- GS 2: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
- Our Prime Minister is chairing a UN Security Council open debate on “Enhancing Maritime Security — A Case for International Cooperation.
- The focus of the debate was to focus on ways to effectively counter maritime crime and insecurity, and strengthen coordination in the maritime domain.
- He is the first Indian Prime Minister to preside over a UN Security Council Open Debate.
- The UN Security Council has discussed and passed resolutions on different aspects of maritime security and maritime crime.
- It, however, will be the first time that maritime security will be discussed in a holistic manner as an exclusive agenda item in such a high-level open debate.
- Challenge: Today, maritime routes are being misused for piracy and terrorism.
5 basic principles put forth by him for maritime security
- Free maritime from trade barriers so as to establish legitimate trade.
- Settlement of maritime disputes should be peaceful and on the basis of international law
- Responsible maritime connectivity should be encouraged.
- Need to collectively combat maritime threats posed by non-state actors and natural calamities.
- Preserve maritime environment and maritime resources.
- Need to make an inclusive framework on maritime security in Indian ocean region based on the vision of SAGAR (Security And Growth for All in the Region)
- Oceans are our shared heritage & our maritime routes are the lifelines of international trade.
- We should remove barriers from maritime trade. Free and uninterrupted maritime trade is necessary for holistic development.
- Our prosperity depends on the active flow of maritime trade & barriers in this path can pose a challenge to the entire global economy.