Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

 1. 51st International Film Festival of India

The 51st Edition of Asia’s oldest and India’s biggest festival, The International Film Festival of India (IFFI) which is to be held in Goa from 16th January to 24th January 2021, has announced a line-up of programmes that will be showcased on the OTT platform during the festival.

– Taking into account the ongoing Pandemic, International Film Festival of India is holding its first-ever ‘hybrid’ Film festival. This year IFFI will organize a few of its events on the OTT platform for its audience.

– The Country in Focus for the 51st IFFI is Bangladesh.

– The Country in Focus is a special segment that recognizes the cinematic excellence and contributions of the country. This section at the 51st IFFI will showcase four films namely,

  1. Jibondhuli by TanvirMokammel
  2. Meghmallar by Zahidur Rahim Anjan
  3. Under Construction by Rubaiyat Hossain
  4. Sincerely Yours, Dhaka

About IFFI:

– The International Film Festival of India (IFFI), founded in 1952, is one of the most significant film festivals in Asia.

– Held annually, currently, in the state of Goa, the festival aims at providing a common platform for the cinemas of the world to project the excellence of the film art; contributing to the understanding and appreciation of film cultures of different nations in the context of their social and cultural ethos, and promoting friendship and cooperation among people of the world.

– The festival is conducted jointly by the Directorate of Film Festivals (under Ministry of Information and Broadcasting) and the state Government of Goa.

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2. COVID-19 Vaccine Rollout

The Centre has been proactively carrying activities towards preparing for the nationwide roll-out of COVID-19 vaccine in close collaboration with States/UTs and all stakeholders.

– The Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) today held a VC with administrators from States and UTs on the CoWIN software which forms the backbone of the last-mile vaccine administration.

– The meeting was chaired by Shri Ram Sewak Sharma, Chairman of Empowered Group on Technology and Data Management to combat COVID-19 and member, National Expert Group on Vaccine Administration of COVID-19.

– The meeting was attended by the State Principal Secretaries, NHM Mission Directors, and State Immunisation officers and senior officers of the Health Ministry.

– During the meeting the feedback of the States/UTs on the Co-WIN software and its operational use, emanating from the dry runs, was discussed in detail.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 9 January, 2021

3. MoRTH notifies rules for facilitating the renewal of an International driving licence while travelling abroad

– The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has issued a  notification on 7th Jan 2021  to facilitate the issuance of International Driving Permit (IDP) for Indian citizens whose IDP has expired while they are abroad.

– There was no mechanism for its renewal while citizens were abroad and their IDP had expired.

– Now, with this amendment, it is proposed that Indian citizens can apply for renewal through the Indian Embassies / Missions abroad, from where these applications would move to the VAHAN portal in India, to be considered by the respective RTOs. IDP would be couriered to the citizen at his/her address abroad by the respective RTOs.

– This notification also removes the conditions of a Medical Certificate and a valid visa at the time of making the request for the IDP in India.

– The idea is that a  citizen who has a valid driving licence should not have a requirement for another medical certificate.

– Further, there are countries where the Visa is issued on arrival or Visa is issued at the last moment: in such cases,  VISA is not available when applying for the IDP in India before travel. Hence,   IDP application can be made without VISA now.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 8 January, 2021

4. India-Mongolia Relations

– Recently, India and Mongolia have reviewed bilateral cooperation in hydrocarbons and steel sectors.

– India reiterated its commitment to timely completion of the Mongol Refinery Project, the country’s 1st oil refinery.

– The greenfield Mongol Refinery Project is being built under a Line of Credit from the Government of India. It is expected to cut some of Mongolia’s fuel import dependence.

– The Project came in the backdrop of Mongolia, which has large uranium deposits signing an agreement for civil nuclear cooperation with India in 2009 and China unfolding its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).

– India is opposed to the BRI, which seeks to invest about USD 8 trillion in infrastructure projects across Asia, Europe and Africa, as it says the initiative lures countries into debt traps and does not respect sovereignty or address environmental concerns.

– India welcomed the keenness of Mongolian companies in supplying coking coal to the Indian steel industry. According to a recent report, India will overtake China as the largest importer of coking coal by 2025.

– India expressed its willingness to further share its expertise in the oil and gas sector including capacity building in accordance with the developmental priorities of Mongolia.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 7 January, 2021

5. Bird Flu in the several States of India

New Bird flu (avian influenza) cases have been confirmed in Gujarat recently, in addition to Kerala, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Haryana where the disease has already been confirmed.

– Several states, which have been reporting deaths of birds, including crows and migratory species, are scrambling to have samples tested for the virus.

– Bird flu or avian influenza is the name used to describe a viral infection that is reported mostly in birds, but has the potential to affect humans and other animals.

– More than a dozen types of bird flu have been identified, including the two strains that have most recently infected humans namely H5N1 and H7N9. When bird flu does strike humans, it can be deadly.

– Outbreaks of bird flu have occurred in Asia, Africa, North America and parts of Europe. The virus was first reported in geese in China in 1996.

– Bird flu occurs naturally in wild waterfowl and can spread into domestic poultry, such as chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese.

– The H5N1 virus can jump species and infect humans from the infected bird.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 5 January, 2021

6. NCAVES India Forum 2021

– Natural Capital Accounting and Valuation of the Ecosystem Services (NCAVES) India Forum-2021 is being organised by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI).

– India is one of the five countries taking part in this project – the other countries being Brazil, China, South Africa and Mexico.

About the NCAVES Project

– The Natural Capital Accounting and Valuation of Ecosystem Services (NCAVES) project seeks to advance the theory and practice of environmental and ecosystem accounting in Brazil, China, India, Mexico and South Africa.

– The project has been jointly implemented by the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Secretariat of the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD).

– It aims to assist the five participating partner countries, to advance the knowledge agenda on environmental-economic accounting, in particular ecosystem accounting.

– The project will have a duration until the end of 2021.

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7. Demand For Autonomy in Assam

There has been a demand for implementation of Article 244A for the creation of an autonomous state within Assam.

– The appeal to the Centre has been for the creation of an autonomous State for the Karbi Anglong region. This has been a demand since 1986.

– The districts are currently governed by two autonomous councils Karbi Anglong and North Cachar hills.

  1. China holds third South Asia multilateral meet

– China has held its third multilateral dialogue with countries from South Asia to take forward closer cooperation on fighting COVID-19.

– It also strives to coordinate their economic agendas, reflecting a new approach in Beijing’s outreach to the region.

– The third dialogue, held virtually on January 6, brought together every country in the region barring India, Bhutan and the Maldives. It was aimed at “anti-epidemic cooperation and poverty reduction cooperation”.

About South Asia multilateral meet

– All three dialogues have been attended by Pakistan and Nepal, which are emerging as two lynchpins in China’s regional strategy.

– The 1stt such meeting was convened by China in July, and was attended by Pakistan, Nepal and Afghanistan.

– The 2nd meet was held in November by a five-member grouping attended by China, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.

– The 3rd and recent January 6 meeting was attended by all five countries that have taken part in these dialogues namely Pakistan, Nepal, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 87, 9 January

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Daily Important News will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. Joint Trade Committee Meeting between India and Myanmar

– The 7th Joint Trade Committee Meeting between India and Myanmar was held through virtual mode on 24th November 2020.

– The Meeting was co-chaired by Dr. Than Myint, Union Minister for Ministry of Commerce, Myanmar and Shri Piyush Goyal, Commerce and Industry Minister of India.

– Both sides reviewed various bilateral issues ranging from trade, investment, banking, connectivity, capacity building and up-gradation of border infrastructure.

– They also reviewed their preparedness to meet the COVID-19 challenges and expanding cooperation in pharma and health sector including traditional medicines.

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2. Sahakar Pragya

– Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Rural Development, Panchayat Raj and Food Processing Industries, Narendra Singh Tomar unveiled Sahakar Pragya.

– The 45 new training modules of Sahakar Pragya of the National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) will impart training to primary cooperative societies in rural areas of the country along with Lakshmanrao Inamdar National Cooperative Research and Development Academy (Linac).

– Sahakar Pragya embodies enhancing NCDC’s training capacity by 18  fold through an elaborate network of 18 Regional Training Centres across the country by the dedicated, Laxmanrao Inamdar National Academy for Cooperative Research and Development (LINAC) set up and fully funded by NCDC.

– Sahakar Pragya is the latest in the series of farmer-focused steps by NCDC.

– These 45 training modules of Sahakar Pragya to be delivered at LINAC and its countrywide network of Regional Training Centres will address the need for training of Primary cooperatives, FPO-Cooperatives and Self Help Groups federating.

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3. RE-Invest 2020

– Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the virtual 3rd Global Renewable Energy Investment Meeting and Expo (RE-Invest 2020), on 26 November 2020 at 5:30 PM.

– The summit is organised by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy and will be held from 26 – 28 November 2020.

About RE-Invest 2020

-The theme for RE-Invest 2020 is ‘Innovations for Sustainable Energy Transition’.

–  It will feature a 3-day conference on renewables and future energy choices, and an exhibition of manufacturers, developers, investors and innovators.

– It is expected to be attended by over 75 international Ministerial delegations, over 1000 global industry leaders, and 50,000 delegates.

–  It aims to accelerate the worldwide effort to scale up development and deployment of renewable energy and connect the global investment community with Indian energy stakeholders.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 24 November, 2020

4. New Chinese Village in Bhutan

–  Chinese media has recently claimed that a new border village built by China near Bhutan was on Chinese territory.

– The village that has been newly built is Pangda and Yadong county authorities of Southwest China’s Tibet Autonomous Region have confirmed that 27 households with 124 people voluntarily moved from Shangdui village to Pangda village in September 2020.

– Since 2017, it is for the first time that a Chinese residential area has been noticed near the Doklam region. It is strategically important for India.

– Pangda is east of the India-Bhutan-China trijunction on the Doklam plateau.

– It was the site of a 72-day stand-off in 2017 triggered by China’s road-building up to where it sees its border.

– However, Bhutan officially denied the presence of any Chinese village in its territory.

What is E Challan?

5. Copernicus Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite

– Recently, Copernicus Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite was launched from the Vandenberg Air Force base in California aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket.

– Sentinel-6-Satellite is a part of the mission dedicated to measuring changes in the global sea level. The mission is known as the Jason Continuity of Service (Jason-CS) mission.

– The objective of the mission is to measure the height of the ocean, which is a key component in understanding how the Earth’s climate is changing.

– The objective of the mission is to To measure the height of the ocean, which is a key component in understanding how the Earth’s climate is changing.

– It consists of two satellites, Sentinel-6 and the other, called Sentinel-6B, to be launched in 2025.

– The mission is a Joint Collaboration of the European Space Agency (ESA), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (Eumetsat), the USA’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the European Union (EU), with contributions from France’s National Centre for Space Studies (CNES).

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 23 November, 2020

6. UMANG International

– An international version of the government’s UMANG app has been launched by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, in coordination with the Ministry of External Affairs.

– The international version of UMANG app is known as ‘UMANG International’. It was launched to mark three years of UMANG (UMANG App was launched in 2017).

– The international version is for selected countries namely USA, UK, Canada, Australia, UAE, Netherlands, Singapore, Australia and New Zealand.

– It will help Indian international students, NRIs and Indian tourists abroad, to avail Government of India services, anytime.

– It will also help in taking India to the world through ‘Indian Culture’ services available on UMANG. It also creates interest amongst foreign tourists to visit India.

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2020 – Set 61, 22 November

What do you mean by Technical Recession? 

 

 

Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. ‘INS Kavaratti’

– The last of four indigenously built Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) stealth corvettes “INS Kavaratti” under Project 28 (Kamorta class) is scheduled to be commissioned into the Indian Navy by General Manoj Mukund Naravane, PVSM, AVSM, SM, VSM, ADC, Chief of the Army Staff at Naval Dockyard, Visakhapatnam on 22 October 20.

– Touted as a potent Stealth ASW Corvette, Kavaratti is indigenously designed by the Indian Navy’s in-house organisation, Directorate of Naval Design(DND), and built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers (GRSE), Kolkata.

– The ship has up to 90% indigenous content and the use of carbon composites for the superstructure is a commendable feat achieved in Indian shipbuilding.

– Kavaratti has state-of-the-art weapons and sensor suite capable of detecting and prosecuting submarines.

– In addition to its anti-submarine warfare capability, the ship also has a credible self-defence capability and good endurance for long-range deployments.

– Kavaratti takes her name from erstwhile INS Kavaratti which was an Arnala class missile corvette.

– The older Kavaratti distinguished herself by operating in support of was Bangladesh’s liberation in 1971.

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2. World Bank- IMF annual meeting 2020

Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare virtually addressed the World Bank- IMF annual meeting on 21 October, 2020.

– The theme of the meeting was “Unleashing the South Asian Century through Human Capital for All” and “Investing in Covid-19 Vaccines and Primary Healthcare Delivery System”.

3. 317th Executive Council meeting of the Indian Institute of Public Administration (IIPA)

– MoS (PP) Dr Jitendra Singh presided over the 317th Executive Council meeting of the Indian Institute of Public Administration (IIPA) as its new Chairman on 21 October, 2020.

– The post of Chairman IIPA had fallen vacant after the demise of T N Chaturvedi, a 1949 batch IAS officer, former Comptroller & Auditor General (CAG) of India and former Governor, who had taken over as Chairman of the IIPA in 2004 and continued to hold this position for sixteen years till his death on 5th January 2020.

– Dr Jitendra Singh in a meeting made the important announcement that the Life Membership of IIPA will be thrown open w.e.f. 1st January 2021.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 21 October, 2020

4. “Aditi Urja Sanch”

– The Union Minister of Science and Technology and Earth Sciences, Dr. Harsh Vardhan inaugurated the DME fired “Aditi Urja Sanch” unit along with the DME-LPG blended fuel cylinders.

– Handed them over for common public and CSIR-NCL (National Chemical Laboratory) canteen use on a trial basis at CSIR-NCL premises virtually through video-conferencing.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 20 October, 2020

5. FDI Inflow

– Total Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow of USD 35.73 billion was received from April to August, 2020.

– For the first 5 months of a financial year, it is the highest ever.

– In the first quarter (April-June 2020), FDI inflow has increased despite Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth contracted 23.9%.

– It is 13% higher as compared to the first five months of 2019-20 (USD 31.60 billion).

– Total FDI inflow grew by 55%, i.e. from USD 231.37 billion in 2008-14 to USD 358.29 billion in 2014-20.

– During April to August, 2020, FDI equity inflow (one of the three components of FDI) received was USD 27.10 billion.

– The increased FDI inflows into the country is due to the measures taken by the Government on the fronts of FDI policy reforms, investment facilitation and ease of doing business.

– As per World Investment Report 2020 by the UNCTAD, India was the 9th largest recipient of FDI in 2019.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 17 October, 2020

6. Centre’s Farm LAws have been rejected by the Punjab Assembly

– Punjab recently became the first State in the country to formally reject the Central government’s three Farm Acts by passing three Bills to negate the Union laws.

– Also, the proposed Electricity Amendment Bill is rejected and demanded their immediate annulment.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 16 October, 2020

7. Taiwan Insecurity of China

– China recently has objected to any official exchanges between India and Taiwan.

The statement f China is that India and Taiwan were considering going forward with talks on a trade deal.

As per China, the ‘One-China principle’ is a universal consensus of the international community, including India.

There is an objection fromChina to the recent campaign (posters and social media) in India wishing Taiwan “Happy National Day” (October 10) and referring to it as a “country” or a “nation”.

In the upcoming Malabar Naval Exercise, China is also opposing the inclusion of Australia with India, Japan and the United States.

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2020 – Set 41, 21 October

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2021: General Studies and CSAT for CSE

 

Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. 5th Joint Working Group on Coal

-5th Joint Working Group (JWG) on Coal between India and Indonesia scheduled to be held on 5th November 2020 through Video conference from New Delhi due to COVID-19 pandemic. India will host it.

– From the Indian side, this will be co-chaired by Shri Vinod Kumar Tiwari, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Coal, Government of India and by Dr Ir. Ridwan Djamaluddin, Director General of Mineral and Coal Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Republic of Indonesia, from the Indonesian side.

– The meeting will focus on the Indian Coal Policy Reforms – recent updates; Coking Coal Exploration and Commercial Coal Mining in India; Research and Development of CCT in India and Potential of Indonesia – India Business Cooperation on Coal Post Covid-19.

– From both the sides, the B2B session will bring together the industries for discussing the issues that pave an impact on business opportunities in the backdrop of the regulatory framework.

–  Between the two countries, the deliberations will guide the Coal business.

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2. 6th India International Science Festival (IISF)

– The 6th edition of India International Science Festival (IISF) 2020 will be held from 22ndto 25th December, 2020.

– Dr. Harsh Vardhan said that it will be a reflection on Indian Science & Technology Innovations for Atmanirbhar Bharat and Global welfare.

– CSIR to spearhead the IISF 2020 with support of all other concerned ministries and departments.

– The first and second IISF was held in New Delhi, the third in Chennai, the fourth in Lucknow, and the fifth IISF were held in Kolkata. All these IISFs had generated a huge response from people in India and also from abroad.

About India International Science Festival (IISF)

– It is an annual event that is organised jointly by science & technology-related Ministries and Departments of the Government of India and Vijnana Bharati (Vibha).

– It is a festival to celebrate the achievements of India’s scientific and technological advancements with students, innovators, craftsmen, farmers, scientists and technocrats from India and abroad.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 20 October, 2020

3. Diamond Jubilee Lecture Hall Complex

– Union Education Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ virtually inaugurated the newly built Diamond Jubilee Lecture Hall Complex of National Institute of Technology Jamshedpur.

– According to Ramesh Pokhriyal, India will become a leader in the educational field and students in future from different countries that would come to India for higher education like in the past era of Nalanda & Takshshila Universities.

– The Minister also said that Institute has adopted various local villages under the Unnat Bharat Abhiyan.

– There are several facilities provided namely state-of-the-art facilities in the Lecture Hall Complex like Ultra HD Projectors, Virtual Class Rooms, Smart Class Rooms, facilities for differently-abled students, proposed Griha rating, use of energy-saving LED and Electrical fixtures etc.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 17 October, 2020

4. CSIR partnered clinical trials website “CUReD”

– Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science & Technology, Health and Family Welfare and Earth Sciences, launched a website that provides comprehensive information regarding the numerous COVID-19 clinical trials that CSIR is engaged in a partnership with Industry, other government departments and ministries.

-The name of the website is CuRED or CSIR Ushered Repurposed Drugs.

– The following information will be provided by the website including drugs, diagnostics and devices which further include the current stage of the trials, partnering institutions and their role in the trials and other details.

– For clinical trials of AYUSH drugs including AYUSH-64, CSIR is also working with the Ministry of AYUSH.

– Five clinical trials involving Withaniasomnifera, Tinosporacordifolia + Piper longum(in combination), Glycyrrhizaglabra, Tinosporacordifolia & Adhatodavasica (individually and in combination) and AYUSH-64 formulation are undergoing safety and efficacy trials.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 16 October, 2020

5. Australia has agreed to join the Malabar Exercise

–  On India’s request, Australia has agreed to join the Malabar Exercise. The exercise is scheduled to be held in November 2020.

– It is expected that the 2020 Malabar Exercise will be held in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.

– The exercise in 2019 was conducted off the coast of Japan.

– The exercise had been planned in a ‘non-contact – at sea’ format, due to Covid-19 pandemic.

– Its purpose is to enhance safety and security in the maritime domain.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 15 October, 2020

6. “Ghar Tak Fibre” scheme

– ‘Ghar Tak Fibre’ scheme is off to a slow start in Bihar as per the Government data.

–  Bihar is the first state that aims to connect all its 45,945 villages by March 31.

– For connecting all villages by March 31, the state would need to dig trenches, lay cables, and provide connectivity to an average of 257 villages daily, or a monthly average of over 7,500 villages.

– The project will be jointly executed by the Department of Telecom (DoT), Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology and Common Service Centres (CSC).

7. Country’s first multi-modal logistic park

– Country’s first multi-modal logistic park will be built in Assam.

– It will provide direct connectivity to air, road, rail and waterways to the people.

– Under the ambitious BharatmalaPariyojana of the Government of India, the park will be developed.

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2020 – Set 40, 20 October

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2021: General Studies and CSAT for CSE

Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. New education complex

– Union Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh laid the Foundation Stone of the new education complex named after Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya in the Central University of Jammu campus.

– Central University Jammu is one of the first Central Universities in India to have such an educational complex named after Shri Malviya.

– Union Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh recalled that recently he had the honour of inaugurating a hostel complex in the premises of the same University named after Dr Shyama Prasad Mookerjee, which is possibly the first Block named after Mookerjee in any government University outside Kolkata.

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2. BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile Successfully Test Fired

– BrahMos, the supersonic cruise missile was successfully test-fired on 18 October, 2020 from Indian Navy’s indigenously-built stealth destroyer INS Chennai, hitting a target within the Arabian Sea.

– The missile hit the target successfully with pinpoint accuracy after performing high-level and very complex manoeuvres.

– BrahMos as ‘prime strike weapon’ will ensure the warship’s invincibility by engaging naval surface targets at long ranges, thus making the destroyer another lethal platform of Indian Navy.

– The highly versatile BrahMos has been jointly designed, developed and produced by India and Russia.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 17 October, 2020

3. Sustainable Municipal Solid Waste Processing Facility

– CSIR-CMERI develops Sustainable Municipal Solid Waste Processing Facility.

– According to Prof. Dr. Harish Hirani, “Besides achieving Decentralised Decimation of Solid Wastes, it also helps create value-added end-products”.

– Equipped with Advanced Segregation techniques, the Bio-Digestion process adopted has minimum pollution factor.

– This CSIR-CMERI MSW Technology envisions a Zero-Landfill and a Zero Waste City additionally to developing Job-Creation opportunities.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 16 October, 2020

4. Buldhana Pattern of water conservation

– Union Minister Shri  Nitin Gadkari has said that Maharashtra’s ‘Buldhana Pattern’ of water conservation’ has won national recognition and therefore the NITI Aayog is within the process of formulating National Policy on water conversation based on it.

– As per Shri Gadkari synchronisation of national highway construction and water conservation was achieved for the first time in Buldhana district, by using soil from the water bodies, nallas and rivers.

– This consequently causes the rise in the capacity of water storage across the water-bodies in Buldana district and it came to be referred to as ‘Buldhana Pattern’.

– He further stated that “With this activity in Maharashtra, 225 lakh cubic metre of soil was utilised in National Highway construction and the resultant widening/deepening resulted in an increase of 22,500 Thousand Cubic Metre (TMC) of water storage capacity with no cost to state government”.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 15 October, 2020

5. Global Hunger Index 2020

– The Global Hunger Index is a tool for comprehensively measuring and tracking hunger at global, regional, and national levels.

– India ranked 94 among 107 nations in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2020.

– According to the report, 14% of India’s population is undernourished. It also showed the country recorded a 37.4% stunting rate among children under five and a wasting rate of 17.3%. The under-five mortality rate stood at 3.7%.

–  Africa South of the Sahara and South Asia has the highest hunger and undernutrition levels among world regions, with 2020 GHI scores of 27.8 and 26.0, respectively

About Global Hunger Index

– The report is jointly published by Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe.

– In 2006, it was first produced and is published every October. The 2020 edition marks the 15th edition of the GHI.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 14 October, 2020

6. New START treaty

– President Vladimir Putin has proposed a one-year extension without conditions of the last major nuclear arms reduction accord- the New START treaty which is between Russia and the U.S.

Terms of the treaty are:

– Number of strategic nuclear missile launchers are going to be reduced by half.

– It will replace the SORT mechanism as a new inspection and verification regime will be established.

– The amount or number of deployed strategic nuclear warheads is restricted to 1,550.

– Number of deployed and non-deployed inter-continental ballistic missile (ICBM) launchers, submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) launchers, and heavy bombers equipped for nuclear armaments to 800 are going to be limited.

– The timeline is that these obligations must be met within seven years from the date the treaty enters into force.

– The treaty will last ten years, with an option to renew it for up to 5 years upon agreement of both parties.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 13 October, 2020

7. Zojila tunnel

Union Transport Ministry has launched the 1st blasting for construction-related work at the Zojila tunnel.

– It will provide all-year connectivity between Srinagar valley and Leh.

About Zojila tunnel

– It is set up to Asia’s longest bi-directional tunnel.

– It will connect Srinagar, Dras, Kargil and Leh via a tunnel through the famous Zojila Pass.

– It will be located at more than 11,500 feet above sea level.

–  The all-weather Zojila tunnel is going to be 14.15 km long and ensure road connectivity even during winters.

– It’ll make the travel on the 434-km Srinagar-Kargil-Leh Section of NH-1 free from avalanches, enhance safety and reduce the travel time from more than 3 hours to just 15 minutes.

8. Rashtriya Aajeevika Mission

– The Official name is Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM).

– It’s implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development.

– The objective of the mission is to organise the rural poor women into Self Help Groups (SHGs), and continuously nurturing and supporting them to take economic activities so that they come out of abject poverty.

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2020 – Set 38, 17 October

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2021: General Studies and CSAT for CSE

 

 

Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. India – Kazakhstan Defence Cooperation

– A webinar between India and Kazakhstan was held on 15/10/2020.

– The Theme of the webinar was “Make In India For The World, India – Kazakhstan Defence Cooperation: Webinar and Expo”.

– This webinar is the part of the series of webinars which are being organized with friendly foreign countries in order to boost defence exports and achieve defence export target of $5 billion in the next five years.

– The webinar was attended by more than 350 participants and 39 virtual exhibition stalls, which includes 7 stalls from Kazakh companies have been set up in the Expo.

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2. Plenary Meeting of the International Monetary and Financial Committee of the IMF

– Union Minister of Finance & Corporate Affairs Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman attended the Plenary Meeting of the International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC), the ministerial-level committee of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)through video-conference.

– The discussions at the meeting were based on IMF Managing Director’s Global Policy Agenda titled “Catalyzing a Resilient Recovery”.

– The members of the IMFC updated the committee on the actions and measures taken by member countries to combat COVID-19 and its adverse impacts.

– The IMFC meets twice a year, once during the Fund-Bank Spring Meetings in April, and again during the Annual Meetings in October.

– The Committee discusses matters of common concern affecting the global economy and advises the IMF on the direction of its work. This year, due to the COVID-19 outbreak, both the Spring and the Annual meetings took place through video-conference

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 15 October, 2020

3. Mahila Kisan Diwas

– The Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare organized Mahila Kisan Diwas through Video Conferencing on 15th October, 2020.

– This event was held under the guidance of Shri Narendra Singh Tomar, Union Minister for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare which was graced by Shri Parshottam Rupala, Union Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Shri Sanjay Agarwal, Secretary (AC&FW) and other senior officers of the Department.

– A series of activities were undertaken on this occasion.

– Interaction between Shri Parshottam Rupala and successful women farmers and women entrepreneurs was held during the event.

– The e-book on ‘Inspiring Stories of Progressive Women Farmers’ was released and two short video films on ‘Mahila Krishak and her Contribution in Agriculture’ and ‘Global Examples of Successful Women Farmers’ were launched during this event.

– Speaking on the occasion, the Union Minister of State stated that women farmers and women Self Help Groups (SHGs) play an important role in agriculture development with their significant contribution to boost the rural economy.

– It is also emphasised that the women farmers may avail the benefits of all farmer-centric schemes especially the Kisan Credit Card and Farmer Producer Organizations.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 14 October, 2020

4. India and Bhutan

Significant achievement has been registered in bilateral trade relations between India & Bhutan.

– Opening of new market access for agricultural commodities between India and Bhutan.

– Close coordination between the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India, the Bhutan Agriculture and Food Regulatory Authority (BAFRA), Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, Royal Government of Bhutan and Embassy of India in Bhutan has resulted in the notification, opening market access for Apple, Potato, Mandarin, Ginger and Arecanut from Bhutan to India and Tomato, Onion and Okra from India to Bhutan.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 13 October, 2020

5. ‘KAPILA’ Kalam Program

– Union Education Minister virtually launches ‘KAPILA’ Kalam Program for IP Literacy and Awareness Education campaign that will bring awareness towards the patenting of inventions.

– According to Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’, Patent of Inventions will lead India towards Self-Reliance.

– He further stated that under the campaign, students will be given information about the system and technology of patenting.

– Institution Innovation Council (IIC 2.0) Annual Report presented, launching of IIC 3.0 was announced.

– It has also been decided to celebrate the week of October 15th to 23rd as ‘Intellectual Property Literacy Week’. The IIC 3.0 website was also launched.

– So far, IICs have been established in about 1700 higher educational institutions. IIC will be established in 5000 higher educational institutions under IIC 3.0.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 12 October, 2020

6. Thalassemia Bal Sewa Yojna

– 2nd phase of “Thalassemia Bal Sewa Yojna” was launched by the Union Health Minister.

– The scheme was launched in 2017.

– This scheme is a Coal India CSR funded Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) program.

– It aims to provide a one-time cure opportunity for Haemoglobinopathies like Thalassaemia and Sickle Cell Disease for patients who have a matched family donor.

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2020 – Set 36, 15 October

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2021: General Studies and CSAT for CSE

Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. Festival Special” services

– To clear the festive rush, Ministry of Railways has approved 196 pairs (392 trains) of “Festival Special” services over Indian Railways to be operated from 20th October 2020 and 30th November 2020.

– The fare for these Festival Special services shall be that applicable for special trains.

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2. Student’s residential complex and pilot food processing plants

– Virtual Inauguration of Students Residential Complex and other Facilities at IIFPT.

– Foundation Stone Laid for New Infrastructure Development in Newly Purchased Land.

– Narendra Singh Tomar, Union Minister of Rural Development, Agriculture & Farmer Welfare, Panchayati Raj and Food Processing Industries has said that the prosperity of agriculture and farmers is must for achieving the objective of Aatma Nirbhar Bharat.

– Tomar said that the institute commenced as a paddy quality testing laboratory in 1967, and has evolved across years.

– He further stated that this Institution was renamed as the Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology to signify its up-gradation and broadening of scope and services to all areas of food processing, including milk, meat, fish and poultry.

About IIFPT

– Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology (IIFPT), Thanjavur is a national R&D and educational institute under Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI), Government of India.

– The institute undertakes research and offers academic programmes in food processing.

– The institute is equipped with hi-tech research facilities, business incubation centre and accredited food testing lab. IIFPT has forged strong links with the industrial community in India and abroad.

– The institute has recently acquired 14.50 acres of land adjacent to its existing location for the creation of infrastructure for expanding its research and academic activities.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 13 October, 2020

3. Vivekananda Lecture Theatre Complex

– Union Minister for Education Ramesh Pokhiyal ‘Nishank’ inaugurated the Vivekananda Lecture Theatre Complex that has been constructed in the campus of Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur.

– According to the Union Education Minister, Vivekananda Lecture Theatre Complex is one of the largest lecture theatre complexes in entire Asia with a capacity to teach 6792 students at a time through its 48 classrooms.

4. Healing touch of Homoeopathy for Skin Diseases

– A case study published recently in AYUHOM, the Research Journal of North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda and Homoeopathy, Shillong illustrates that Homoeopathy can do wonders in cases of skin related viral diseases.

– The author of the case study is Sangita Saha, Reader, Department of Organon of Medicine and Mahakas Mandal, Post Graduate Trainee, Department of Practice of Medicine, the Calcutta Homeopathic Medical College &Hospital along with Koushik Bhar, Post Graduate Trainee, the National Institute of Homoeopathy, Kolkata.

– Treatment of five patients suffering from five different skin diseases with Homoeopathy has given notable results which give a boost to the conviction of the positive effects of Homoeopathic medicine on such skin disorders.

– Skin diseases are numerous and frequently occurring health problem affecting all ages not only India but globally also.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 12 October, 2020

5. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

– On 16th October, 2020, 7th Justice Ministers’ Meeting of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) the Member States to be hosted by Union Law Minister Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad.

– Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation.

– On 15 June 2001, it’s creation was announced in Shanghai (China) by the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan, and the Republic of Uzbekistan.

– It was preceded by the Shanghai Five mechanism.

– In June 2002, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter was signed and entered into force on 19 September, 2003.

– The official languages are Russian and Chinese.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 10th October, 2020

6. 2020 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences

– The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences, 2020 to Paul Milgrom and Robert Wilson for their work on commercial auctions.

About Sveriges Riksbank Prize

– Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences, 2020 is given in memory of Alfred Nobel and is popularly known as Nobel Prize for Economics.

– It includes 10 million Swedish kronor award money.

– It is officially titled the “Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel”.

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2020 – Set 34, 12 October

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2021: General Studies and CSAT for CSE

 

 

Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. India PV Edge 2020

– To bring together various market players and catalyze cutting-edge PV manufacturing in India, NITI Aayog, Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE), and Invest India together organized a global symposium ‘India PV Edge 2020’.

– It was one of its kind platform for global cutting-edge technology providers, equipment makers, and PV champions to present their technologies to the Indian stakeholders who are drawing up their PV manufacturing plans and collaborate, thus boosting the ‘Make in India’ campaign.

The symposium consisted of three sessions:

First session: The Plenary Session, in which India’s most prominent policymakers highlighted India’s strong impetus on renewable energy, the investment climate and the country’s ambition and opportunities in solar manufacturing.

Second session: It included three parallel pitching sessions on wafer/cell, module/production equipment and BOM. 21 experts from across the world gave a snapshot of the future of solar manufacturing.

Third session: “Investment Conclave” brought in large investors like IFC, Goldman Sachs, Black Rock, SBI, and climate funds to catalyze investment momentum in cutting edge PV technologies.

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2. Historic MoU Signed between ISLRTC and NCERT

On 60th Foundation Day of NCERT, a historic Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between Indian Sign Language Research and Training Center-ISLRTC (a National Institute of DEPwD, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment) and NCERT (a National Institute of Ministry of Education).

– The purpose is to make educational materials accessible for Deaf children in their preferred format of communication viz Indian Sign Language.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 6 October, 2020

3. PLI Scheme

Ministry of Electronics and Information and Technology (MeitY) has approved 16 eligible applicants under the PLI Scheme.

– Production Linked Incentive Scheme (PLI) for Large Scale Electronics Manufacturing notified on 1st April, 2020, extends an incentive of 4% to 6% on incremental sales (over base year) of goods under target segments that are manufactured in India to eligible companies, for a period of five years subsequent to the base year (FY2019-20).

– According to Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad, “PLI scheme has been a huge success in terms of the applications received from Global as well as Domestic Mobile Phone manufacturing companies and electronic components manufacturers.”

– Production of Rs. 10.5 lakh crore and Exports of Rs. 6.5 lakh crore expected over the next 5 years

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 5 October, 2020

4. JawaharNavodayaVidyalaya

– Shri Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi lays foundation stone of new JawaharNavodayaVidyalaya at Pakur in Jharkhand in presence of Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ through virtual mode.

– This school is being constructed by the Ministry of Minority Affairs under the “Pradhan Mantri Jan VikasKarykram” (PMJVK).

– Union Minister for Minority Affairs Shri Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi said that Union Ministry of Education is constructing 99 JawaharNavodayaVidyalayas in backward, weaker and Minority concentrated areas across the country for the first time in the history.

– Several of these JawaharNavodayaVidyalayas are being constructed jointly by Union Ministry of Education and Union Ministry of Minority Affairs.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 1 October, 2020

5. Sensor and Sensing for Precision Agriculture

– A session on “Sensors and Sensing for Precision Agriculture” was organized under “Precision Agriculture” by ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute with the total participation of 1019 including 38 panellists as part of the Vaishwik Bhartiya Vaigyanik (VAIBHAV) Summit 2020.

– This is a Government of India initiative to bring together the thought process, practices, R&D culture of Overseas and Indian scientists/academicians through a series of structured deliberations and constructive dialogue.

– Also to develop a road map for translational research/academic culture for tangible output and strengthening the S&T base for providing the impetus to endeavour of Aatma Nirbhar Bharat.

– A total of 18 verticals have been identified for deliberation of which “Agro-economy and Food Security” deals directly with agriculture with several horizontals.

– The horizontal on “Precision Agriculture” aims at discussing recent advances in the field on sensors, remote sensing, deep learning, artificial intelligence and IoT for monitoring and quantification of soil, plant and environment to enhance farm productivity with increased input use efficiency and environmental sustainability.

UPSC Cut-Off 2020: Check UPSC IAS Expected & Previous Years Cut-Off

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2020 – Set 31, 6 October

 

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