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UPSC Exam   »   How to Prepare for UPSC CSE Mains Examination: Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners   »   Deepor Beel Wetland and Wildlife Sanctuary

Deepor Beel Wetland and Wildlife Sanctuary

Deepor Beel Wetland-Relevance for UPSC

  • GS Paper 3: Environment-Conservation, environmental pollution, and degradation.

Deepor Beel Wetland and Wildlife Sanctuary_50.1

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Deepor Beel Wetland and Wildlife Sanctuary- Context

  • Recently, the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change notified the eco-sensitive zone of the Deepor Beel Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • The notification specified an area “to an extent varying from 294 metres to 16.32 km” as the eco-sensitive zone, with the total area being 148.9767 sq. km.

The Charter Act of 1833 or The Saint Helena Act 1833

 

Deepor Beel wetland and Wildlife Sanctuary- Key Points

  • Location of Deepor Beel sanctuary: it is one of the largest perennial freshwater lakes of Assam, located 10 km south-west of Guwahati city.
  • Ecological significance of Deepor Beel sanctuary: it is a unique habitat for aquatic flora and avian fauna.
    • About 150 species of birds have been recorded in the sanctuary, out of which two are critically endangered, one endangered, five vulnerable and four near-threatened.
    • It also houses 12 species of reptiles, 50 species of fishes, and six amphibian species.

Liberalized Drone Rules 2021

 

Deepor Beel wetland and Wildlife SanctuaryConservation status

  • Ramsar site: Deepor Beel was designated a Ramsar site in 2002. It is the only lake from Assam to get into the list of important Ramsar wetlands.
  • Bird sanctuary: 14 sq km of the total area of Deepor Beel sanctuary was declared as a Bird Sanctuary by the Assam Government in 1989.
  • Important Bird Area (IBA): declared by Birdlife International due to the richness of avian fauna and habituating many migrant species in the sanctuary.
  • Eco-sensitive zone: as notified by the MoEFCC.

 

List of Ramsar Wetland Sites in India

 

Deepor Beel wetland and Wildlife SanctuaryConservation Concerns

  • Sponge for Guwahati’s sewage: Deepor Beel has long been used as a sponge for Guwahati’s sewage via a couple of streams.
  • Toxification of Wetland water: The wetland has also suffered from seepage of toxins from a garbage dump at Boragaon adjoining it.
    • The Deepor Beel wetland is an integral part of the elephant habitat but due to toxification, the lake has lost many of its aquatic plants that elephants would feed on.
  • Human encroachment: Deepor Beel is adjacent to Guwahati city, hence, facing immense biotic pressure by way of human settlements and ever-increasing development activities.
  • Ever-increasing Railway track along the southern boundary of the wetland, which is set to be doubled and electrified.

 

Also, read New Ramsar Sites in India

 

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