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CERT-In

Context

  • Recently, Delhi High Court has asked the Centre to respond to a petition highlighting the inaction of the Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-­In) over reports of alleged cybersecurity breaches and data leaks on online platforms of Big Basket, Domino’s, MobiKwik, and Air India.

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Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT­-In)

  • About: Established in 2004, CERT-In is the national nodal agency for responding to computer security incidents as and when they occur.
    • The constituency of CERT-In is the Indian Cyber Community.
    • Headquarters: New Delhi
  • Parent Ministry: works as a functional organization of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
  • Key functions: as provided by Information Technology (Amendment) Act 2008. It designated CERT-In to serve as the national agency to perform the following functions in the area of cybersecurity:
    • Collection, analysis, and dissemination of information on cyber incidents.
    • Forecast and alerts of cybersecurity incidents
    • Emergency measures for handling cybersecurity incidents
    • Coordination of cyber incident response activities.
    • Issue guidelines, advisories, vulnerability notes, and whitepapers relating to information
    • security practices, procedures, prevention, response, and reporting of cyber incidents.
    • Such other functions relating to cybersecurity as may be prescribed.

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Key steps taken by government to ensure cyber security

  • National Cyber Security Policy, 2013: aimed at building a secure and resilient cyberspace for citizens, businesses, and the Government.
  • Cyber Swachhta Kendra’: they are Botnet Cleaning and Malware Analysis Centre, created to combat cybersecurity violations and prevent their increase.
    • It was launched in 2017 by CERT-In as a desktop and mobile security solution for cybersecurity in India.
  • Cyber Surakshit Bharat Yojana: It is an awareness generation program and conducts workshops on best practices and enablement of the officials with cybersecurity health tool kits.
    • It was launched by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology in association with National e-Governance Division (NeGD) and industry players in 2018.
  • Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre(I4C): created to combat cybercrime in India in a comprehensive and coordinated manner.
    • Established in 2018 and functions under the Ministry of Home Affairs.

 

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