Global Youth Development Index 2020_00.1
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Global Youth Development Index 2020

Table of Contents

Context

  • Recently, the Global Youth Development Index 2020 was released that measures the condition of young people across 181 countries.
  • India is ranked 122nd in the 2020 Global Youth Development Index.

Global Youth Development Index 2020_50.1

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Key Points

  • About: It is a triennial ranking of youth development in 181 countries, released by the Commonwealth Secretariat.
  • Objective: to help governments to identify specific areas for evidence-based policies and programs in order to improve youth development and participation.
  • Indicators: It looks at 27 indicators, including literacy and voting, to showcase the state of the world’s 1.8 billion people between the age of 15 and 29.
    • The index ranks countries between 0.00 (lowest) and 1.00 (highest), according to the developments in youth education, employment, health, equality and inclusion, peace and security, and political and civic participation.
  • Key findings of 2020 index:
    • Singapore ranked top for the first time followed by Slovenia, Norway, Malta, and Denmark.
    • Top five gainers: Afghanistan, India, Russia, Ethiopia and Burkina Faso.
    • Top five losers: Syria, Ukraine, Libya, Jordan and Lebanon.
    • Improvements: the index showed advances in youth’s participation in peace processes and their education, employment, inclusion and healthcare since 2010.
    • Health: made the largest gains of 4.39% driven by a 1.6% decline in global youth mortality rates and a 2% drop in each HIV, self-harm, alcohol abuse and tobacco use.
    • Levels of underemployed youth and those not in school, training or work remained constant.
    • Global education score: increased by 3%, with South Asia making the largest improvement at 16%, followed by sub-Saharan Africa at 10%.
    • Youth participation in politics: only domain that recorded a decline in most parts of the world, reporting deterioration in 102 countries. Sub-Saharan Africa recorded a 5% improvement in the average regional score.
    • Peace and security: Improved by 3.41 percent, resulting from fewer young people dying from direct violence.
    • Somalia recorded the largest gains in peace and security of young people, followed by Colombia, Sri Lanka, Eritrea, and Russia.
    • Global leaders: Sweden on education, Luxembourg on equality and inclusion, Indonesia on political and civic participation, while Singapore topped the employment, health, and peace and security domains.

 

Also read: Pradhan Mantri Dakshta Aur Kushalta Sampann Hitgrahi (PM-DAKSH) scheme

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