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Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 10 May, 2021

Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. AYUSH-64

Why in news?

As a token of its commitment to serve the out of hospital COVID patients, the Ministry of Ayush has started free distribution of AYUSH 64 at many locations in Delhi since last Saturday. From Monday onwards, many more centres will become operational. Those COVID-19 patients who are in home isolation or are staying at some government/NGO arranged isolation centres can benefit from this initiative of the Ministry of Ayush.

Key points are:

– Patients or their representatives can visit these centres with the hard or soft copies of patient’s RT PCR positive report and Aadhar Card to get a free pack of AYUSH 64 tablets. Replenishment, if and when required, will also be provided free of cost.

– It may be noted AYUSH 64 is a polyherbal formulation that has been found useful in the treatment of asymptomatic, mild, and moderate COVID-19 infection.

– AYUSH-64 is recommended in National Clinical Management Protocol based on Ayurveda and Yoga which is vetted by the National Task Force on COVID Management of ICMR and Guidelines for Ayurveda Practitioners for COVID-19 Patients in Home Isolation.

The seven centres where AYUSH 64 will be available are:

  1. All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA), Sarita Vihar.
  2. Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga, Ashoka Road.
  • Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine, Abul Fazal Enclave Part-1, Jamia Nagar, Okhla.
  1. Unani Medical Centre, Safdarjung Hospital.
  2. Unani Speciality Clinic, Jamia MIllia Islamia.
  3. Central Ayurveda Research Institute, Punjabi Bagh.
  • Central Council for Research in Yoga and Naturopathy, Janakpuri.

Daily Gist of 'The Hindu', 'PIB', 'Indian Express' and Other Newspapers: 10 May, 2021_40.1

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2. Covid Air Support Management Cell (CASMC)

Why in news?

The Indian Air Force (IAF) is operating a Covid Air Support Management Cell (CASMC) at Palam Air Base since 27 April 2021.

Key points are:

– The primary task of the cell is to efficiently coordinate for the distribution of all the relief aid coming from foreign countries.

– The cell is operational round the clock. Resources have been coordinated to cater for surge operations which include manpower, ground handling, and loading eqpt and vehicles like flat top trailers and fork lifters.

– One C-130 and two AN-32 transport aircraft are operating at Palam from 28 April 2021 to airlift load on short notice across the country.

– A mock drill for such an emergency airlift was also carried out on 29 April 2021, to streamline coordination amongst various stakeholders.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 8 May, 2021

3. Centre releases Rs. 8923.8 crore to Panchayats in 25 States

Why in news?

The Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance has released an amount of Rs. 8,923.8 crore to 25 States for providing grants to the Rural Local Bodies (RLBs). The grants are meant for all the three tiers of Panchayati Raj Institutions – village, block, and district.

Key points are:

The released amount may be utilised by the RLBs, among other things, for various prevention and mitigation measures needed to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, it will augment resources to the three tiers of Panchayats for fighting the contagion.

– The state-wise amount of the grant released is enclosed.

– As per the recommendations of the 15th Finance Commission, the first installment of untied grants was to be released to the States in the month of June, 2021.

– However, in view of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic situation and at the recommendation of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, the Ministry of Finance has decided to release the grant in advance of the normal schedule.

– Moreover, the 15th Finance Commission had imposed certain conditions for the release of untied grants.

– The conditions include online availability of accounts of a certain percentage of Rural Local Bodies in the public domain. But taking into consideration the prevailing circumstances, this condition has been waived for release of the first installment of untied grants.

– The first installment of untied grants was to be released to the States in the month of June, 2021 include Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and West Bengal.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 7 May, 2021

4. ESIC installs oxygen plants at two hospitals in Delhi NCR

Why in news?

The ESIC under the Ministry of Labour and Employment has installed oxygen generation plants at two hospitals in the Delhi NCR area.

Key points are:

– A 440 LPM capacity plant has been installed at the ESIC Hospital and Medical College in Faridabad, while another plant of 220 LPM capacity was commissioned at ESIC Hospital in Jhilmil, New Delhi.

– This will enable these hospitals to augment the availability of their ICU and Ventilator beds.

– The Corporation is actively helping fight the battle against Covid-19 by quickly converting it 30 hospitals all over the country into Covid Dedicated facilities. These hospitals have around 4200 beds, including 300 ICU beds and 250 ventilator beds.

– The facility has been made available to all citizens of the country. A dashboard has also been started to facilitate beneficiaries to know about the availability of beds in these hospitals.

Daily Gist of 'The Hindu', 'PIB', 'Indian Express' and Other Newspapers: 10 May, 2021_50.1

5. Lumpy Skin Disease

Why in news?

Lumpy Skin Disease is a viral illness that causes prolonged morbidity in cattle and buffaloes. The Bihar government sounded an alert and issued an advisory about the likely spread of the disease. In India, which has the world’s highest 303 million heads of cattle, the disease has spread to 15 states within just 16 months.

Key points are:

– It is caused by the poxvirus Lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV).

– It appears as nodules of two to five centimetre diameter all over the body, particularly around the head, neck, limbs, udder (mammary gland of female cattle), and genitals. The lumps gradually open up like large and deep wounds.

– It spreads through mosquitoes, flies, and ticks and also through saliva and contaminated water and food.

– LSD is endemic to Africa and parts of West Asia, where it was first discovered in 1929.

– In Southeast Asia, the first case of LSD was reported in Bangladesh in July 2019.

– In India, it was first reported from Mayurbhanj, Odisha in August 2019.

– There is no treatment for the virus, so prevention by vaccination is the most effective means of control.

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6. SpaceX’s Starship landing

Why in news?

Serial number 15 (SN15), a prototype of the futuristic Starship rocket developed by Elon Musk’s SpaceX company. It was able to launch and successfully land on Wednesday, heralding a new era in space exploration for NASA.

Key points are:

– The latest successful landing is a relief for NASA and SpaceX, as four previous prototypes of Starship had failed to do so, getting destroyed during or soon after touchdown at the southeastern tip of Texas, near Brownsville.

– Reusability is at the heart of making interplanetary travel accessible, SpaceX believes since a majority of the launch cost is attributed to the expense of building a rocket that is ultimately designed to burn up during re-entry.

– Starship can deliver satellites further and at lower marginal costs than Falcon vehicles and it can ferry both cargo and crew to the International Space Station (ISS).

– Once developed, Starship is also expected to help carry large amounts of cargo to the Moon, for human spaceflight development and research.

– Beyond the Moon, the spacecraft is being designed for carrying crew and cargo for interplanetary missions as well.

About Starship

– It is full-scale, stainless steel, bullet-shaped rocketship built by SpaceX.

– The spacecraft has been described as a game-changer for space travel, being a fully reusable transportation system for crew and cargo to the Earth’s orbit, Moon and Mars.

– SpaceX has described Starship as “the world’s most powerful launch vehicle” with an ability to carry over 100 metric tonnes to the Earth’s orbit.

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