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Jal Jeevan Mission | Har Ghar Jal by 2024

Jal Jeevan Mission- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: Governance, Administration and Challenges– Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

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Jal Jeevan Mission in News

  • Recently while addressing a webinar, Prime Minister stressed upon use of Technology, Service Delivery & Community Participation to achieve ‘Har Ghar Jal’ under Jal Jeevan Mission by 2024.
  • ‘Har Ghar Jal’ under Jal Jeevan Mission aims to provide about 4 Crore tap water connections in rural households this year.

Analysis of Yojana Magazine: Jal Jivan Mission(Har Ghar Jal)

 

How much is allocated for Jal Jeevan Mission in the Union Budget 2022?

  • Rs 60,000 Crore has been allocated in the current financial year under the Union Budget 2022 for the ‘Har Ghar Jal’ under Jal Jeevan Mission.

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Achievements of Jal Jeevan Mission

  • Overall Coverage: Due to the effective implementation of Har Ghar Jal Yojna, India is close to providing 50% of its population with tap water connections.
    • 100 districts, 1,144 blocks, 66,763-gram panchayats and 1,37,940 villages have become ‘Har Ghar Jal’.
  • States & UTs with 100% coverage: Three States- Goa, Telangana and Haryana and three UTs- A&N Islands, D&N Haveli & Daman & Diu and Puducherry have provided 100% tap water coverage.
  • Other leading states: Other States are fast-moving and are close to achieving 100% coverage shortly. Of these Punjab stands at 99%, Himachal Pradesh at 93%, Gujarat at 92% and Bihar at 90%.

जल जीवन मिशन | 2024 तक हर घर जल

What is the Vision of the Jal Jeevan Mission

  • Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) aims to ensure that every rural household has a drinking water supply in adequate quantity of prescribed quality on a regular and long-term basis at affordable service delivery charges.
    • Affordable access to quality drinking water will lead to improvement in the living standards of rural communities.

 

Objectives of the Jal Jeevan Mission (Har Ghar Jal)

  • Access to tap water: JJM aims to provide FHTC to every rural household.
  • Targeted Approach: Jal Jeevan Mission prioritizes provision of FHTCs in quality affected areas, villages in drought-prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
  • Access to tap water at public places: JJM aims to provide functional tap connections to Schools, Anganwadi centres, GP buildings, Health centres, wellness centres, and community buildings
  • Monitoring: Jal Jeevan Missio also provides for monitoring the functionality of tap connections.
  • Local Ownership: JJM promotes and ensures voluntary ownership among the local community by way of contribution in cash, kind and/ or labour and voluntary labour (shramdaan)
  • Ensuring Sustainability of water system: JJM also assists in ensuring the sustainability of water supply system, i.e. water source, water supply infrastructure, and funds for regular O&M.
  • Human Resource Development: JJM has provisions to empower and develop human resources in the sector such that the demands of construction, plumbing, electrical, water quality management, water treatment, catchment protection, O&M, etc. are taken care of in the short and long term.
  • Awareness Generation: JJM also aims to bring awareness on various aspects and significance of safe drinking water and the involvement of stakeholders in a manner that makes water everyone’s business.

 

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