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National Achievement Survey (NAS) 2021

National Achievement Survey (NAS)- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2:
    • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
    • Governance, Administration and Challenges- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Education.

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National Achievement Survey (NAS)- Context

  • The Government of India has been implementing a rolling program of sample-based National Achievement Survey (NAS) aimed at classes III, V, VIII and X with a cycle period of three years.
  • The last National Achievement Survey (NAS) was held in 2017 for assessing the competencies developed by the children at grade levels III, V and VIII.

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National Achievement Survey (NAS)- Key Points

  • About: National Achievement Survey (NAS) is a nationally representative large-scale survey of students’ learning undertaken by the Ministry of Education, Government of India.
    • National Achievement Survey (NAS) is conducted every three years.
  • Significance: NAS gives a system-level reflection on the effectiveness of school education.
    • Findings help compare the performance across the spectrum and across the population in order to find the desirable direction for improvements.

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National Achievement Survey (NAS) 2021- Key Points

  • About: National Achievement Survey-2021 is scheduled for 12th November 2021. This year it also includes samples from class X.
  • Conducting Authority: The National Achievement Survey-2021 would be conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) as Assessment Administrator.
  • Scope: The National Achievement Survey-2021 would be conducted for Grade 3, 5, 8 and 10 students of State Govt. schools, Govt. Aided schools, Private Unaided recognized schools and Central Government schools.
  • Mandate: NAS 2021 intends to provide information of what India’s students know and can do in key grades and subjects at national, state, district and school type.
  • Criteria for the Sampling of Schools: The selection of sampled schools is based on UDISE+2019-20 data. Therefore, the States, Districts used for drawing of the samples for NAS 2021 is exactly as per the UDISE+2019-20.
  • Assessment Framework:
    • It has been developed by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) for gauging the competencies attained by the students vis-a-vis learning outcomes.
    • The Survey includes the background variables to correlate students’ performance in different learning outcomes vis-a-vis contextual variables.

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National Achievement Survey (NAS)- Expected Benefits/Outcomes

  • Diagnosis of the Problem: NAS 2021 aims to help diagnose learning gaps of students and determine interventions required in education policies, teaching practices and learning.
  • Capacity building: NAS findings help in capacity building for teachers, officials involved in the delivery of education.
  • Information repository: NAS 2021 would be a rich repository of evidences and data points furthering the scope of research and development.

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National Achievement Survey 2021 (NAS 2021): NAS-2021 Portal

  • About: NAS-2021 Portal has been developed by NIC as a dynamic platform in consultation with the NCERT, CBSE, UNICEF, DDG (Stats) and NITI Aayog under the overall guidance of the Ministry of Education, Government of India.
  • Key Function: NAS 2021 Portal would be a sustainable educational management information system for-
    • Helping in smooth conduct of NAS-2021 and
    • Future decision-making based on data analytics.
  • Significance: It provides role-based functionality and dashboard for managing the resources, activity and event monitoring, capacity building, reporting & documentation, post-NAS analytical report in customized formats.


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