Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 22 January, 2021

Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. New 4-lane Thaltej-Shilaj-Rancharda Railway Overbridge

– Union Home Minister Shri Amit Shah inaugurated the new 4-lane Thaltej-Shilaj-Rancharda railway overbridge, built at a cost of Rs 55 crore, in Ahmedabad city of Gujarat through video conferencing from New Delhi.

– Several dignitaries including Gujarat Deputy Chief Minister Shri Nitin Patel were present at the programme.

– He said after becoming Prime Minister, Narendra Modi has started a campaign to address the problems faced in the country in basic utilities.

– Construction of overbridges or underbridges at one lakh railway crossings started.

– From 2009 to 2014, about 900 unmanned crossings had been completed while from 2014 to 2020, about 3,584 unmanned crossings were covered.

– Due to Corona, the growth of the world economy including India slowed down, but India’s economy is poised to take off at a fast pace, which has become a topic of discussion all over the world.

– The largest vaccination programme in the world has been started by Narendra Modi. With its completion, we will be able to accelerate the country’s progress by achieving complete victory over the Covid epidemic.

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2. ‘Investing Life’

– A film on the survival of every living being in unfavourable situations like a social boycott, road accidents and man-animal conflict. This is how Vaishali Vasant Kendale, Director of ‘Investing Life’ describes her 52-minute non-feature film, produced by Films Division, that has been screened in the 51st International Film Festival of India (IFFI).

– In the post-screening press conference, the Director said, it should not be looked upon as a biographical film. It recognizes the unconditional work of three common citizens.

– “They have been silently and single-handedly investing their life for years in the survival of every life in the surrounding area, which leads to the betterment of mankind and the ecosystem. There are many such people working at grassroots level. In return they expect nothing”, she said.

– The common grassroots level people portrayed in the film are devoting their lives for others. Hence, the name ‘Investing Life’, said the Director.

– “Biographies are made on great people. But, every living organism and common folks have a significant role to play in our world. All such individual roles are of importance”, added Kendale sharing her thoughts on what went behind the film.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 21 January, 2021

3. Karnataka Prevention of Slaughter and Preservation of Cattle Ordinance, 2020

– Karnataka government has given an undertaking to the High Court that no coercive action will be initiated for transporting cattle in breach of the Cattle Ordinance, 2020 till the relevant rules are brought into force based on the draft rules notified recently.

– The court is hearing PIL petitions challenging the constitutional validity of the Ordinance promulgated recently.

– The government is yet to frame rules prescribing manner of cattle transportation.

– There have been apprehensions about likely prosecution of farmers for transporting cattle within the State even for the exemption granted for bonafide agriculture and animal husbandry.

– It is a cognizable offence, violators can attract three to seven years of imprisonment.

– While a penalty between Rs 50,000 and Rs 5 lakh can be levied for the first offence, second and subsequent offences can attract penalties ranging between Rs 1 lakh and Rs 10 lakh.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 20 January, 2021

4. Kerala Infrastructure Investment Fund Board (KIIFB) Borrowings Issue

– Recently, the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India has opined that the off-budget borrowings made by the Kerala Infrastructure Investment Fund Board (KIIFB) for critical infra projects have bypassed the limits set on government borrowings under Article 293 (1) of the Constitution and such borrowings do not have legislative approval.

– Off-budget borrowings are a means by which the government keeps its fiscal deficit in check by making quasi-government entities borrow on its behalf, to partly fund its expenditure plan for the year.

­ – CAG reported that KIIFB has bypassed the limits set on government borrowings under Article 293 of the Constitution as these borrowings did not have legislative approval.

– According to CAG, Entry 37 of the List 1 of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution gives powers of raising foreign loans only to the Centre. Thus, KIIFB borrowings are in violation of the Constitution and encroachment on the powers of the Centre.

– KIIFB borrowings have not been disclosed in the Budget documents or in the accounts.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 19 January, 2021

5. India Innovation Index 2020

– Recently, India Innovation Index Report 2020 was released by NITI Aayog in which Karnataka retained its top position in the major States category.

– The Innovation Index is divided into three categories—major states, Union Territories, and hill and North East states.

– Karnataka topped with a score of 42.5 for the second year running.

– Four states are from South namely Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and Kerala occupy the top positions on the index, apart from Maharashtra which ranked second.

– Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Bihar scored the lowest on the index, which put them at the bottom in the “major States” category.

– Himachal Pradesh topped the rankings of the hill and North-East states, followed by Uttarakhand, Manipur and Sikkim.

– Delhi (Union Territory) has scored the highest on the index in the country with a score of 46.6, while Lakshadweep has the lowest score at 11.7.

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6. Houthi

– U.S. to review Houthi terrorist label.

– The Houthis were formed by Zaidite scholars, a Shia sect who have lived in Yemen for over a thousand years and also ruled the country for several centuries.

– Their rebellion against the Saudi-backed government began about a decade ago.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 16 January, 2021

7. Regulatory Compliance Portal

– The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) has launched a regulatory compliance portal that will act as a bridge for citizens, industries and the government to minimise burdensome compliances recently.

– DPIIT comes under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. It is acting as the nodal department for coordinating the exercise of minimizing regulatory compliance burden for citizens and businesses which have an adverse impact on time and cost of businesses.

– The objective is to reduce the compliance burden, simplify further the citizen-government interface whether online or offline and remove antiquated and obsolete acts which don’t add value.

– To boost manufacturing and make Indian industry competitive, there are issues of quality and manufacturing of scale but the compliance burden is a major cost.

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8. New US President

– Joe Biden recently took oath as 46th US President and Kamala Harris as 49th Vice President.

– Biden will be the oldest president in American history.

– Harris will be the first female and first Indian American vice president of the United States.

– A newly elected or re-elected president of the United States begins their four-year term of office at noon on the twentieth day of January following the election.

– While the Constitution does not mandate that anyone, in particular, should administer the presidential oath of office, it has been administered by the Chief Justice.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 15 January, 2021

9. Angiogenesis

– Researchers are working to develop a transgenic zebrafish model by the use of the CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing tool to further study the compensatory angiogenesis mechanism in the tumour microenvironment.

About Angiogenesis

– It is the physiological process through which new blood vessels form from pre-existing vessels, formed in the earlier stage of vasculogenesis.

– It is a normal and vital process in growth and development, as well as in wound healing and in the formation of granulation tissue.

– However, it is also a fundamental step in the transition of tumours from a benign state to a malignant one. Deregulation of angiogenesis is the main reason for tumour growth and progression.

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