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Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 21 April, 2021

Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.
1. 4 New Tribes India Outlets Virtually Inaugurated
Why in news?
Four new outlets of Tribes India in prime locations in New Delhi were virtually inaugurated by Shri Bhaskar Khulbe, Advisor to the Prime Minister on 21 April, 2021.
Key points are:
– To help the tribal artisans and forest dwellers cope with these unprecedented times, and as a part of its ongoing initiatives to promote the livelihood of the tribal artisans through marketing and provide support to tribal produce and products, TRIFED is expanding its retail operations across the country.
– Addressing at the inauguration of the New Moti Bagh Tribes India outlet, Shri Bhaskar Khulbe says, “I am happy that TRIFED is continuing its efforts to better the lives of the tribal people and enable them to get better access to larger markets, especially during these times when the pandemic is impacting their income and livelihoods. It is a momentous and joyous occasion since “Janjatiya Jeevika” is getting into enterprise mode. He also appreciated the efforts of TRIFED to promote tribal products abroad through embassies. ”
– The other three outlets, situated in Kidwai Nagar, Santushti Complex and Okhla, were also inaugurated.
– From a single flagship store at 9 Mahadev Road, New Delhi in 1999 to 134 retail outlets across India, the TRIBES India brand is growing rapidly. TRIFED is committed to protecting and furthering the interests of the tribal communities across the country.
– The four showrooms will showcase the best of authentic tribal handicrafts and handlooms from traditions such as Maheshwari, Pochampally, Chanderi, Bagh from across all the states of India, and also feature natural, organic produce and products Van Dhan essentials and immunity boosters such as organic grains, spices, herbal teas, besides exquisite bell and metalwork items.
– Categorised into attractive segments, there are dedicated counters for textiles, sarees and stoles such as Bagh print, readymade garments for men, women and children, exquisite tribal jewellery, metalwork, iron items, pottery paintings, Van Dhan natural produce in this large store.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 20 April, 2021
2. 5th Virtual Global Forum on TB Vaccine
Why in news?
Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare addressed the 5th Global Forum on TB Vaccine, through a video conference on 20 April, 2021.
Key points are:
– The Global Forum on TB Vaccines is the world’s largest gathering of stakeholders striving to develop and deploy new vaccines to prevent Tuberculosis (TB).
– Taking note of India’s largest burden of TB globally, Union Health Minister said, “We all know that Tuberculosis continues to be one of India’s most critical health challenges which have devastating health, social and financial consequences for the patients and communities at large. With an estimated 2.64 million TB patients, India has the largest burden of TB globally in terms of absolute numbers.”
– Highlighting the achievements made by India in ending TB by 2025, Dr Harsh Vardhan said, “By December 2020, India had almost returned to pre-COVID levels in TB enrollment with over 1.8 million patients notified, 11% more than the estimated projections made by us in April 2020.
– The private sector too has contributed significantly by notifying over 0.5 million patients.
– This Global Forum that the Union Territory of Lakshadweep and the District Budgam in Jammu & Kashmir have been certified as the 1st TB Free Union Territory and 1st TB Free District in the country, respectively.
– A “TB Mukt Bharat” campaign is launched which means a campaign on a war-footing level to free India of TB – to take the effort towards fighting TB to the community level and making it a People’s Movement.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 19 April, 2021
3. The Next Gen Health Summit ‘Re-Imagine Healthcare’
Why in news?
Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare addressed the Next Gen Health Summit ‘Re-Imagine Healthcare’, organized by the IMC Chamber of Commerce and Industry, through a video recorded message on 20 April, 2021.
Key points are:
– Congratulating the IMC Chamber of Commerce and Industry for taking forward the dialogue on the future of the healthcare system and ways to make it more resilient, Dr Harsh Vardhan expressed his appreciation at the participation of numerous luminaries and experts from healthcare and allied fields at the forum.
– Dr Harsh Vardhan added that “While COVID19 has laid bare the many fallacies in health systems across the globe, it has also brought health to the centre-stage of public policymaking.”
– He also stated that “affordability and accessibility will be key to establishing a healthcare system which can withstand shocks such as the current pandemic.”
– He also stated that all citizens above the age of 18 shall now be eligible to get vaccinated against COVID19 from May 1, 2021.
– The Union Minister concluded his speech by congratulating Medscape India for coming out with the idea of ‘Statue of Immunity’, along with a research & information centre on immunity to fight future pandemic and by urging everyone to sincerely practice & propagate COVID appropriate behaviour so that together we can successfully fight this pandemic.

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4. Chimera Research
Why in news?
Recently, researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in the US in research called Chimera Research have for the first time grown human cells in monkey embryos.
Key points are:
– By integrating human cells into the embryos of macaque monkeys, a chimeric tool has been created.
– Chimeras are organisms that are made up of the cells of two distinct species, in this case, humans and monkeys.
– For instance, if this hybrid embryo was placed in the womb of a monkey, it could possibly grow into a new kind of animal (however this was not the aim of this study).

Daily Gist of 'The Hindu', 'PIB', 'Indian Express' and Other Newspapers: 21 April, 2021_40.1

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The purpose of the research is to understand Human Development & Drug Evaluation:
– Ability to grow cells of two different species together offers scientists a powerful tool for research and medicine, advancing current understanding about early human development, disease onset and progression and ageing.
– It could also help in drug evaluation and address the critical need for organ transplantation.
– Chimeric tools provide a new platform to study how certain diseases arise. For instance, a particular gene that is associated with a certain type of cancer could be engineered in a human cell.
– It can help in studying the course of disease progression using the engineered cells in a chimeric model, which may be able to tell them more about the disease than results obtained from an animal model.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 17 April, 2021
5. Startup India Seed Fund Scheme
Why in news?
The Startup India Seed Fund Scheme (SISFS) has been launched.
Key points are:
– The Scheme was announced during the ‘Prarambh: StartupIndia International Summit’ which marked the five-year anniversary of the Startup India initiative.
– The Fund aims to provide financial assistance to startups for proof of concept, prototype development, product trials, market-entry, and commercialization.
– 945 Crore corpus will be divided over the next 4 years for providing seed funding to eligible startups through eligible incubators across India.
– The scheme is expected to support an estimated 3,600 startups through 300 incubators.
– Nodal Department: Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade.
– The SISFS will Secure seed funding, Inspire innovation, Support transformative ideas, Facilitate implementation, and Start a startup revolution.
– The Scheme will create a robust startup ecosystem, particularly in Tier 2 and Tier 3 towns of India, which are often deprived of adequate funding.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 16 April, 2021
6. EU & Indo-Pacific
Why in news?
Recently, the European Union (EU) approved conclusions on a European Union strategy for cooperation in the Indo-Pacific.
Key points are:
– The renewed EU commitment to the Indo-Pacific will have a long-term focus and will be based on upholding democracy, human rights, the rule of law and respect for international law.
– Indo-Pacific is a region spanning from the east coast of Africa to the Pacific island states.
– Intense geopolitical competition adding to increasing tensions on trade and supply chains as well as in technological, political and security areas.
– Human rights are also being challenged. These developments increasingly threaten the stability and security of the region and beyond, directly impacting the EU’s interests.
– The aim is to contribute to regional stability, security, prosperity and sustainable development at a time of rising challenges and tensions in the region.
– Promoting rules-based multilateralism, giving centrality to ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations), a point also stressed by India.
– The EU will work together in order to mitigate the economic and human effects of the Covid-19 pandemic and work towards ensuring an inclusive and sustainable socio-economic recovery.
– The EU’s approach and engagement will look to foster a “rules-based international order, a level playing field, as well as an open and fair environment for trade and investment, reciprocity, the strengthening of resilience, tackling climate change and supporting connectivity with the EU.
– On trade partnerships, the EU will aim to conclude free trade agreements with Australia, Indonesia and New Zealand and take further steps towards the Comprehensive Agreement on Investment with China.
– It will also continue to explore deepening economic relations with India.

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7. India-Cuba Relations
Why in news?
The retirement of Raul Castro as the first secretary of Cuba’s ruling Communist Party brings to an end the six-decade-long rule of the “historic generation”, who, under the leadership of Fidel Castro, captured power in 1959 through an armed revolution.
Key points are:
– Earlier in January 2021, the US State Department had designated Cuba as a State Sponsor of Terrorism for repeatedly providing support for acts of international terrorism in granting safe harbour to terrorists.
About Political India-Cuba Relations
– India was amongst the first countries to extend recognition to Cuba after the 1959 Revolution. Both countries have maintained close contacts with each other in various international fora, such as the United Nations (UN), Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), World Trade Organization (WTO), etc.
– India has been supporting Cuba against US-supported resolutions at the UN Human Rights Council and also consistently voted in favour of Cuban sponsored resolutions in the UN General Assembly calling for the lifting of US sanctions against Cuba.
– Cuba supports India’s inclusion as a permanent member in the restructured UN Security Council.
– Cuba also voted in favour of India’s candidature for Non-Permanent Seat in UNSC.
– Cuba has also joined the International Solar Alliance, an India-France initiative.
About the history of Cuba:
– From the 15th century, it was a colony of Spain until the Spanish–American War of 1898, when Cuba was occupied by the United States and gained nominal independence as a de facto United States protectorate in 1902.
– In 1940, Cuba attempted to strengthen its democratic system, but mounting political radicalization and social strife culminated in a coup and subsequent dictatorship under Fulgencio Batista in 1952.
– Open corruption and oppression under Batista’s rule led to his ousting in January 1959 by the 26th of July Movement, which afterwards established communist rule under the leadership of Fidel Castro.
– Since 1965, the state has been governed by the Communist Party of Cuba.
– The country was a point of contention during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, and a nuclear war nearly broke out during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962.
– In 2019, a new Constitution was approved which officially recognizes the right to private property, while also reassuring the central government’s authority over the regulation of production and land.

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