UJJWALA 2.0_00.1
UPSC Exam   »   How to Prepare for UPSC CSE Mains Examination: Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners   »   UJJWALA 2.0

UJJWALA 2.0

 

Relevance

  • GS 2: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

Context

  • Recently, the second phase of the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY), or Ujjwala 2.0, was launched from Uttar Pradesh.

 

Key points

  • In this phase, migrant workers will be able to get a free gas connection on the basis of a self-declaration.
    • They are not required to submit additional documents as proof of address.
    • It would be helpful to them as they find it difficult to submit address proof while work in other states.
  • The LPG coverage in India is “very close” to becoming 100 per cent.
  • The government has fixed a target of providing piped gas to 21 lakh homes in 50 districts.
  • Along with a deposit-free LPG connection, Ujjwala 2.0 will provide the first refill and a hotplate free of cost to the beneficiaries.

 

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What is Ujjwala scheme?

  • It was launched in May 2016 to provide LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) connections to poor households.
  • Under this scheme, deposit-free LPG connection is given to the eligible household with financial assistance of Rs 1,600 per connection.
  • Eligible families are identified through the Socio Economic Caste Census (SECC) list.
  • Under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana, the scheme was expanded to include 80 million poor families from the earlier target of 50 million families.
  • To be eligible for this scheme, the woman must be above 18 years of age and must belong to a BPL (Below Poverty Line) household.

 

Objectives

  • To provide clean cooking fuel solution to poor households especially in rural areas
  • To address health hazards associated with the use of conventional sources of cooking fuels.
  • To bring empowerment to the women and protect their health.
  • To prevent the population from acute respiratory illnesses.

 

Hunger Hotspots: A Report by FAO-WFP

 

Achievements

  • LPG coverage has increased from 55% to 97.4%, and the scheme has acted as one of the biggest catalysts of socio-economic change in the status of women in the country.
  • The scheme earned praise from the International Energy Agency, which said it is a “major achievement” in improving the environment and health of women.
  • WHO said that Ujjwala Yojana has provided 37 million women, living below the poverty line, with free LPG connections to support them to switch to clean household energy use.

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