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Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 7 May, 2021

Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.
1. Shri N.Rangasamy
Why in news?
The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has congratulated Shri N.Rangasamy Ji on taking oath as Puducherry CM.
In a tweet, the Prime Minister said:
“I would like to congratulate Shri N.Rangasamy Ji on taking oath as Puducherry CM. Best wishes for the tenure ahead.
2. Shri M K Stalin
Why in news?
The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has congratulated Shri M K Stalin on being sworn as Tamil Nadu Chief Minister.
In a tweet, the Prime Minister said :
“Congratulations to Thiru @mkstalin on being sworn-in as Tamil Nadu Chief Minister.”

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3. Shesh Narayan Singh
Why in news?
The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi has expressed grief over the death of the senior journalist Shesh Narayan Singh ji.
The Prime Minister said that he will always be remembered for his significant contribution to the world of journalism. PM Narendra Modi conveyed his condolences to the family.
4. India-UK virtual summit
Why in news?
The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, and the UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson agreed on a common vision of a new and transformational Comprehensive Strategic Partnership between the UK and India and adopted an ambitious India-UK Roadmap to 2030 to steer cooperation for the next 10 years.
Key points are:
– Both leaders met virtually on 4 May 2021 and emphasised their shared commitment to an enhanced partnership in science, education, research, and innovation and look forward to the next ministerial Science and Innovation Council (SIC).
– They welcomed the signing of the new UK-India MoU on Telecommunications/ICT and the Joint Declaration of Intent on Digital and Technology, the establishment of new high-level dialogues on tech, new joint rapid research investment into Covid19, a new partnership to support zoonotic research, new investment to advance understanding of weather and climate science, and the continuation of the UK-India Education and Research Initiative (UKIERI).
– They agreed to expand and enhance the existing UK-India vaccines partnership, highlighting the successful collaboration between Oxford University, Astra Zeneca and the Serum Institute of India on an effective Covid19 vaccine that is ‘developed in UK’, ‘Made in India’ and ‘distributed globally’.
– They emphasized that the international community should learn lessons and agreed to work together to reform and strengthen WHO and the global health security architecture to strengthen pandemic resilience.
As per PIB, some of the key points to strengthen STI cooperation between two countries are:
– Enhance cooperation between India and the UK on strengthening the role of women in STEMM at schools, universities, and research institutions and creating an enabling environment for equal participation of women in STEM disciplines through collaboration on new initiatives like Gender Advancement for Transforming Institutions (GATI) project.
– Develop collaborations between Industry, Academia, and the Government to foster innovation among school students by focusing on teacher training, mentoring, and sharing of global best practices through initiatives like the India Innovation Competency Enhancement Program (IICEP).
– Build on the two countries’ existing bilateral research, science, and innovation infrastructure and governmental relationships to continue to support high-quality, high-impact research and innovation through joint processes. Position the UK and India as mutual partners of choice and a force for good in the world in areas of shared priority, including health, the circular economy, climate, clean energy, urban development, and engineering healthier environments, waste-to-wealth, manufacturing, cyber-physical systems, space, and related research.
– Forge partnership across the pipeline of research and innovation activity, from basic research to applied and interdisciplinary research and through to translation and commercialisation across government departments to optimise impact, utilize expertise and networks and minimise duplication.
– Leverage and build on existing, long-standing bilateral partnerships such as on education, research, and innovation, to stimulate a joint pipeline of talent, excellent researchers, and early-career innovators and explore new opportunities for student and researchers exchanges by establishing joint centres and facilitating access to state-of-the-art facilities.
– Work together to share knowledge and expertise regarding artificial intelligence, scientific support to policies and regulatory aspects including ethics, and promote dialogue in research and innovation. Through Tech Summits, bring together tech innovators, scientists, entrepreneurs and policymakers to work together on challenges including the norms and governance of future tech under the cross-cutting theme of ‘data’.
– Grow programmes such as the Fast Track Start-Up Fund to nurture innovation-led, sustainable growth and jobs, and tech solutions that benefit both countries. Explore partnerships with joint investment to enable the growth of technology-enabled innovative businesses and increase the number of start-ups and MSMEs growing and scaling-up internationally, for example in relation to climate and the environment, med-tech devices, industrial biotech and agriculture, and sustainable development, helping to achieve the Global Goals by 2030.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 6 May, 2021
5. India and South Africa proposed for IP waiver
Why in news?
India and South Africa proposed for IP waiver at the World Trade Organisation in 2020. This has now been backed by the United States.
Key points are:
– The US will further negotiate at the World Trade Organisation to waive Intellectual property for COVID-19 vaccines.
– This will help in the large-scale production of COVID-19 vaccines in middle-income countries.
– IP right is a monopoly granted by a government to an inventor. It means that the others cannot copy their invention. It can be a process patent or a product patent.
– The developing countries are arguing that intellectual property is an obstacle in increasing the production of vaccines.
– The production of COVID-19 vaccines in middle-income countries has been happening through licensing or technology transfer agreements. Thus, in order to ramp up the production of COVID-19 vaccine production, it is essential to waive off (remove) the Intellectual Property Rights for the COVID-19 vaccine.
– In simple terms, an IPR waiver means that when a company has produced a vaccine, the others can immediately copy its composition, produce their own. By this the vaccine production will increase and also the vaccine cost will come down.
– 100 countries of the 164 members are in favour of waiving the IP. Recently Australia and New Zealand also agreed on the waiver.

Daily Gist of 'The Hindu', 'PIB', 'Indian Express' and Other Newspapers: 7 May, 2021_40.1
6. Saturn’s interior structure
Why in news?
The scientists at the John Hopkins University have simulated the interior of Saturn.
Key points are:
– The simulations say that a thick layer of Helium rain influences the magnetic field of the planet.
– The scientists have created two powerful computer simulations of the magnetic field of NASA based on the data from the Cassini mission. The simulations will help the scientists measure the rate at which Saturn rotates. This has been one of the several problems that vexed (difficult) scientists for decades.
– The center of Saturn is a dense core of metals such as iron and nickel. This dense core is surrounded by rocky materials. Further, it is enveloped by liquid metallic hydrogen inside a layer of liquid hydrogen. Its core is almost similar to the core of Jupiter but considerably smaller.
– Saturn stands out in the Solar system as its magnetic field is almost perfectly symmetrical around its rotational axis. The Cassini Mission of NASA helped scientists to understand the deep interior of the planet where the magnetic field is generated.
Important takeaways for all competitive exams:
A joint space mission of the European Space Agency, NASA, and Italian Space Agency is Cassini. It was called Cassini-Huygens mission. The first space probe to enter the orbit of Saturn is Cassini and it is also the fourth space probe to visit Saturn.

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 143, 6th May

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