- GS 2: Issues relating to education.
- NEP, 2020 has completed one year of its launch. On this occasion, let us know the policy in detail.
- It is the third education policy of our country. The earlier two was launched in 1968 and 1986.
- This national policy came after a gap of 34 years.
- It is based on the recommendations of Kasturirangan committee.
- It renames the Ministry of Human Resource Development to Ministry of Education.
- It proposes a 5+3+3+4 curricular and pedagogical structure.
|Foundational||3-8||3 years of pre-primary and 1-2||Flexible, multi-level, activity-based learning|
|Preparatory||9-11||3-5||Light textbooks, more formal but interactive classroom learning|
|Middle||12-14||6-8||Introduction of subject teachers for learning of more abstract concepts, experimental learning|
|Secondary||15-18||9-12||Reading in-depth, critical thinking, greater attention to life aspirations|
- Preparatory classes or Bal vatikas for the children up to class 1.
- Universal foundational literacy by 2025.
- Mid-day meal scheme to be extended to preparatory classes.
- Major reconfiguration of curricular and pedagogical structure.
- Make early childhood care and Education an integral part of school education.
- Seeks to reduce load in school education curriculum.
- There will be NCFSE (National Curriculum Framework for Secondary Education), which will be revised and updated once in every 5-10 years by NCERT.
- A National Assessment Centre, PARAKH (Performance Assessment Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic development) will be established.
- 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in preschool to secondary by 2030.
- All subjects including art, music, sports, yoga, community service will be part of the curricular.
- No difference between curricular activities and extra-curricular activities.
- 50% GER in Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs) by 2035.
- Academic Bank of Credit to be created to provide multiple entry and exit options for students in Higher education.
- The M.Phil program to be discontinued.
- Multidisciplinary Education & Research University (MERU) to be created.
- By 2040, all HEIs to be multi-disciplinary.
- Over a period of 15-years, all HEIs to become independent and self-governing (ending of affiliation system).
- Higher education institutions to be driven by two missions: Mission Nalanda and Mission Takshashila.
- By 2025, 50% students will have vocational exposure and to serve this purpose, NCIVE (National Committee for the Integration of Vocational Education) is to be created.
- Special Education Zones will be created in regions where there is large population of socially and educationally disadvantaged students.
- Gender Inclusion Fund to be created for holistic development of all genders, including transgenders.
- Aanganwadi workers, having qualification up to class 12, to be given 6 months certification program and those workers having qualification less than the above, should be given a one-year diploma program.
- 4 years integrated stage specific B.Ed. program to be the minimum qualification for teachers.
- Each teacher will participate in at least 50 hours of Continuous Professional Development.
- Pupil-teacher ratio of 30:1 in normal areas and 25:1 in socio-educationally disadvantaged areas.
- NCFTE National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education) will be formulated by NCTE and NCERT by 2021.
- Shutting down sub-standard teacher education institutions.
- Move all teacher education programmed to large universities.
Research and Technology
- National Research Foundation to be created for instilling research-based behaviour among students.
- National Education Technology Forum for exchange of ideas on use of technology.
- Agricultural technology parks for implementing lab to land programs.
- There will be an apex body called Higher Education Commission of India (HECI), which will resolve disputes among the following bodies.
|NHERA (National Higher Education Regulatory Authority)||Light but tight regulation|
|NAC (National Accreditation Commission)||Meta-accrediting agency|
|HEGC (Higher Education Grants Council)||Responsible for funding|
|GEC (General Education Council)||frame expected learning outcomes for higher education programmes.|
- Medium of Instruction should be mother tongue till class 5. It, however, is preferable upto class 8.
- Promotion of Indian classical language.
- Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation to be created.
- 3 new national institutes for Pali, Prakrit and Persian language.