UN Security Council: Enhancing Maritime Security_00.1
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UN Security Council: Enhancing Maritime Security

 

Relevance

  • GS 2: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

 

Context

  • Our Prime Minister is chairing a UN Security Council open debate on “Enhancing Maritime Security — A Case for International Cooperation.
  • The focus of the debate was to focus on ways to effectively counter maritime crime and insecurity, and strengthen coordination in the maritime domain.

 

Key points

  • He is the first Indian Prime Minister to preside over a UN Security Council Open Debate.
  • The UN Security Council has discussed and passed resolutions on different aspects of maritime security and maritime crime.
  • It, however, will be the first time that maritime security will be discussed in a holistic manner as an exclusive agenda item in such a high-level open debate.
  • Challenge: Today, maritime routes are being misused for piracy and terrorism.

 

UN Security Council: Enhancing Maritime Security_50.1Get free video for UPSC CSE preparation and make your dream of becoming an IAS/IPS/IRS a reality

 

5 basic principles put forth by him for maritime security

  • Free maritime from trade barriers so as to establish legitimate trade.
  • Settlement of maritime disputes should be peaceful and on the basis of international law
  • Responsible maritime connectivity should be encouraged.
  • Need to collectively combat maritime threats posed by non-state actors and natural calamities.
  • Preserve maritime environment and maritime resources.

 

United Nations Security Council: Composition, Functioning and Indian Engagement at UNSC

 

Way forward

  • Need to make an inclusive framework on maritime security in Indian ocean region based on the vision of SAGAR (Security And Growth for All in the Region)
  • Oceans are our shared heritage & our maritime routes are the lifelines of international trade.
  • We should remove barriers from maritime trade. Free and uninterrupted maritime trade is necessary for holistic development.
  • Our prosperity depends on the active flow of maritime trade & barriers in this path can pose a challenge to the entire global economy.

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