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Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 26 April, 2021

Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.
1. 551 oxygen generation plants to be set up
Why in news?
The Prime Minister’s Office informed on April 25, 2021, that the PM CARES Fund has been given approval for the allocation of funds for the installation of 551 dedicated Pressure Swing Absorption- PSA medical oxygen generation plants inside the public health facilities all over India.
Key points are:
– As per the official statement by PMO, PM Modi has directed these plants must be made functional as soon as possible as they will serve as a major boost to the oxygen availability at the district level.
– The aim behind establishing the dedicated Pressure Swing Absorption medical oxygen generation plants at the government hospitals in the district headquarters is to strengthen the public health system as well as for making sure that each of these hospitals has a facility for captive oxygen generation.
– The Liquid Medical Oxygen will be serving as a top-up to the captive oxygen generation.
– Such a system will also ensure that the government hospitals in the districts do not have any form of disruption of the oxygen supplies. The facilities will also have an access to an adequate oxygen supply for managing the Coronavirus patients and other patients.
– The dedicated oxygen generation plants will be established in Government hospitals in the district headquarters in the States and UTs and the procurement will be done through the Health Ministry.
– Earlier, PM CARES Fund had also provided Rs. 201.58 crores for the establishment of an additional 162 dedicated PSA Medical Oxygen Generation Plants in hospitals.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 24 April, 2021
2. ANZAC Day
Why in news?
Every year Anzac Day is celebrated on April 25 in Australia and New Zealand.
Key points are:
– The day is celebrated as a national day of remembrance that commemorates all the New Zealanders and Australians who died in wars, conflicts, and peacekeeping operations.
– ANZAC is the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps.
The day was originally planned to honour the members of New Zealand and Australian armies who served in the Gallipoli Campaign.
About Gallipoli Campaign
– It was the first military campaign of the First World War. It took place in the Gallipoli peninsula between 1915 and 1916. It is often considered the beginning of Australian and New Zealand national consciousness.
– In 1915, New Zealand and Australia set out to capture the Gallipoli peninsula to open the way to the Black sea for the Allied Navies. The main objective was to capture Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire was an ally of Germany during the war.
– The Armies of New Zealand and Australia landed on April 25, 1915 and met fierce resistance from the Ottoman Empire. The plan to knock the Ottomans became a stalemate.
– The Gallipoli Campaign dragged for eight months.
– The military objectives of the Gallipoli campaign were to capture Constantinople and knock the Ottoman Empire out of war.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 23 April, 2021
3. SWAMITVA scheme
Why in news?
The scheme has been extended to all states. Earlier, it was launched only for 9 states.
Key points are:
– Launched on Panchayati Raj Diwas (April 24th, 2020).
– The scheme seeks to map residential land ownership in the rural sector using modern technology like the use of drones.
– The scheme aims to revolutionise property record maintenance in India.
– The scheme is piloted by the Panchayati Raj ministry.
– Under the scheme, residential land in villages will be measured using drones to create a non-disputable record.
– Property cards for every property in the village will be prepared by states using accurate measurements delivered by drone mapping. These cards will be given to property owners and will be recognised by the land revenue records department.
– The delivery of property rights through an official document will enable villagers to access bank finance using their property as collateral.
– The property records for a village will also be maintained at the Panchayat level, allowing for the collection of associated taxes from the owners. The money generated from these local taxes will be used to build rural infrastructure and facilities.
– Freeing the residential properties including the land of title disputes and the creation of an official record is likely to result in appreciation in the market value of the properties.
– The accurate property records can be used for facilitating tax collection, new building, and structure plan, issuing of permits and thwarting attempts at property grabbing.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 22 April, 2021
4. Section 144 of CrPC
Why in news?
Section 144 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) of 1973 has been imposed in Gurugram, owing to the rising number of Covid-19 cases.
Key points are:
– Section 144 has often been used to clamp down on telecommunication services and order Internet shutdowns.
– Section 144 CrPC: This law empowers the magistrate of any state or union territory in India to pass an order prohibiting the gathering of four or more people in a specified area.
– It is imposed in urgent cases of nuisance or apprehended danger of some event that has the potential to cause trouble or damage to human life or property.
– This order can be passed against a particular individual or the general public.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 20 April, 2021
5. #FOSS4GOV Innovation Challenge
Why in news?
Recently, the Ministry of Electronics & IT (MeitY) has announced #FOSS4GOV Innovation Challenge to accelerate the adoption of Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) in the Government.
Key points are:
– Free and Open Source Software (FOSS): It doesn’t mean the software is free of cost. The term “free” indicates that the software does not have constraints on copyrights.
– It means that the source code of the software is open for all and anyone is free to use, study and modify the code.
– It allows other people also to contribute to the development and improvement of the software like a community.
– The Free and Open Source Software may also be referred to as Free/Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS) or Free/Open Source Software (F/OSS). Examples of FOSS include MySQL, Firefox, Linux, etc.
– Another category of software is ‘Closed Source Software’. The software uses proprietary and closely guarded code.
– Only the original authors have the authority to access, copy, and alter that software. In this case, one does not purchase the software, but only pays to use it.

Daily Gist of 'The Hindu', 'PIB', 'Indian Express' and Other Newspapers: 26 April, 2021_40.1

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6. Crew-2 mission
Why in news?
Four astronauts were launched to the International Space Station (ISS) from Florida as part of a collaboration between NASA and SpaceX under the Commercial Crew Program.
Key points are:
– The mission is called Crew-2 and is the second crew rotation of the SpaceX Crew Dragon and the first with international partners.
– Members of the mission conduct microgravity studies, investigate food physiology meant to study the effects of dietary improvements on immune function and the gut microbiome and how those improvements can help crews adapt to spaceflight.
– Their central focus during this time will be to continue a series of Tissue Chips in Space studies. Tissue Chips are small models of human organs that contain multiple cell types that behave similarly to the human body. According to NASA, these chips can potentially speed up the process of identifying safe and effective drugs and vaccines.
– The main objective of the Commercial Crew Program is to make access to space easier in terms of its cost, so that cargo and crew can be easily transported to and from the ISS, enabling greater scientific research.
– Through this program, NASA plans to lower its costs by sharing them with commercial partners such as Boeing and SpaceX, and also give the companies incentive to design and build the Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS).

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 19 April, 2021
7. Exercise VARUNA 2021
Why in news?
The 19th edition of the Indian and French Navy bilateral exercise ‘VARUNA-2021’ is being conducted in the Arabian Sea.
Key points are:
– Earlier this year, the Indian Navy took part for the first time in the France-led naval exercise “La Pérouse” with the navies of the US, Australia, and Japan.
About Exercise:
– The Indian and French Navies have been conducting bilateral maritime exercises since 1993. Since 2001, these exercises have been called ‘VARUNA’.
– These interactions further underscore the shared values as partner navies, in ensuring freedom of seas and commitment to an open, inclusive Indo-Pacific and a rules-based international order.
About 2021 Exercise
– This is the first time that the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is participating in the Varuna maritime exercise.
– The ‘Varuna’ joint exercise is part of the French carrier strike group’s ‘CLEMENCEAU 21’ deployment, which the French Navy is conducting in the eastern Mediterranean, the Gulf and the Indian Ocean (Arabian Sea).
– Its goal is to contribute to the stabilization of these strategic zones and strengthening cooperation with the navies of partner countries, in particular India for the Indian Ocean component.
– As part of this deployment, the Carrier Strike Group is also taking part in anti-ISIS (the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) operations.
– The exercise will see high tempo-naval operations at sea, including advanced air defence and anti-submarine exercises, tactical manoeuvres, underway replenishment, and other maritime security operations.

Daily Gist of 'The Hindu', 'PIB', 'Indian Express' and Other Newspapers: 26 April, 2021_50.1

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