International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)_00.1
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International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: International Relations- Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)_50.1

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International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)- Context

  • In its annual report, IAEA said that North Korea appears to have restarted a nuclear reactor that is widely believed to have produced plutonium for nuclear weapons.
    • The IAEA issues the report annually before a meeting of its member states, posting it online with no announcement.
  • The International Atomic Energy Agency has had no access to North Korea since Pyongyang expelled its inspectors in 2009.
    • The country then pressed ahead with its nuclear weapons program and soon resumed nuclear testing. Its last nuclear test was in 2017.

United Nations Security Council: Composition, Functioning and Indian Engagement at UNSC

 

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)- Key Points

  • About IAEA: IAEA is the world’s centre for cooperation in the nuclear field. It was set up as the world’s “Atoms for Peace” organization in 1957 within the United Nations family.
    • In 2005, it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for its work for a safe and peaceful world
  • IAEA Secretariat: It is headquartered at the Vienna International Centre in Vienna, Austria.
    • Operational liaison and regional offices are located in Geneva (Switzerland), New York (USA), Toronto (Canada), and Tokyo (Japan).
  • Reporting to the UN: Reports on IAEA activities are submitted periodically to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).

Universal Postal Union (UPU)

 

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)- Board of Governors and the General Conference

  • The IAEA has two policymaking bodies. They are- General Conference and Board of Governors.
  • General Conference of IAEA: It consists of all the member countries of the IAEA which meets in a regular annual session.
  • General Conference sets the annual regular budget and addresses extra-budgetary funds as well as voluntary contributions made to the Technical Cooperation Fund.
  • Board of Governors: It consists of 35 members. Each board members have one vote. It key functions are-
    • Recommendations to the General Conference on IAEA activities and budget.
    • Responsible for publishing IAEA standards.
    • Responsible for making most of the policy of the IAEA.
    • Appoints the Director General subject to General Conference approval.

Agalega Island of Mauritius

 

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)- Key Functions

  • IAEA works with its Member States and multiple partners worldwide to promote the safe, secure and peaceful use of nuclear technologies.
  • IAEA seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.

 

North-Eastern Region (NER) District SDG Index and Dashboard 2021-22

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