- GS 2: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
- Recently, the second phase of the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY), or Ujjwala 2.0, was launched from Uttar Pradesh.
- In this phase, migrant workers will be able to get a free gas connection on the basis of a self-declaration.
- They are not required to submit additional documents as proof of address.
- It would be helpful to them as they find it difficult to submit address proof while work in other states.
- The LPG coverage in India is “very close” to becoming 100 per cent.
- The government has fixed a target of providing piped gas to 21 lakh homes in 50 districts.
- Along with a deposit-free LPG connection, Ujjwala 2.0 will provide the first refill and a hotplate free of cost to the beneficiaries.
What is Ujjwala scheme?
- It was launched in May 2016 to provide LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) connections to poor households.
- Under this scheme, deposit-free LPG connection is given to the eligible household with financial assistance of Rs 1,600 per connection.
- Eligible families are identified through the Socio Economic Caste Census (SECC) list.
- Under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana, the scheme was expanded to include 80 million poor families from the earlier target of 50 million families.
- To be eligible for this scheme, the woman must be above 18 years of age and must belong to a BPL (Below Poverty Line) household.
- To provide clean cooking fuel solution to poor households especially in rural areas
- To address health hazards associated with the use of conventional sources of cooking fuels.
- To bring empowerment to the women and protect their health.
- To prevent the population from acute respiratory illnesses.
- LPG coverage has increased from 55% to 97.4%, and the scheme has acted as one of the biggest catalysts of socio-economic change in the status of women in the country.
- The scheme earned praise from the International Energy Agency, which said it is a “major achievement” in improving the environment and health of women.
- WHO said that Ujjwala Yojana has provided 37 million women, living below the poverty line, with free LPG connections to support them to switch to clean household energy use.