Presidents of India From 1947 to 2021: President of India is a part of Union Executive, provisions of which are dealt with in Articles 52-78 including articles related to President (Article 52-62). Article 52 of the Indian Constitution says that there shall be a President of India and according to Article 53, all the executive powers of the Union shall be executed by him either directly or through officers subordinates to him. Current and 14th President of India is Ram Nath Kovind. On 25 July, 2017, he assumed office after winning the 2017 presidential election. He is a second Dalit to become a President of India. From 1947 to 2021, there have been 14 Presidents of India. The President of India from 1947 to 2021 list has been given in this article with some related information.
President of India: Constitutional Position
The President of India is the constitutional head of the parliamentary system of the government in India. The President of India is the nominal head of the State. The real power is in the hands of the council of ministers. The president of India is the nominal head of the government, he acts on the aid and advise of the Council of Minister, which is headed by the Prime Minister. All the executive actions taken by the Central Government, are taken on the name of President of India. The President of India is also the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces.
List of President of India from 1947 to 2021
|1||Shri Ram Nath Kovind||25th July 2017 – Incumbent||14th President of India and ex-Governor of Bihar|
|2||Pranab Mukherjee||25th July 2012- 25th July 2017||13th President of India and a senior leader of the Indian National Congress.|
|3||Pratibha Patil||25th July 2007- 25th July 2012||12th and the first woman to become as President of India|
|4||Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam||25th July 2002 – 25th July 2007||11th President of India and an extremely talented scientist who has worked in organizations like DRDO and ISRO.|
|5||Kocheril Raman Narayanan||25th July 1997- 25th July 2002||10th President of India and one of “the best diplomat of the country”.|
|6||Shankar Dayal Sharma (1918-1999)||25th July 1992 – 25th July 1997||9th President of India and a member of the Indian National Congress.|
|7||Ramaswamy Venkataraman||25th July 1987 – 25th July 1992||8th President of India and by profession an Indian lawyer and politician.|
|8||Giani Zail Singh||25th July 1982 – 25th July 1987||7th President of India and a member of the Indian National Congress.|
|9||Neelam Sanjiva Reddy||25th July 1977 – 25th July 1982||6th President of India and the only person to be elected as the President of India unopposed.|
|10||Basappa Danappa Jatti||11th February 1977 – 25th July 1977||He was sworn in as Acting President of India upon Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed’s death. Earlier, he was the Chief Minister for the State of Mysore.|
|11||Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed||24th August 1974 – 11th February 1977||5th President of India and an active member of the Indian National Congress.|
|12||Varahagiri Venkata Giri||24th August 1969 – 24th August 1974||4rth President of India belonging to a Telugu Brahmin family residing in Andhra Pradesh.|
|13||Mohammad Hidayatullah||20 July,1969 – 24th August,1969||He served as Acting President of India until the election of Varahagiri Venkata Giri as the President of India.|
|14||Varahagiri Venkata Giri||3 May, 1969 – 20 July, 1969||He was the first Acting President of India following the death of Dr. Zakir Hussain.|
|15||Dr. Zakir Hussain||13 May, 1967 – 3 May, 1969||3rd President of India and the country’s first Muslim President.|
|16||Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan||13th May 1962 – 13th May 1967||2nd President of India. On 5th September Teachers’ Day is celebrated to commemorate his birthday.|
|17||Dr. Rajendra Prasad||26th January 1950 – 13th May 1962||1st President of India and a member of the Indian National Congress. And first president, longest tenure (12 years).|
President of India: Important Points
- The president of India is the nominal head of the government, he acts on the aid and advise of the Council of Minister, which is headed by the Prime Minister.
- All the executive actions taken by the Central Government, are taken on the name of President of India.
- The President of India is also the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces.
- President is elected by an indirect election, by an electoral college consisting of
- elected members of both house of the Parliament
- elected members of state legislatures
- elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Delhi and Puducherry (added by 70th amendment Act, 1992).
- The President of India is elected for a period of five years, but he/she is eligible for immediate re-election and can serve any number of terms.
- The President of India can be impeached from his office in accordance with Article 61 of the Indian Constitution.
- The Vice President of India acts as the President in the absence of the President. This absence may be due to death, resignation, impeachment, or other situations.
- If the Vice President of India’s seat is vacant, in that case the Chief Justice of India acts as the President of the India.