Rajendra Chola-1 of the Chola Dynasty_00.1
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Rajendra Chola-1

Context

  • The Tamil Nadu government is planning to observe the birth anniversary of the legendary Tamil king Rajendra Chola I on Aadi Thiruvathirai at Gangaikonda Cholapuram in the Ariyalur district.
  • On this occasion, the Archaeology, Tourism, Art, and Culture Departments of Tamil Nadu would organize an exhibition and cultural programs in Gangaikonda Cholapuram.

Rajendra Chola-1 of the Chola Dynasty_50.1

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Key points about Rajendra Chola I Rule (1014-1044 CE)

  • About: He was a famous Imperial Chola king. The foundation stone of Imperial Chola dynasty was laid by King Vijayala.
  • He took the title of “Gangai Kondan” after his victory in the Gangetic Plains.
  • Gangaikonda Cholapuram: was established by Rajendra Chola I after his victorious expedition up to the Gangetic plains.
    • It became the capital of the Chola Empire in 1025 CE during his reign and served as the Chola capital for around 250 years.
    • It was built to celebrate his victories in Northern Indian Gangetic plains where he defeated many kings.
    • Rajesvaram temple (Shiva temple): was also built by Rajendra-1 to celebrate his victory in the north. It is similar to the Brihadisvara temple of Thanjavur built by his father Rajaraja Chola.
  • Military expeditions:
    • Won Madurai from Pandya Kings and Keral territories from Chera Kings and after that appointed his son as the Viceroy of the area.
    • Annexation of Northern Sri Lanka and Maldives: using his mighty navy, and even abducted Sri Lankan King Mahinda V.
    • Expedition to the Malay Archipelago: he sent a mission to Malay to teach a lesson to Sri Vijaya Empire because they were obstructing the Chola trade with the Chinese.
    • Military expedition in Gangetic Plains: was a major success and resulted in boosting his stature. He defeated Mahipala, the Pala king of Gauda in present-day Bengal and Bihar, and built Gangaikonda Cholapuram city to celebrate his victory.

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Additional Information

  • In 2014, the Indian Navy commemorated the 1,000th anniversary of the coronation of King Rajendra Chola I.
    • He had a mighty navy that expanded his empire to various parts of Southeast Asia. 

 

Also Read- List of borrowed Features of the Indian Constitution and their Source Countries

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