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UPSC Mains 2021: General Studies Paper-2

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts Civil Services exam each year in three phases- Prelims, Mains and Interview. GS Paper-2 in UPSC Mains Examination consists of 250 marks (out of 1750). Syllabus of UPSC Mains GS Paper-2 consists of subjects like Constitution (Polity), Governance, and International Relations. Candidates having a good understanding of the static part of the syllabus are comfortable with the GS Paper-2 and score good marks in the UPSC Mains GS Paper-2 Exam.

GS Paper 2 UPSC Mains 2021 | UPSC (Mains) GS Paper 2 Analysis | GS Paper 2 Question Paper Download_40.1


UPSC Mains 2021- GS Paper 2 Question Paper Download

GS Paper-2 of UPSC Mains 2021 exam was conducted on 08th January 2022 in the Second shift (02-05 PM). Below, we are providing the whole GS Paper-2 question paper in text form and in image form as well.


  • Q1. ‘Constitutional Morality’ is rooted in the Constitution itself and is founded on its essential facets. Explain the doctrine of ‘Constitutional Morality’ with the help of relevant judicial decisions. (150 words)
  • Q2. Discuss the desirability of greater representation to women in the higher judiciary to ensure diversity, equity and inclusiveness. (150 words)
  • Q3. How have the recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission of India enabled the states to improve their fiscal position? (150 words)
  • Q4. To what extent, in your view, the Parliament is able to ensure accountability of the executive in India? (150 words)
  • Q5. “Pressure groups play a vital role in influencing public policy making in India.” Explain how the business associations contribute to public policies. (150 words)
  • Q6. “Besides being a moral imperative of Welfare State, primary health structure is a necessary pre-condition for sustainable development.” Analyze. (150 words)
  • Q7. “‘Earn while you learn’ scheme needs to be strengthened to make vocational education and skill training meaningful.” Comment. (150 words)
  • Q8. Can the vicious cycle of gender inequality, poverty and malnutrition be broken through microfinancing of women SHGs? Explain with examples. (150 words)
  • Q9. “If the last few decades were of Asia’s growth story, the next few are expected to be of Africa’s.” In the light of this statement, examine India’s influence in Africa in recent years. (150 words)
  • Q10. “The USA is facing an existential threat in the form of a China, that is much more challenging than the erstwhile Soviet Union.” Explain. (150 words)
  • Q11. The jurisdiction of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) regarding lodging an FIR and conducting probe within a particular state is being questioned by various States. However, the power of States to withhold consent to the CBI is not absolute. Explain with special reference to the federal character of India. (250 words) 15
  • Q12. Though the Human Rights Commissions have contributed immensely to the protection of human rights in India, yet they have failed to assert themselves against the mighty and powerful. Analyzing their structural and practical limitations, suggest remedial measures. (250 words)
  • Q13. Analyze the distinguishing features of the notion of Equality in the Constitutions of the USA and India. (250 words)
  • Q14. Explain the constitutional provisions under which Legislative Councils are established. Review the working and current status of Legislative Councils with suitable illustrations. (250 words)
  • Q15. Do Department -related Parliamentary Standing Committees keep the administration on its toes and inspire reverence for parliamentary control? Evaluate the working of such committees with suitable examples. (250 words)
  • Q16. Has digital illiteracy, particularly in rural areas, couple with lack of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) accessibility hindered socio-economic development? Examine with justification. (250 words)
  • Q17. “Though women in post-Independent India have excelled in various fields, the social attitude towards women and feminist movement has been patriarchal.” Apart from women education and women empowerment schemes, what interventions can help change this milieu? (250 words)
  • Q18. Can Civil Society and Non-Governmental Organizations present an alternative model of public service delivery to benefit the common citizen. Discuss the challenges of this alternative model. (250 words)
  • Q19. Critically examine the aims and objectives of SCO. what importance does it hold for India. (250 words)
  • Q20. The newly tri-nation partnership AUKUS is aimed at countering China’s ambitions in the Indo-Pacific region. Is it going to supersede the existing partnerships in the region? Discuss the strength and impact of AUKUS in the present scenario. (250 words)

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GS Paper 2 Question Paper: Analysis of GS Paper 2 (Mains 2021)


The Syllabus of the UPSC Mains GS Paper 2 can be segregated into three parts- the Indian Constitution and Various Organs of the State, Governance and International Relations. General Studies Paper 2 (GS 2) of the UPSC CSE Mains 2021 asked questions covering all three parts of the GS paper 2 syllabi. We have analyzed the questions of GS Paper 2 under the above three categories of the syllabus.

UPSC Mains 2021| Analysis of UPSC Mains GS Paper 1 (GS1) | Download UPSC GS Paper 1 (GS1) 2021 Question Paper



GS Paper 2 Question Paper- Indian Constitution and Various Organs of the State

Questions from this section were on the expected lines on the GS Paper 2 of the UPSC Mains exam 2021. Questions on Constitutional Morality, Legislative Council, comparison of the USA and Indian Constitution, and Parliamentary Accountability Mechanism require a good conceptual understanding of the fundamentals of the constitution and its provisions along with some contemporary knowledge about the topic (with examples). As questions were on expected lines, aspirants who would have written comprehensive answers as per the demand of the question would fetch good marks in the GS Paper 2.

Choosing Optional Subjects for UPSC



GS Paper 2 Question Paper- Governance and Associated Issues

This section covered questions from various sub-topics under it. For example, questions on the role of No-government organizations (NGOs), Pressure groups, Vulnerable sections (women), Digital Divide and Rural Development, etc. were asked in the UPSC (Mains 2021) GS Paper 2 were asked. A practical understanding of various governance issues along with some real-life examples would fetch good marks for the aspirants in the governance part of the GS paper 2 of the UPSC Mains 2021 exam.

UPSC CSE Mains 2020 Detailed Syllabus: GS Paper-I (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society)


GS Paper 2 Question Paper- International Relations

Questions from this section were also on the expected lines. Few questions from the current/contemporary events like AKUS and countering China’s rise in the Indo-Pacific and others from the static domain (though you must right current developments as well) like India-Africa Relations and Shanghai Cooperation Organizations (SCO) were asked in the GS Paper 2 of the UPSC Mains exam 2021. Aspirants could satisfactorily attempt these questions with adequate knowledge of these topics, provided they also have a sufficient understanding of the recent developments.


Overall, GS Paper 2 (UPSC Mains 2021) was on the expected lines. Questions from each section of the syllabus were asked in the UPSC Mains GS Paper 2.


All the Best to aspirants for comings UPSC CSE Mains 2021 papers.


UPSC Mains 2021 Exam | Analysis of UPSC Mains Essay Paper 2021 | UPSC Essay Question Paper

UPSC Mains 2021| Analysis of UPSC Mains GS Paper 1 (GS1) | Download UPSC GS Paper 1 (GS1) 2021 Question Paper

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