SDG India Index_00.1
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SDG India Index

Relevance

  • GS Paper 2: Governance, Administration and Challenges- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • GS Paper 3: Environment: Conservation, environmental pollution, and degradation

SDG India Index_50.1

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Context

  • Recently, the third edition of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index and Dashboard 2020–21 was released by NITI Aayog.
    • Title of the report –SDG India Index and Dashboard 2020–21: Partnerships in the Decade of Action.
  • NITI Aayog has the mandate for coordinating the adoption and monitoring of SDGs at the national and sub-national levels.

Important Prelims Articles – 12 July 2021

 

About SDG India index

  • It is an annual index launched in 2018 by NITI Aayog on the lines of the annual Sustainable Development Report prepared by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN).
    • SDG India index represents the articulation of the comprehensive nature of the Global Goals under the 2030 Agenda while being attuned to the national priorities.
  • Aim: twin aim of the NITI Aayog-
    1. To monitor the country’s progress on the goals through data-driven assessment, and
    2. To foster a cooperative and competitive spirit among the States and Union Territories in achieving them.
  • Ranking method:
    • The SDG India Index computes goal-wise scores on the 16 SDGs for each State and Union Territory.
    • Measurement of aggregate performance: Overall State and UT scores are generated from goal-wise scores at the sub-national unit based on its performance across the 16 SDGs.
    • Scores range between 0–100: The higher the score of a State/UT, the greater the distance to target achieved. A score of 100 signifies the achievement of 2030 SDG targets.
  • Classification of states/UTs: based on their performance on the SDG India index, they are classified into four categories-
    1. Aspirant: 0–49
    2. Performer: 50–64
    3. Front-Runner: 65–99
    4. Achiever: 100

 

India’s Demographic Opportunities and Issues Faced by Women

SDG India Index 2020–21

  • Developed in collaboration with the United Nations in India.
  • The index tracks all States and UTs on 115 indicators aligned to the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation (MoSPI)’s National Indicator Framework (NIF).
    • These II5 indicators Incorporate 16 out of 17 SDGs, with a qualitative assessment on Goal 17, and cover 70 SDG targets.
    • 2018-19 index-utilized 62 indicators across 39 targets and 13 Goals; 2019-20 index-100 indicators across 54 targets and 16 Goals

Important Prelims Articles – 9 July 2021

Analysis of the SDG India index 2020-21

  • At the national level:
    • Positives: The country’s overall SDG score improved by 6 points—from 60 in 2019 to 66 in 2020–21, mainly driven by excellent performance on Goal 6 (Clean Water and Sanitation) and Goal 7(Affordable and Clean Energy).
    • Poor performance: there has been a major decline in the areas of industry, innovation, and infrastructure (Goal 9) as well as decent work and economic growth (Goal 8).
    • Currently, there are no states in the aspirant and achiever category; 15 states/UTs are in the performer category, and 22 states/UTs in the front runner category.
  • State/UT performance:
    • Top performers- states: Kerala retained its position (score 72) followed by Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh, both scoring 72.
    • Top-performing UTs: Chandigarh maintained its top spot among the UTs with a score of 79, followed by Delhi (68).
    • Worst performers:  Bihar (52), Jharkhand (56), and Assam (57).
    • Top gainers in comparison to 2019-20: Mizoram, Haryana, and Uttarakhand with an increase of 12, 10, and 8 points, respectively.

National Mission for Clean Ganga

Significance of SDG India index

  • It helps in identifying crucial gaps related to tracking the SDGs and the need for India to develop its statistical systems.
  • Act as a Key Policy tool: for focused policy dialogue, formulation, and implementation through development actions, in line with the global SDG framework.
  • The SDG India Index 2020–21 is also live on an online dashboard, which has cross-sectoral relevance across policy, civil society, business, and academia.
  • Upcoming North Eastern Region (NER) District SDG Index: The Index is presently being adapted and developed by NITI Aayog at the granular level of districts for NER.
  • Encouraging evidence-based policymaking: by supporting States and UTs to benchmark their progress, identify the priority areas and share good practices.

 

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