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India’s Updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to UNFCCC

India’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC)- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 3: Environment- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation.

India's Updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to UNFCCC_40.1


India’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in News

  • Recently, the Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has approved India’s updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) towards global response to climate change.
  • The updated NDC will be communicated to be communicated to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Paris Agreement for Climate Change


India’s Updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC)

  • Background: At Glasgow Summit (COP 26 of UNFCCC), Indian Prime Minister had announced intensifying India’s climate action through five targets termed as “Panchamrit”.
    • This update to India’s existing NDC translates the ‘Panchamrit’ announced at COP 26 into enhanced climate targets.
  • Updated NDC (Panchamrit): In order to curb the climate change, India aims to-
    • Reach non-fossil energy capacity of 500 GW by 2030,
    • Meet 50% of its energy requirements from renewable energy by 2030.
    • Reduce total projected carbon emissions by 1 billion tonne
    • Reduce carbon intensity of the economy to less than 45% by 2030 and
    • Achieve net zero carbon emission by 2070.
  • Implementation: India’s updated NDC will be implemented over the period 2021-2030 through programs and schemes of relevant Ministries /departments and with due support from States and Union Territories.
  • Significance: The updated NDC seeks to enhance India’s contributions towards achievement of the strengthening of global response to the threat of climate change, as agreed under the Paris Agreement.
    • Such action will also help India usher in low emissions growth pathways.
    • It would protect the interests of the country and safeguard its future development needs based on the principles and provisions of the UNFCCC.
    • The updated NDC also represents the framework for India’s transition to cleaner energy for the period 2021-2030.


India’s Efforts towards Updated NDC

  • LIFE Style Movement: ‘LIFE’– ‘Lifestyle for Environment’ is a mass movement announced by India at Glasgow Summit of UNFCCC as a key to combating climate change”.
    • The vision of LIFE is to live a lifestyle that is in tune with our planet and does not harm it.
    • India’s updated NDC also captures this citizen centric approach to combat climate change.
  • PLI Schemes: Government provides tax concessions and incentives such as Production Linked Incentive scheme for promotion of manufacturing and adoption of renewable energy.
    • It will provide an opportunity for enhancing India’s manufacturing capabilities and enhancing exports.
  • National Green Hydrogen Policy: ministry of new and renewable energy came up with the National Green Hydrogen Policy and a comprehensive green hydrogen mission is in the works.
  • Government has launched the national portal for rooftop solar to enable online tracking of installation of rooftop solar plants.
    • Further, it would come up with bids for 4GW of offshore wind energy, along with providing incentives to attract investors in the segment.
  • The Net Zero target by 2030 by Indian Railways alone will lead to a reduction of emissions by 60 million tonnes annually.
  • Similarly, India’s massive LED bulb campaign is reducing emissions by 40 million tonnes annually.


India’s NDC 2015 in Paris Agreement

  • India has pledged to reduce emissions intensity per unit GDP by 33-35% of 2005 levels.
  • India aims to reach 40% of installed capacity from non-fossil fuels.
  • India targets 175 GW of renewable energy generation by 2022.
  • India plans to enlarge forest cover to absorb 5 billion tonnes worth of carbon dioxide.
  • India will reduce dependence on fossil fuels through levies and reduction in subsidies.
  • India exhorted on the principles of equity and differentiated responsibilities
  • India expects developed countries to mobilize 100 billion US dollars annually by 2020 for mitigation and adaptation in developing countries.

COP26 Glasgow Summit of UNFCC- India’s Commitments

COP26 Glasgow Summit of UNFCC- India’s Commitments

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