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TNPSC Free Notes Polity In English – Minto Morley Reforms of 1909

இந்தக் கட்டுரையில், TNPSC குரூப் 1, குரூப் 2, குரூப் 2A, குரூப் 4 மாநிலப் போட்டித் தேர்வுகளான TNUSRB, TRB, TET, TNEB போன்றவற்றுக்கான  முறைகள் இலவசக் குறிப்புகளைப் பெறுவீர்கள்.தேர்வுக்கு தயாராவோர் இங்குள்ள பாடக்குறிப்புகளை படித்து பயன்பெற வாழ்த்துகிறோம்.

Minto – Morley Reforms of 1909

The Indian Councils Act of 1909 was also known as Minto-Morley Reforms in the names of Lord
Morley, the Secretary of State for India and Lord Minto, the Governor-General of India. Both
were responsible for the passing of this Act. It was passed to win the support of the Moderates
in the Congress.
Provisions of this Act
 The number of “additional members” of the Central Legislative Council was increased to
a maximum of 60. Elected members were to be 27 and among the remaining 33
nominated members not more than 28 were to be officials.
 The principle of election to the councils was legally recognized. But communal
representation was for the first time introduced in the interests of Muslims. Separate
electorates were provided for the Muslims.
 The number of members in provincial legislative councils of major provinces was raised
to 50.
 The Councils were given right to discuss and pass resolutions on the Budget and on all
matters of public interest. However, the Governor-General had the power to disallow
discussion on the budget.
 An Indian member was appointed for the first time to the Governor-General’s Executive
Council. Sir S. P. Sinha was the first Indian to be appointed thus.
 In Bombay and Madras, the number of members of the Executive Councils was raised
from 2 to 4. The practice of appointing Indians to these Councils began.
 Two Indians were also appointed to the India Council [in England].The Minto- Morley
reforms never desired to set up a parliamentary form of government in India. However,
the Moderateswelcomed the reforms as fairly liberal measures.

The principle of separate electorates had ultimately led to the partition of India in 1947.


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