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TNPSC Samacheer Book Back Questions – Development of Industries in India

TNPSC Samacheer Book Back Questions: ADDA 247 Tamil is giving you TNPSC Samacheer Book Back Questions Development of Industries in India MCQs for all competitive exams. Here you get Multiple Book Back Choice Questions and Answers. Here you will find all the important questions and answers that will help you increase your knowledge and move you toward fulfilling your goals. Study these TNPSC Book Back Questions MCQs and succeed in the exams.

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Q1. Which of the following activities of the people will not come under handicraft?

(a) Carving statues out of stone

(b) Making bangles with glass

(c) Weaving silk sarees

(d) Smelting of iron


Sol. Smelting of iron

Q2. The oldest industry in India was industry.

(a) Textile 

(b) Steel

(c) Electrical 

(d) Fertilizers



  • Textile was the oldest industry in India.

Q3. The woollen and leather factories became prominent in

(a) Bombay 

(b) Ahmadabad

(c) Kanpur 

(d) Dacca



  • The woollen and leather factories became prominent in Kanpur.

Q4. What was the aim of the first Three Five year Plans of India?

(a) To control population growth

(b) To reduce illiteracy rate

(c) To built a strong industrial base

(d) To empower the women



  • The first three Five-Year Plans were very important because their aim was to build a strong industrial base in independent India.
  • These plans mostly focused on the development of capital goods sector.


Q5. What was not the reason for the decline of Indian Industries?

(a) Loss of royal patronage

(b) Competition of machine made goods

(c) Industrial policy of India

(d) Trading policy of British



Decline of Indian Industries:

  • Loss of Royal Patronage
  • Competition of Machine-Made Goods
  • Transition from producer to exporter of raw materials
  • Trading policy of the British
  • De-Industrialisation


II Fill in the blanks:

  1. _______________was an integral part in the life of the people. (Crafts)
  2. Industrial revolution took place in_______________. (1948)
  3. The Assam Tea Company was founded in_______________. (1839)
  4. Jute industry was started in the Hooghly Valley at_______________near Calcutta. (1855)
  5. _______________shortened the distance between Europe and India. (Suez Canal)


Q6.Match the following

  1. Tavernier – 1.Drain Theory
  2. Dacca – 2.Paper mill
  3. Dadabai Naoroji – 3.Artisan
  4. Ballygunj – 4.Muslin
  5. Smiths – 5.French traveler

(a) 5 4 1 2 3

(b) 5 4 2 1 3

(c) 3 4 5 1 2

(d) 4 1 3 2 5



  • Tavernier, a French traveller, admired the peacock throne, carpets of silk and gold as well as mini carvings.
  • Dacca was identified with muslin clothes.
  • The Drain Theory of Dadabai Naoroji
  • The first paper mill was started in Ballygunj near Calcutta in 1870.


IV State True or False:

  1. India was famous for cotton and silk cloths. True 
  2. The railway was introduced in India by the British. True 
  3. Steel was first manufactured by modern methods at Jamshedpur. False
  4. The industrial policy of 1948, brought a mixed economy in the industrial sector. True 
  5. The tenth and eleventh five year plans witnessed a high growth rate of Agricultural production. False

V Consider the following the statements and tick () the appropriate answer

Q7. Which of the following statements are correct?

  1. i) According to Edward Baines, ‘The birthplace of cotton manufacture is in England’.
  2. ii) Before mechanised industry handicrafts was the second largest source of employment in rural India.

iii) Saurashtra was known for its tin industry.

  1. iv) Construction of Suez Canal made the British goods are cheaper in India.

(a) i and ii are correct

(b) ii and iv are correct

(c) iii and iv are correct

(d) i, ii and iii are correct



  • According to Edward Baines, ‘The birthplace of cotton manufacture is India where it probably flourished long before the dawn of authentic history.’
  • Before arrival of mechanised industry, the production of Indian handicrafts was the second largest source of employment in rural India next to agriculture.


Q8. Assertion (A): Indian handicrafts collapsed under colonial rule.

Reason (R) : British made India as the producer of raw materials and markets for their finished products.

(a) A is correct R is correct explanation of A

(b) A is correct and R is not the correct explanation of A

(c) Both A and R is correct

(d) Both A and R is wrong



  • Indian handicrafts that had made the country famous, collapsed under the colonial rule. 
  • This was mainly due to the competition posed by the machine-made goods that were imported from Britain by the British rulers. 
  • The ruling British turned India as the producer of raw materials for their industries and markets for their finished products.


Q9. Which one of the following is wrongly matched?

(a) Bernier – Shajahan

(b) Cotton mill – Ahmedabad

(c) TISCO – Jamshedpur

(d) Economic Liberalization – 1980



  • Cotton mills were opened in Bombay and Ahmedabad.
  • The Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO) was setup in 1907 at Jamshedpur.
  • The year 1991 ushered a new era of the economic liberalisation.


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