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TNPSC Free Notes Polity In English- Committees in Parliament

இந்தக் கட்டுரையில், TNPSC குரூப் 1, குரூப் 2, குரூப் 2A, குரூப் 4 மாநிலப் போட்டித் தேர்வுகளான TNUSRB, TRB, TET, TNEB போன்றவற்றுக்கான  முறைகள் இலவசக் குறிப்புகளைப் பெறுவீர்கள்.தேர்வுக்கு தயாராவோர் இங்குள்ள பாடக்குறிப்புகளை படித்து பயன்பெற வாழ்த்துகிறோம்.

Committees in Parliament

Parliamentary committees are generally of two types, they are:
1. Standing Committee
2. Provisional Committee
Standing Committee
The three most important Committee of the Standing Committees are
 Estimates Committee
 Public Accounts Committee
 Committee on Public Undertakings
Public Accounts Committee
 The oldest parliamentary committee formed in 1921.
 Members are elected on the basis of the principle of proportional representation.
 Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee is the Leader of the Opposition (since
 The Speaker appoints the Chairman.
 Total members are 22, of which 15 members are from the Lok Sabha, and 7 members
are from the Rajya Sabha.

The main function of the Public Accounts Committee
 To examine the report of the Chief Auditor and submit full details of it to Parliament.
 To examines the report of the head of finance of the state allocation.
 To monitors whether public money is being spent as per the decision of the
Parliament and focuses on loss, space cost, etc.

Estimates Committee
 The main panel is the Estimates committee formed in 1950 on the recommendation of
former Finance Minister John Mathai.
 Usually, the Chairman of the Estimates committee is the leader of the ruling party.
 Only Lok Sabha members are included in this committee.
 The committee has 30 members.
 The Speaker appoints the Chairman.
The functions of the committee are
 To suggest alternative policies in order to bring about efficiency and economy in
 To examine whether the money is well laid out within the limits of the policy implied
in the estimates.
 To suggest the form in which the estimates are to be presented to the Parliament.
Committee on Public undertakings
 The Public Sector Undertakings Committee was formed in 1964.
 The committee was created on the recommendation of the Krishna Menon Committee.
 The Chairman of the committee is appointed by the Speaker.
 The members of the committee who are from the Rajya Sabha cannot be appointed as
the Chairman.
 The committee has a total of 22 members, of which 15 are from the Lok Sabha and 7
from the Rajya Sabha.
The functions of the committee are
 To examine the reports and accounts of public undertakings.
 To examine the reports of the Comptroller and Auditor General on public

 To examine (in the context of autonomy and efficiency of public undertakings)
whether the affairs of the public undertakings are being managed in accordance
with sound business principles and prudent commercial practices.

Provisional Committees
Provisional Committees are classified as:
 Periodically Appointed Committees
 General Committees or Joint Bill Committees
The main committees of the Lok Sabha are
 Business Advisory Committee
 Liability Committee on Bills
 Committee on Petitions
 Rules Committee
 Privileges Committee
 Sub-Legislature Committee
 Public Sector Appraisal Committee
 Public Accounts Committee


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