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Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 6 May, 2021

Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. Transfer of CSIR-CMERI technologies to three MSMEs

Why in news?

CSIR-Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute transferred its Oxygen Concentrator Technology and High Flow Rate Iron Removal Plant Technology virtually on 05.05.2021

Key points are:

– Oxygen Concentrator Technology was transferred to M/s. C and I Calibrations Pvt. Ltd, Kota, Rajasthan, and M/s. SA CORP, IMT Manesar, Gurgaon.

– The High Flow Rate Iron Removal Plant Technology was transferred to M/s Maa Durga Sales Agency, Guwahati.

– Oxygen Concentrator Technology was transferred to M/s. C and I Calibrations Pvt. Ltd, Kota, Rajasthan, and M/s. SA CORP, IMT Manesar, Gurgaon.

– The High Flow Rate Iron Removal Plant Technology was transferred to M/s Maa Durga Sales Agency, Guwahati.

– Mr. Omkar Bansal of ‘M/s Maa Durga Sales Agency’, Guwahati told that several areas of Assam are facing the problem of high contamination of iron in drinking water and his company is planning to start work in the four most affected districts namely Kamrup Metro, Kamrup Urban, Barpeta and Shivsagar of Assam.

– Presently, the company is working on the installation of 700 water purification systems of smaller units with a capacity of 1000 litres per hour.

– The company has plan to install High Flow Rate (6000 to 12000 LPH) Iron Removal filter technology of CSIR-CMERI in different districts of Assam as a part of projects received from the Government, respective panchayats, and also to be a part of Jal Jeevan Mission of the Government of India.

– Mr. Deepak Jain of ‘SA CORP’, IMT Manesar, Gurgaon informed that they are working on the development of the prototypes and targeting for 5000 units per month which may further be scaled up at the earliest.

–  He also stated that the initial cost for developing the prototype is coming around Rs.40000-45000 due to the sudden surge in the cost of raw material which is expected to come down on production at a mass scale. In this regard, he also requested the Institute.

Daily Gist of 'The Hindu', 'PIB', 'Indian Express' and Other Newspapers: 6 May, 2021_40.1

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2. Chaudhary Ajit Singh

Why in news?

The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi has condoled the death of former Union Minister, Chaudhary Ajit Singh ji.

In a tweet, the Prime Minister expressed deep grief on the death of Chaudhary Ajit Singh ji. The Prime Minister recalled his dedication to the welfare of farmers and his able handling of various portfolios in the Union Government. Shri Modi conveyed his condolences to his family and admirers.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 5th May, 2021

3. Border tension between Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan

Why in news?

Recently, a ceasefire on the border between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan appeared to be held after a day of intense fighting between the two countries that have killed about 40 people and wounded about 175.

Key points are:

– Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan belong to the central Asia region. Other countries of the region are Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.

– Both nations have claimed the area around the water supply facility in Kok-Tash, a dispute dating back decades to when they were both parts of the Soviet Union.

– The current configuration of the Kyrgyz-Tajik border is the product of Soviet mapmakers drawing the dividing lines for Soviet republics after the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) collapsed in late 1991.

– The meandering boundary between Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan is particularly tense as over a third of its 1,000-km length is disputed. Restrictions on access to land and water that communities regard as theirs have often led to deadly clashes in the past.

– Russia and European Union (EU) welcomed the ceasefire deal and emphasised the need for a lasting and peaceful solution.

– India has a very wide array of interests in Central Asia covering security, energy, economic opportunities etc.

– Security, stability, and prosperity of Central Asia are imperative for the peace and economic development of India.

– Central Asia serves as a land bridge between Asia and Europe, making it geopolitically axial for India.

– Both India and Central Asian Republics (CARs) share many commonalities and perceptions on various regional and world issues and can play a crucial role in providing regional stability.

4. Vande Bharat Mission (VBM)

Why in news?

The Vande Bharat Mission (VBM), which started repatriating Indians stranded abroad due to Covid-19 and the resultant lockdowns since May 2020, has become one of the largest evacuations of civilians by a country.

Key points are:

– Vande Bharat Mission is the biggest civilian evacuation exercise to bring back Indian citizens stranded abroad amidst the coronavirus-induced travel restrictions.

– It has surpassed the large-scale airlift of 1,77,000 people in 1990 at the onset of the Gulf War.

– The mission is undergoing its 10th phase and has carried 32 lakh passengers approximately both inbound and outbound.

– National carrier Air India, along with its budget carrier Air India Express (AIE) carried out the bulk of air transfers under the mission.

– AIE used its fleet to lift agricultural products, mainly fruits, and vegetables (the most sought-after items among the NRI Indians), to West Asian countries, Singapore and Kuala Lumpur.

– Besides, helping distressed rural farmers and the NRIs, the aim of the mission is to keep the supply chain intact.

– While overseas Indians from as many as 93 countries have availed repatriation through the VBM, the government has entered into special travel arrangements called ‘air travel bubbles’ with 18 different countries so far.

– Transport bubbles or air travel arrangements are temporary arrangements between two countries aimed at restarting commercial passenger services when regular international flights are suspended as a result of the pandemic.

– It allows carriers of both countries to fly passengers either way without any restrictions.

– Reciprocal in nature, the bilateral pact aims to benefit airlines from both countries with faster repatriations.

– Due to a recent spurt in Covid-19 cases in the country and many countries of late, patronage has come down in the VBM flights.

Operation Raahat was launched by the Indian Armed Forces, to evacuate 4,640 Indian citizens and 960 foreign nationals of 41 countries from Yemen during the 2015 Yemen Crisis. The evacuation took place both by sea and the air.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 28 April, 2021

5. Yamatosaurus izanagii a new species of duck-billed dinosaur

Why in news?

Paleontologists international team has identified a new genus and species of hadrosaur.

Key points are:

– Hadrosaur is also called a duck-billed dinosaur. The species has been named Yamatosaurus izanagii.

– The new fossil discovery has provided information about the hadrosaur migration. According to the discovery, they migrated from Asia to North America and vice versa.

– The discovery also states that these giant creatures evolved from walking upright to walking on four legs.

– The Hadrosaurs are the most commonly found species of all dinosaurs. They are plant-eating dinosaurs. They lived in the late Cretaceous period, that is, 65 million years ago.

– The fossil remains of Hadrosaurs have been found in Europe, North America, Asia, and Africa.

– The Hadrosaurs are uniquely adopted to chewing. They have hundreds of teeth closely spaced on their cheek. Their ability to chew vegetation was the major factor that led to its diversity.

6. Strategic disinvestment and transfer of management control in IDBI Bank

Why in news?

The Union Cabinet recently approved the Strategic Disinvestment and transfer of management control in IDBI bank.

Key points are:

– The Government of India recently holds a 45.48% stake in IDBI Bank, LIC (Life Insurance Corporation) owns 49.24%. In 2019, LIC infused 21,624 crores of rupees into a bank.

– It is the current promoter of IDBI and GoI is the co-promoter.

– During the Union Budget 2020-21, Finance Minister Smt Nirmala Sitharaman announced a target of 2.1 lakh crores of rupees from privatisation and sale of minority stakes in state-owned companies.

– The strategic buyer will infuse funds, best management practices for optimal development, best management practices to generate more businesses without the dependence in the Government of India and LIC.

– As of January 2021, only Rs 14,000 crores were raised through disinvestment as against the target of Rs 2.1 lakh crores.

– There is pressure to raise sources that will support economic recovery and will also help meet the expectations in health care. It will eliminate the need for the involvement of the Government of India in non-strategic areas.

– DIPAM is the Department of Investment and Pubic Asset Management. It is the nodal department for strategic sale in the Public Sector Undertakings. Earlier, the Public Sector Undertakings were identified by NITI Aayog. The Department of Disinvestment was renamed as DIPAM in 2016.

Important takeaways for all competitive exams:

The longest-serving Chief Minister of West Bengal is Jyoti Basu and the shortest-serving Chief Minister of West Bengal is Prafulla Chandra Ghosh. The first and only female Chief Minister of West Bengal is Mamta Banerjee.

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 142, 5th May

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