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TNPSC Geography Free Notes – Industries

இந்தக் கட்டுரையில், TNPSC குரூப் 1, குரூப் 2, குரூப் 2A, குரூப் 4 மாநிலப் போட்டித் தேர்வுகளான TNUSRB, TRB, TET, TNEB போன்றவற்றுக்கான  முறைகள் இலவசக் குறிப்புகளைப் பெறுவீர்கள்.தேர்வுக்கு தயாராவோர் இங்குள்ள பாடக்குறிப்புகளை படித்து பயன்பெற வாழ்த்துகிறோம்.


Agro based industries
Cotton Textile Industry

 This sector in India second largest in the world.
 There are 1,719 cotton textile mills are there in India.
 Mumbai is “Manchester of India”.
 Coimbatore “Manchester of South India
 The first cotton textile mill was established at Fort Gloster near Kolkata in 1818.

Jute Textiles
 India is the largest producer of jute goods contributing 35% of the world’s total output.
 Jute is the golden fibre.
 National jute board is head quarter at Kolkata.

 The first jute mill in India was established at Rishra near, Kolkata in 1854 by the English
man George Auckland.
 India tops in the production of raw jute and jute goods and second in the export of jute
goods next to Bangladesh.
Silk Industry
 CSTRI was established in the year 1983 by the Central Silk Board, Ministry of Textiles by
the Government of India having head quarter at Bangalore.
 India is the second largest producer of raw silk after China.
 Office of the Development Commissioner for Handlooms was set up as an attached
non-participating office on 20th November 1975 under the Ministry of Commerce. At
present it is functioning under the Ministry of Textiles having headquarters at Udyog
Bhawan, New Delhi.
Sugar Industry
 India is the world’s second largest producer of sugar cane after Brazil.
 Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of sugar, producing about 50% of the country’s
Forest based industries
Paper industry
 The first paper mill of India was started in 1812 at Serampore in West Bengal.
 West Bengal is the largest producer of paper in the country.
 National Newsprint and Paper Mills (NEPA) is at Nepanagar in Burhanpur District of
Madhya Pradesh.

Mineral based industries
Iron and steel industries
The modernization of the industry was started in 1907 with the establishment of Tata Iron and
Steel Company at Sakchi, now called Jamshedpur.

Automobile Industry
 The first automobile industry of India was started in 1947. The industry is the Premier
Automobiles Ltd located at Kurla (Mumbai).
 At present, India is the 7th largest producer of automobile manufacturers.

 Chennai is nicknamed as the “Detroit of Asia” due to the presence of major automobile
manufacturing units and allied industries around the city.
 Make in India program was launched in 2014
Electrical and Electronic Industries
Bengaluru is the largest producer of electronic goods in India, hence it is called as the
“Electronic Capital of India”.
Software Industry
 Electronic Capital of India Bengaluru.
 Tata consultancy services 1970


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