Important Prelims Articles – 13 July 2021_00.1
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Important Prelims Articles – 13 July 2021

Relics of Georgian Queen St. Ketevan

 

Context

  • Recently, the foreign minister of India handed over relics of 17th century Georgian Queen St. Ketevan to Georgia.
    • It is the first-ever visit by Indian External Affairs Minister since the country’s independence in 1991.

 

About the relics

  • Queen Ketevan’s relics were found in 2005 at the St. Augustine Convent in Old Goa.
  • The relics are believed to have been brought to Goa in 1627 and interred in Augustine Complex.
    • The relics were authenticated by the CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad, on the insistence of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

Important Prelims Articles – 13 July 2021_50.1

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About Georgia:

  • Georgia declared its independence in the wake of the disintegration of the USSR in 1991. India recognized Georgia on 26th December 1991.
  • Strategic location: it is a country at the intersection of Europe and Asia.
    • It is bounded on the north and northeast by Russia, on the east and southeast by Azerbaijan, on the south by Armenia and Turkey, and on the west by the Black Sea.

 

 Important Prelims Articles – 12 July 2021

 

   Supernovae

 

Context

  • Indian researchers have spotted an extremely bright, hydrogen deficient, fast-evolving supernova (named SN 2020ank) that shines with the energy borrowed from an exotic type of neutron star with an ultra-powerful magnetic field.
    • It was studied by scientists from Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Department of Science and Technology (DST).
  • These observations were made using three Indian telescopes:
    1. Devasthal Optical Telescope (recently commissioned)
    2. Sampurnanand Telescope
    3. Himalayan Chandra Telescope

SDG India Index

 

About supernova

  • Supernovae (SNe) are highly energetic explosions in the Universe releasing an enormous amount of energy.
    • It is the explosion of a star. It is the largest explosion that takes place in space.
  • Supernovas are often seen in other galaxies. But supernovas are difficult to see in our own Milky Way galaxy because dust blocks our view.
  • A supernova happens where there is a change in the core, or center, of a star. A change can occur in two different ways, with both resulting in a supernova.
    1. In a binary star system: binary stars are two stars that orbit the same point. One of them, a carbon-oxygen white- dwarf, steals matter from its companion star, eventually leading to accumulation of matter on the white dwarf, causing it to explode, resulting in a supernova.
    2. Occurring at the end of a single star’s lifetime: as the star runs out of nuclear fuel, some of its mass flows into its core. This results in the core becoming so heavy that it can’t withstand its own gravitational force. Eventually, the core collapses resulting in the giant explosion of a supernova.

India’s Demographic Opportunities and Issues Faced by Women

 

Additional information

  • Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES):
    • It is an autonomous institute of the Department of Science & Technology (DST), Government of India.
    • It is one of the leading research Institutes which specializes in observational Astronomy & Astrophysics and Atmospheric Sciences.
    • The unique position of ARIES (79° East), places it at almost in the middle of 180° wide longitude band, between Canary Island (20° West) and Eastern Australia (157° East), and therefore complements observations that might not be possible from either of these two places.
    • Recently it established it’s own indigenously designed and developed Devasthal Optical Telescope. the largest optical telescope of its kind in Asia. It will be used to study star structures and the magnetic field structures of stars.

 

India- Maldives Relations

 

Right to Repair Movement

 

Context

  • Developed countries like the US and the UK are pushing forward the concept of ‘right to repair’ which allows the consumers to fix their gadgets themselves.

 

Key points

  • ‘Right to repair’ movement
    • Consumers depend a lot on the manufacturers for repairing the gadgets, which sometimes are inaccessible for most of us.
    • Activists around the world have been voicing this concern since the 1950s—the dawn of the era of computers.
    • The goal of this movement is to urge the companies to make spare parts, tools and also make the information available for the common people, to increase the life span of these products and thus reduce the e-waste.
  • Manufacturing is a highly polluting process and when gadgets become obsolete quickly, this process becomes frequent and thus contributes significantly to the heap of e-waste generated across the world.
  • Activists accuse the companies of ‘planned obsolescence, which means these companies deliberately make gadgets that do not last long so that people fall in their trap and are left at the mercy of these companies.
  • With no surprise, this movement has been facing resistance from the tech-giants like Microsoft and Apple.
  • The activists of this movement also argue that the implementation of this movement will help create employment opportunities at the grassroots level.

 

Additional information

  • Basel Convention is an international effort to reduce the e-waste generation around the world.
  • Mobile Phone Partnership Initiative (MPPI) is a project under the Basel Convention to address the issue of end-of-life mobile phones.

 

Technology in Agriculture: India Digital Ecosystem of Agriculture (IDEA)

 

 

Sustainable Development Goals Report 2021

 

Context

  • Recently, UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) has released the 6th edition of Sustainable Development Report 2021.

 

Key points

  • Ranking and Score
    • Finland topped the report followed by Sweden and Denmark.
    • India has secured the 120th rank among the 165 countries with a score of 1.
  • Other inference
    • It is the first time since the launch of this report that all the countries have shown a reversal in progress in achieving the goals, owing to the COVID-19.
    • The low-income countries are lacking the financial capacity to achieve the goals under SDG, the pandemic has only worsened the situation.
    • East and South Asia have been showing more progress in achieving the SDGs than any other region.
    • 3 countries have shown remarkable progress since 2015—Bangladesh, Ivory Coast, and Afghanistan.

 

Additional information

  • Sustainable Development Goals are a set of 17 goals and 169 targets, which are set to be achieved by 2030.
  • Recently, NITI Aayog has released the 3rd edition of the SDG India index. In this index, Kerala has retained the top position and Bihar is named as the worst performer.

 

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