UPSC Exam   »   Classification of Crops Based on Season: Kharif, Rabi and Zaid crops   »   Zaid Crops: National Conference on Agriculture...

Zaid Crops: National Conference on Agriculture for Summer Campaign 2021-22

 

Zaid Crops: Relevance

  • GS 3: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country

 

Zaid Crops: Context

  • Recently, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare has conducted the 4th National Conference on Agriculture for Summer Campaign 2021-22 where the agriculture minister has emphasised upon the production of zaid crops.

 

National Conference on Agriculture for Summer Campaign: Key points

  • Summer crops, or the zaid crops, not only provide extra income but also create employment opportunities in between Rabi and Kharif for the farmers thereby increasing crop intensity.
  • Though more than half of cultivated area in summer season is under pulses, oilseeds and nutri-cereals, the farmers with irrigation source are growing rice and vegetables during the summer season.
  • Area under cultivation of zaid crops including rice has increased progressively 2.7 times from 29.71 lakh hectares in 2017-18 to 46 lakh hectares in 2020-21.

 

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National Conference on Agriculture for Summer Campaign: Suggestion to states

  • States should use new varieties of seeds for better production of summer crops.
  • States has been asked to plan in advance for their fertilizers needs and provide estimates to the center so that fertilizer department can provide sufficient fertilizers timely.
  • States should also increase the use of NPK and liquid urea and reduce the dependence on DAP fertilizers.
  • Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) and Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA) should jointly conduct the essential training for the small and marginal farmers so that new technology and knowledge reach the grassroots level.

 

Crop classification

Based on the seasons, the crops have been categorised into:

  • Kharif crops
  • Rabi crops
  • Zaid/summer crops

 

About Zaid crops

  • Zaid or summer crops are grown in the short season between Kharif and Rabi crops, between March and July.
  • These crops are mostly grown on irrigated lands and therefore, the farmers do not wait for the monsoon.

 

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Summer crops in India

  • Zaid crops require warm soil and high temperatures (cooling at night) to grow.
  • As they are grown in summer season, they require warm dry weather and longer day length for flowering and fruiting.
  • Most of the vegetables and hybrid cereals are grown in zaid season.
  • Zaid season crops: Paddy, corn; pumpkin, cucumber, tomato; almonds, peanuts, cashews; Gram, lentil, etc

 

Benefits of summer crops

  • Income and employment: Summer crops not only provide extra income but also create employment opportunities in between Rabi and Kharif for the farmers thereby increasing crop intensity.
  • Improves soil health: Cultivating summer crops improves soil health, and also mechanized sowing has helped summer crops to grow better.
  • Insurance against bad weather: Summer crops help in reducing losses due to heavy rain in rabi reason.

 

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