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TNPSC Free Notes Polity In English – Indian Councils Act of 1861

இந்தக் கட்டுரையில், TNPSC குரூப் 1, குரூப் 2, குரூப் 2A, குரூப் 4 மாநிலப் போட்டித் தேர்வுகளான TNUSRB, TRB, TET, TNEB போன்றவற்றுக்கான  முறைகள் இலவசக் குறிப்புகளைப் பெறுவீர்கள்.தேர்வுக்கு தயாராவோர் இங்குள்ள பாடக்குறிப்புகளை படித்து பயன்பெற வாழ்த்துகிறோம்.

Indian Councils Act of 1861

Provisions of the Council Act of 1861
 The Indian Councils Act of 1861 increased the number of members in the Governor-
General’s executive Council from 4 to 5.
 Further the Governor-General’s Executive Council was enlarged into a Central Legislative
 Six to tweleve “additional members” were to be nominated by the Governor-General.
Not less than half of these members were to be non-officials.
 Thus a provision was made for the inclusion of Indians in the Legislative Council.
 The functions of these members were strictly limited to making legislation and they
were forbidden from interfering in the matters of the Executive Council. They did not
possess powers of administration and finance.
 Legilative Councils were also established in the provinces. The number of additional
members in the provinces was fixed between four to eight.
 So, this Act was an important constitutional development and the people of India came
to be involved in the law malking process.
 The mechanism of Indian legislation developed slowly and reinforced further by the Acts
of 1892 and 1909.
Provisions of the Council Act of 1892
 The Indian Councils Act of 1892 was the first achievement of the Indian National
 It had increased the number of “additional members” in the Central Legislative Council.
They were to be not less than 10 and not more than 16.
 It had also increased the proportion of non-officials – 6 officials and 10 non-officials.
 The members were allowed to discuss the budget and criticize the financial policy of the
 In the provinces also the number of additional members was increased with additional


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