- GS 2: India and its neighbourhood- relations
- India External Affairs Minister and Chinese Foreign Minister met at Dushanbe, Tajikistan—place where the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) meeting of foreign ministers was held.
- Indo-China relations, especially the border issue, has not improved lately.
- The heavy deployment of troops and artillery in the forward areas from both sides are still a cause of concern.
- Earlier, in September 2020, when both the Ministers met at Moscow, it was decided that both the side will disengage without further provocation.
- This decision, however, was limited to the Galwan valley and the Pangong Lake and, other disputed areas like Depsang, Demchok, Gogra and Hot Springs remain unsettled.
- The initial readouts of the meeting signal the precarious situation.
- Indian EAM weighed on the importance of settling border disputes for the growth of Indo-China relations—one, which remains cardinal in the development of ties since 1988.
- China, on the other side, was in no hurry to solve the border issue and urged to improve the ties in other areas like bilateral trade.
- It is surprising as till last year, both sides were active in a peaceful resolution of the border dispute.
- India declared that border dispute is integral to strengthening bilateral ties and no normalcy is possible without disengagement and de-escalation at the border.
Border issues form the cornerstone of Indo-China relations. Unless it is settled, to a point where every region is demarcated, mistrust will always prevail over the other areas of engagements.
Source: The Hindu