Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.
- Record construction of 534 kilometres of National Highway in one week
– The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (MoRTH) has created a record by constructing 534 km of National Highways (NHs) in the last week commencing 8 January.
– The Ministry has constructed 8,169 km of National Highways (NHs) from April 2020 to 15 January 2021 in the current financial year 2020-21, i.e. with a speed of about 28.16 km per day.
– During the same period in the last fiscal, 7,573 km roads were constructed, with a speed of 26.11 km per day.
– The Ministry is hopeful that with such pace it should be able to cross construction target of 11,000 km by 31 March.
– The Ministry also awarded NH projects of 7,597 km during this period (April 2020 to 15 January 2021). In 2019-20, projects of 3,474 km were awarded during the same period. Thus, the pace of award has also more than doubled this fiscal.
– In total, projects of 8,948 km of roads were awarded in 2019-20 while 10,237 km of roads were constructed.
– The pace of construction is expected to increase further in the remaining months of the current financial year, which are conducive for construction activities.
- Several projects launched in Bagalkot district of Karnataka
– he Union Home Minister Shri Amit Shah launched several projects in Bagalkot district of Karnataka.
– He inaugurated the expansion project of a Sugar Mill and the 75th branch of Vijaya Bank.
– He also laid the foundation stone of Ayurvedic Medical College and several farming projects.
– On this occasion, Amit Shah said that in 2014 and 2019, the people of Karnataka had voted strongly in favour of Modi ji and since Modi ji has become the Prime Minister, he has taken big step towards making a self-reliant India, – Aatmanirbhar Bharat.
– On the occasion, the Union Minister of Coal & Mines and Parliamentary Affairs, Shri Pralhad Joshi, Karnataka Chief Minister BS Yediyurappa, Deputy Chief Minister Govind Karajol, Home Minister of Karnataka, Shri Basavaraj Bommai, and other State Ministers and leaders were present.
– He said that the Modi government is committed to the development of Karnataka and today the living standard of farmers and their incomes will increase with this initiative of Nirani Group of Industries.
– He also said that the Narendra Modi government has made efforts to promote the use of ethanol and removed the central excise duty on ethanol in the year 2015.
– When the Modi government assumed office, there was 1.58 percent ethanol blending, which the Modi government has targeted to increase to 10 percent by 2022 and 20 percent by 2025.
– Under the PM Kisan Samman Nidhi scheme, as on 25th December, an amount of Rs 1,13,619 crore has been transferred to about 9 crore farmers directly into their bank accounts without the role of any middleman.
- Ustad Ghulam Mustafa Khan Sahab
– The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi has expressed grief over the demise of Ustad Ghulam Mustafa Khan Sahab.
– In a tweet, the Prime Minister said, “The passing away of Ustad Ghulam Mustafa Khan Sahab leaves our cultural world poorer. He was a doyen of music, a stalwart of creativity whose works endeared him to people across generations. I have fond memories of interacting with him. Condolences to his family and admirers.”
- Pension Payment Order
– Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances, Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr. Jitendra Singh said that the recently introduced Electronic “Pension Payment Order” (PPO) promises ease of living for senior citizens.
– Referring to some path-breaking reforms introduced in the Ministry of Personnel, Dr. Jitendra Singh stated that the Department of Pensions in the Ministry of Personnel was often at the receiving end of complaints from senior citizens about the original copies of their Pension Payment Order getting misplaced.
– Lauding Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s thrust on digitalization, Dr. Jitendra Singh said, in the last six years there has been rapid progress in this direction and many of the Ministries and Departments in the Government of India were performing nearly 80% of their work through e-office even before the onset of COVID pandemic.
Accordingly, the Department of Pensions and Pensioners’ Welfare decided to integrate the electronic PPO generated through PFMS application of CGA (Controller General of Accounts) with Digi-locker.
– This enables the pensioner to obtain an instant print – out of the latest copy of his PPO from the Digi-locker account.
– A number of reforms have been introduced to bring ease of living and convenience in the lives of pensioners including Pre-retirement Workshops and Counselling Sessions as well as assistance in meaningful engagement in the post-retirement phase of life so that the energies, the expertise and the experience of senior citizens can be optimally utilised in the service of society and for the cause of nation building.
- Adaptation Gap Report 2020
– The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Adaptation Gap Report 2020 estimated the annual cost of adaptation to the effects of climate change for developing countries to at least quadruple by 2050.
– The current cost for these countries is in the range of USD 70 billion (Rs 5.1 lakh crore) and may rise to USD 140-300 billion in 2030 and USD 280-500 billion in 2050.
– Adaptation Cost includes costs of planning, preparing for, facilitating and implementing adaptation measures.
– The ever-increasing adaptation cost has also outpaced the growth in adaptation finance and that is the reason for a maintained Adaptation Finance gap.
– Adaptation Finance refers to the flow of funds to developing countries to help them tide over the damages caused by weather events from climate change.
Adaptation Finance gap is the difference between Adaptation Cost and Adaptation Finance.
– Adaptation costs, in actual terms, is higher in developed countries but the burden of adaptation is greater for developing countries in relation to their gross domestic product.
- India & Oman
– A meeting of the India-Oman Strategic Consultative Group (IOSCG) was held recently with the first high-level official visit from Oman to India since the onset of Covid-19 pandemic.
– India assured assistance to Oman in its requirement for Covid-19 vaccines. India had also facilitated food and medical supplies to Oman during the pandemic.
– On the operationalisation of the Air Bubble arrangement, previously both the countries have expressed satisfaction during COVID-19 pandemic.
– Air bubbles (travel corridors or travel bubbles) are systems established between two countries that perceive each other to be safe and allow carriers of both the countries to fly passengers either way without any restrictions.
– Both sides reviewed the entire spectrum of India-Oman relationship including in political, energy, trade, investment, defence, security, space, mining, Science & Technology, culture and consular fields.