Daily Gist of 'The Hindu', 'PIB', 'Indian Express' and Other Newspapers: 14 May, 2021_00.1
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Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 14 May, 2021

Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. Gap between the doses of COVISHIELD increases

Why in news?

Recently, the Government of India increased the gap between the two doses of the COVISHIELD Vaccine.

Key points are:

– The gap was increased from six to eight weeks to twelve to sixteen weeks.

–  This is the second time in three months, the gaps between the doses of COVISHIELD have been widened.

– In March 2021, the Union Territories and State Governments were asked to increase the gap from twenty-eight days to six to eight weeks.

– The COVID-19 Working Group recommended increasing the gap based on real-life evidence from the UK.

– The recommendations were agreed by NEGVAC (National Expert Group on Vaccine Administration). Currently, the gap between the doses are four to six weeks.

– The protection against the vaccines increased if the gap between the doses are increased. In Canada, the gap between the doses is three to four months.

– A Lancet study says that the protection (efficacy) against COVID-19 increased from 55.1% to 81.3% if the gap between the doses was increased from six to eight weeks to twelve to sixteen weeks.

– The immunity to COVID-19 plateaued after the first dose. Thus, the second dose is essential to boost immunity to higher levels. The COVID-19 recovered people should get a booster dose after six months.

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2. First BRICS Employment Working Group Meeting

Why in news?

The first BRICS Employment Working Group was held virtually. It was hosted by India. India assumed BRICS Presidency in 2021.

Key points are:

– The member countries discussed promoting social security agreements among BRICS Nations, participation of women in labour force, formalisation of labour markets.

– The members that participated in the meeting were BRICS countries and also members from International Labour Organisation and International Social Security Agency.

– The members agreed to conduct dialogues and discussions with each other to solve the issue of the Social Security Agreement. Upon reaching conclusions, they will take it forward to signing agreements. The ILO and the ISSA are to provide technical support.

– The member countries also agreed to create a multilateral framework for the same.

– The countries discussed how COVID-19 has informalized the labour market.

– The counties agreed to promote women in productive and decent work. They also agreed to extend the social security cover to women workers in the informal sector. They also discussed the participation of women in labour force.

Daily Gist of 'The Hindu', 'PIB', 'Indian Express' and Other Newspapers: 14 May, 2021_50.1

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3. Israel-Palestine: Al-Aqsa Mosque & Sheikh Jarrah

Why in news?

Recently, Israeli armed forces attacked Al-Aqsa Mosque in the Haram esh-Sharif in Jerusalem, ahead of a march by Zionist nationalists commemorating Israel’s capture of the eastern half of the city in 1967.

Key points are:

– The threatened eviction of dozens of Palestinian families in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah escalated the crisis further.

– Zionism is a worldwide Jewish movement that resulted in the establishment and development of the state of Israel and that now supports the state of Israel as a Jewish homeland.

About Al-Aqsa Mosque

– It is one of the holiest structures in the Islamic faith. It sits inside a 35-acre site known by Muslims as Haram al-Sharif, or the Noble Sanctuary, and by Jews as the Temple Mount.

– The site is part of the Old City of Jerusalem, sacred to Christians, Jews and Muslims.

– It is believed to have been completed early in the eighth century and faces the Dome of the Rock, the golden-domed Islamic shrine that is a widely recognized symbol of Jerusalem.

– The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO, has classified the Old City of Jerusalem and its walls as a World Heritage Site.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 13 May, 2021

4. Israel: Iron Dome Air Defence System

Why in news?

Israel used its Iron Dome air defence system in recent violent clashes over Jerusalem.

Key points are:

– It is a short-range, ground-to-air, air defence system that includes radar and Tamir interceptor missiles that track and neutralise any rockets or missiles aimed at Israeli targets.

– It is used for countering rockets, artillery & mortars as well as aircraft, helicopters, and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV).

– It is capable of being used in all weather conditions, including during the day and night.

– It was developed by the state-run Rafael Advanced Defense Systems and Israel Aerospace Industries and was deployed in 2011.

– Rafael claims a success rate of over 90%, with more than 2,000 interceptions, however, experts agree the success rate is over 80%.

– It can protect deployed and manoeuvring forces, as well as the Forward Operating Base (FOB) and urban areas, against a wide range of indirect and aerial threats.

– The Iron Dome has three main systems that work together to provide a shield over the area where it is deployed which are:

– Radar: It has detection and tracking radar to spot any incoming threats.

– Weapon Control: It has battle management and weapon control system (BMC),

– Missile Fire: It also has a missile-firing unit. The BMC basically liaises between the radar and the interceptor missile.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 12 May, 2021

5. Juvenile Justice (JJ) Act, 2015

Social media posts appealing for the adoption of children orphaned during COVID-19 are illegal, warn experts.

Key points are:

– Activists warn that such posts are illegal under Section 80 and 81 of the Juvenile Justice (JJ) Act, 2015, which prohibit offering or receiving children outside the processes laid down under the Act as well as their sale and purchase.

– Such acts are punishable with three to five years in jail or ₹1 lakh in fine.

– If someone has information about a child in need of care, then they must contact one of the four agencies: Childline 1098, or the district Child Welfare Committee (CWC), District Child Protection Officer (DCPO) or the helpline of the State Commission for Protection of Child Rights.

– Following this, the CWC will assess the child and place him or her in the immediate care of a Specialised Adoption Agency.

– When there is a child without a family, the State becomes the guardian.

– Adoption is only one of the options, it is not the only option. Such children will have uncles or aunts who can look after them. Children may desire contact with their own family and to remain within the same heritage. In such circumstances, it is very important to guard the rights of the children involved.

– This is the time to focus on kinship care. The Ministry of Women and Child Development and all concerned State departments should immediately roll out a kinship care programme and make it part of foster care provisions under the JJ Act.

Daily Gist of 'The Hindu', 'PIB', 'Indian Express' and Other Newspapers: 14 May, 2021_60.1

6. Times Group Chairperson Smt Indu Jain

Why in news?

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has condoled the demise of Times Group Chairperson Smt Indu Jain ji.

In a tweet, Shri Modi said :

“Saddened by the demise of Times Group Chairperson Smt. Indu Jain Ji. She will be remembered for her community service initiatives, passion towards India’s progress and deep-rooted interest in our culture. I recall my interactions with her. Condolences to her family. Om Shanti.”

7. Shri Kantisen Shroff

Why in news?

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has expressed sadness over the demise of Shri Kantisen Shroff (Kaka).

In a tweet, The Prime Minister called Shri Kantisen Shroff, a kind hearted man of Gujarat who in addition to being a successful industrialist, contributed a lot for the upliftment of small artisans.

What is 5G, its testing and claims linked with COVID-19?

8. 99 of 100 cities with environmental risk are in Asia

Why in news?

A private firm Verisk Maplecroft has found that Asian cities face the greatest risk from environmental issues. This includes natural disasters and air pollution.

Key points are:

– Around 576 cities in different parts of the world were scored based on the following factors:

Water Quality

Heat Stress

Vulnerability to Climate Change

Water Scarcity

Economies and infrastructure to natural hazards such as tsunamis, earthquakes, and landslides

– Of the hundred most vulnerable cities, ninety-nine are located in Asia.

– Of the 100, around thirty-seven are in China and fourty-three are in India. China and India are the first and third-largest greenhouse gas emitters in the world.

– Around 1.5 billion people spread out in 414 cities of the world are living at high risks of water shortage, pollution, natural hazards, extreme heat, and other physical impacts of climate change.

– India is home to thirteen of the top twenty riskiest cities. This was mainly due to air and water pollution.

– Jakarta topped the list and was the riskiest city in the world.

– The flood-prone cities of China namely Dongguan and Guangzhou topped the list of cities that are facing threats from natural hazards. They were followed by Osaka and Tokyo of Japan. The Japanese cities are vulnerable to typhoons and earthquakes.

– Lima is the only city outside Asia to enter in top hundred riskiest cities in the world.

– Glasgow was ranked as the safest city.

Important takeaways for all the competitive exams

Dr. Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, a global nutrition expert of Indian descent has won the prestigious World Food Prize 2021.

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2021 – Set 149, 13 May

 

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