In this article, we are providing the detailed syllabus for UPSC CSE GS Paper-III which includes Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management. It will help to analyse and understand the topics covered in the examination and help in the preparation. Before beginning the preparation it is necessary to analyse the nature and vastness of the subject.
The UPSC CSE Mains Examination 2020 will be conducted by the Union Public Service Commission from 8 January, 2021. The Mains Syllabus of UPSC consists of four GS Papers, Essay and two Optional papers. All the Mains papers are descriptive.
UPSC CSE Mains GS Paper-III Syllabus
– Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
– Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
– Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply.
– Government Budgeting.
– Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
– Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
– Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
– Land reforms in India.
– Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
– Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
– Investment models.
– Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
– Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
– Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
– Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
– Disaster and disaster management.
– Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
– Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
– Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
– Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
– Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
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UPSC CSE Mains GS Paper-III Detailed Syllabus (Economic Development)
Indian Economy & Issues Relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development & Employment
Meaning of Planning
Need for Planning in Economic Development
Imperative Vs. Indicative Vs. Structural Planning
Objectives of Planning
Indian Planning History
Techniques of Indian Planning
Achievements & Failures of Indian Planning
Shortcomings of Planning in India
NITI Aayog Vs. Planning Commission
Mobilisation of Resources
Types of Resources – Financial, Human, Natural etc.
Need for Resource Mobilisation
Role of Savings & Investment
Government Resources – Tax & Non-Tax ( or Fiscal & Monetary Policy)
Banking Sector & NBFCs
External Sources – FDI, ODA etc.
Public Borrowing & Management of Public Debt
Challenges in Mobilising Resources for Development
Steps That Can Be Taken
Growth & Development
Meaning of Development & Growth
Difference between Development & Growth
Determinants of Growth & Development
Importance & Limitations of Economic Growth
Balanced & Unbalanced Growth
Dimensions of Development
Measurement & Indicators of Development
Approaches to Development:
Role of State and Planned Approach
Mixed Economy Approach
Challenges to Development & Growth
Nature – Rural vs. Urban, Formal Vs. Informal
Terms Related to Employment – Labour Force Participation Rate, Employment Rate, Working Age Population etc.
Sectoral Distribution of Employment
Quality of Employment
Causes of Lack of Employment
Restructuring of Workforce
Government Initiatives for Generating Employment
Inclusive Growth & Issues Arising From It
What is Inclusive Growth?
Elements of Inclusive Growth
Need for Inclusive Growth
Indicators of Inclusive Growth
Challenges in Achieving Inclusive Growth in India
12th FYP & Inclusive Growth
Need for Government Budgeting
Components of the Government Budget
Revenue Account – Revenue Receipts & Revenue Expenditure
Capital Account – Capital Receipts & Capital Expenditure
Changes in the Budgetary Process in 2017
Measures of Government Deficit
Other types of Budgets – Outcome, Zero-Based, etc.
Land Reforms in India
The rationale for Land Reforms
Components of Land Reforms
Impact of Land Reforms
Problems in Implementation of Land Reforms
The success of Land Reforms
Recent Initiatives – Land Leasing, Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation & Resettlement Act, etc.
Effects of Liberalization on the Economy
Phase of Liberalisation
Impact on Different Sectors of the Economy
Changes in Industrial Policy & their Effects on Industrial Growth
Industrial Policy Before 1991
Industrial Policy After 1991
Phases of Industrial Growth
Linkage between Economic Reforms and Economic Outcomes
Weaknesses and Failures of Industrial Policies
National Manufacturing Policy
Make in India
Need for Investment
Sources of Investment
Types of Investment Models
Domestic Investment Models
Public Investment Model
Private Investment Model
Public Private Participation Investment Model
Foreign Investment Models:
Sector Specific Investment Models
Cluster-Based Investment Models
Investment Models Followed by India
UPSC CSE Mains GS Paper-III Detailed Syllabus (Agriculture)
Major Crops and Cropping Patterns
Types of Irrigation & Irrigation Systems Storage
Modes and Sources of Irrigation
Progress of Irrigation Under Five Year Plans
Environmental Effects of Irrigation
Need for Systemic Irrigation Reforms
National Water Policy
Transport & Marketing of Agricultural Produce
Process of Agricultural Marketing – Marketing Channels, Functionaries, Costs, etc.
Role of FCI
National Agricultural Market (NAM)
Farmer Producer Organisations (FPO)
E-Technology and Technology Missions Related to Agriculture
Direct & Indirect Farm Subsidies & Minimum Support Prices
Public Distribution System
Fair Price Shops, FCI, Ration Cards, Aadhar Linking, etc.
Shortcomings or Problems Associated with PDS
Measures to Improve the Loopholes & Lacunaes Associated with PDS
Issues of Buffer Stocks & Food Security
Food Processing & Related Industries in India
UPSC CSE Mains GS Paper-III Detailed Syllabus (Science & Technology)
Developments & their Applications & Effects in Everyday Life
Chemicals in Food
Artificial Sweetening Agents
Neurologically Active Drugs
Antiseptic and Disinfectant
Anti-Fertility Drugs, etc.
Microwave Oven, etc.
Achievements of Indians in Science & Technology
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose
Satyendra Nath Bose
Homi Jehangir Bhabha
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
Har Gobind Khorana
Indigenization of Technology & Developing New Technology
IT & Computers
Awareness in Different Fields
IT & Computers
Issues Relating to Intellectual Property Rights
Need for Intellectual Property Rights
Types of IPR
IPR Regime in India
International Agreements Related to IPRs
Recent Issues – Evergreening, Compulsory Licensing, Prominent Cases etc.
UPSC CSE Mains GS Paper-III Detailed Syllabus (Biodiversity & Environment)
What is Biodiversity?
Types of Biodiversity – Genetic, Species, Ecosystem, etc.
Importance of Biodivesirty – Ecosystem Services, Bio Resources of Economic Importance, Social Benefits etc.
Reasons for Loss of Biodiversity
In-situ & Ex-Situ
National Guidelines, Legislations & Other Programmes.
International Agreements & Groupings
Environmental Pollution & Degradation
Types of Pollution & Pollutants
Impact of Pollution & Degradation
Ozone Layer Depletion and Ozone Hole
Greenhouse Gas Effect & Global Warming
Hazardous Waste, etc.
Causes/Sources of Pollution & Degradation
Prevention & Control of Pollution & Degradation
National Environment Agencies, Legislations and Policies
International Environment Agencies & Agreements
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
What is EIA?
Indian Guidelines & Legislations
Need & Benefits of EIA
Shortcomings of EIA in India
Measures to Make EIA Effective
Types of Disasters
Management of Disasters
Community Level Disaster Management
Government Initiatives on Disaster Management
UPSC CSE Mains GS Paper-III Detailed Syllabus (Security)
Threats from Non-State Actors
Reasons for Spread of Terrorism and State-Sponsored Terrorism
Institutional Framework to Tackle Internal Security Issues
Role of Media & Social Networking Sites
Security Challenges & their Management in Border Areas
Various Security Forces & Agencies
Central Armed Police Forces
Central Paramilitary Forces
Security & Intelligence Agencies – IB. RAW, etc.
UPSC CSE Mains GS Paper-III: Structure
– UPSC CSE GS Mains Paper-III consists of 20 questions and needs to be attempted in a time frame of 3 hours.
– Total paper is of 250 marks with 10 and 15 marks weightage questions.
– For 10 marks questions, the word limit is 150 and for 15 marks questions word limit is 250.
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