by the Madras session of the Congress
(December 1927), came to be known as the ‘Delhi Proposals’.
Four Delhi proposals
 Joint electorates in place of separate electorates with reserved seats for Muslims
 One-third representation to Muslims in Central Legislative Assembly
 Representation to Muslims in Punjab and Bengal in proportion to their population
 Formation of three new Muslim majority provinces – Sindh, Baluchistan and North-West
Frontier Province.
Amendments Proposed by Jinnah
 December 1928 – All Parties Conference held at Calcutta, to consider the Nehru Report,
Jinnah, on behalf of the Muslim League, proposed three amendments to the report:
1. one-third representation to Muslims in the central legislature
2. reservation to Muslims in Bengal and Punjab legislatures proportionate to their
population, till adult suffrage was established
3. Residual powers to provinces.
 However, it was also rejected.
 Tej Bahadur Sapru supported him and pleaded that it would make no big difference.
 March 1929 – Jinnah proposed a resolution which came to be known as Jinnah’s
Fourteen Points.

 Jinnah who was hailed as Ambassador of Hindu–Muslim Unity thereafter changed his
stand and began to espouse the cause of a separate nation for Muslims.
Nehru Report Found Unsatisfactory
 The Muslim League, the Hindu Mahasabha and the Sikh communalists unhappy about
the Nehru Report, but the younger section of the Congress led by Jawaharlal Nehru and
Subhash Bose were also angered.
 The younger section regarded the idea of dominion status in the report as a step
Backward, and the developments at the All Parties Conference strengthened their
criticism of the dominion status idea in 1928 Calcutta session.
 Nehru and Subhash Bose rejected the Congress’ modified goal and jointly set up the
Independence for India League
 28 February 1928 – Challenge accepted by the Congress to drew blueprint for Separate
constitution of India
 December 1927 – Delhi proposals
 August 1928 – Nehru report
 December 1928 – All Parties Conference held at Calcutta
 March 1929 – Jinnah 14point programme


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