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TNPSC Indian National Movement (INM) Free Notes – Chittagong Armoury Raid

இந்தக் கட்டுரையில், TNPSC குரூப் 1, குரூப் 2, குரூப் 2A, குரூப் 4 மாநிலப் போட்டித் தேர்வுகளான TNUSRB, TRB, TET, TNEB போன்றவற்றுக்கான  முறைகள் இலவசக் குறிப்புகளைப் பெறுவீர்கள்.தேர்வுக்கு தயாராவோர் இங்குள்ள பாடக்குறிப்புகளை படித்து பயன்பெற வாழ்த்துகிறோம்.

Chittagong Armoury Raid

Surya Sen

 A school teacher by profession, in Bengal
 He had actively participated in the Non-cooperation movement and wore Khadi.
 His group was closely working with the Chittagong unit of the Indian National Congress.

Indian Republican Army
 The Indian Republican Army- A revolutionary group was formed and named after the
Irish Republican Army.
 They planned a rebellion to occupy Chittagong in a guerrilla-style operation.

Chittagong Armoury Raid
 18 April 1930 –In the night the Chittagong armouries were raided.
 Simultaneous attacks were launched on telegraph offices, the armoury and the police
barracks to cut off all communication networks including the railways to isolate the
 It was aimed at challenging the colonial administration directly.
 The revolutionaries hoisted the national flag
 Slogans – Bande Matram and Inquilab Zindabad were symbolically shouted.
 The raids and the resistance continued for the next three years.
 Often, they operated from the villages and the villagers, gave food and shelter to the
revolutionaries and suffered greatly at the hands of police for this.
 Due to the continuous nature of the actions, there was an Armoury Raid Supplementary
Trial too.
 It took three years to arrest Surya Sen. He was arrested on February, 1933
 He was tortured for eleven months.
 12 January 1934 – He was hanged.
Kalpanan Dutt
 Born in Chittagong
 In the late 1920s she married a communist leader P.C. Joshi
 1931 – She joined Indian Republican Army
 Kalpana Dutt’s active participation in the revolutionary Chittagong movement led to her
 Kalpana Dutt represented the young women who defied the existing patriarchal set up
and took to arms for the liberation of their motherland.
 She participated in direct actions, fought along with men, carrying guns.
 Tried along with Surya Sen, Kalpana was sentenced to transportation for life.
 The charge was “waging war against the King Emperor.”

 As all their activities started with the raid on the Armoury, the trial came to be known as
the Chittagong Armoury Raid Trial
 Kalpana Dutt recalls in her book Chittagong Armoury Raiders Reminiscences the
revolutionary youth of Chittagong wanted “to inspire self-confidence by demonstrating
that even without outside help it was possible to fight the Government
 18 April 1930 – Chittagong armouries were raided.
 February 1933 – Surya sen was arrested
 12 January 1934 – Surya sen was hanged.


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